Impact of Disaster Risks on Regional Economic Resilience in China: A Case Study of Wenchuan Earthquake
Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2019, Pages: 245-254
Received: Aug. 22, 2019;
Accepted: Aug. 28, 2019;
Published: Sep. 20, 2019
Views 262 Downloads 56
Dan Zhou, Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
An Chen, Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
Jianfei Wang, Institute of Engineering Mechanics (Key Laboratory of Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration), China Earthquake Administration, Harbin, China
The occurrence of disasters has a great impact on the sustainable development of cities and regions. This makes the ability of urban economic system to deal with disaster risk and its ability to recover development after being disturbed by disasters become two important indicators to measure the economic resilience. Unlike the study of economic shocks, we identify sectors of the economy that are sensitive to disaster disturbances in urban systems. It is of great significance to explore the structure of economic activity which is related to improve the stability and driving force of urban economy resilience. This paper establishes the premise hypothesis according to the Urban Economy Basic Theory. The object is the structure of urban Basic and Non-Basic economic activities. Taking the Location Quotient as the observation index, the economic resilience level of disaster risk area was explored through the empirical study of Wenchuan earthquake. The results show that the Investment, Finance, Government Finance, Transportation and Social Welfare sectors are the endogenous drivers of the post-disaster economy, which can quickly stimulate economic recovery in the short term but lack of sustainability. Besides, the development of Industry, Retail Trade, Construction, Education and Health Care need to be driven by external support. In the short term, the growth rate is not significant, but it is the main driving force of long-term economic development after the disaster. On the other hand, Government Finance, Social Finance Investment, Construction, Transportation and Social Welfare departments have undergone reverse changes between Basic and Non-basic economic activities after the earthquake, indicating that the earthquake disaster has a subversive effect on the turbulence of regional economic structure. Therefore, on the basis of extending the perspective of economic resilience researches, this paper discusses the method for assessing urban economic resilience, and puts forward some suggestions on how to improve resilience in the disaster risk areas.
Impact of Disaster Risks on Regional Economic Resilience in China: A Case Study of Wenchuan Earthquake, Social Sciences. Special Issue: Emergency Management.
Vol. 8, No. 5,
2019, pp. 245-254.
Wang Hui; Xu Yunxue; Lu Siqi; Ren Yilu; Xiang Weining. A Comparative Study of Chinese Translation of Resilience Terminology in Socio-Ecological System and Its Related Research Fields [J]. Urban Planning International. 2017, 32 (4), 29-39.
Zeng Bing; Zhang Yan. The connotation of Regional Economic Resilience and the Review of Its Research Progress [J]. Inquiry Into Economic Issues. 2018, 1, 176-182.
MEEROW S; NEWELL J P; STULT S M. Defining urban resilience: a review [J]. Landscape and Urban Planning. 2016, 147, 38-49.
Wildavsky A B. Searching for Safety (Vol. 10) [M]. Transaction Publishers. 1988.
Sun Jiuwen; Sun Xiangwen. Research on Regional Economic Resilience and Its Application in China [J]. Economic Geography. 2017, 10, 37 (10), 1-9.
Guan Haoming; Zhang Pingyu. An Empirical Test of the Relationship between Basic non-basic Economic Activities in Chinese Cities Based on Economic Theory [J]. Geographical Science. 2016, 12, 36 (12), 1784-1792.
Zhang Zhihong; Cao Yujie. Discussion on County Economic Recovery and Reconstruction after Earthquake - taking Wenchuan Rconomy as an Example [J]. Regional Economy. 2009, 3, 211-212.
A. Reggiani; P. Nijkamp. The Economics of Complex Spatial Systems. Elsevier. 1999.
Rose A; Liao S Y. Modeling Regional Economic Resilience to Disasters: A computable General Equllibrium Analysis of Water Service Disruptions [J]. Journal of Regional Science. 2005, 45 (1), 75-112.
Rose A.; Lim D. Business Interruption Losses from Natural Hazards: Conceptual and Methodology Issues in the Case of the North Ridge Earthquake [J]. Environmental Hazards: Human and Social Dimensions. 2002 (4), 1-14.
Rose A. Defining and Measuring Economic Resilience to Earthquakes. In Research Progress and Accomplishments; Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research, State University of New York at Buffalo: New York, NY, USA. 2004, 41–54.
Simmie J; Martin R L. The Economic Resilience of Regions: Towards an Evolutionary Approach [J]. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society. 2010, 3, 27-43.
Liangang Li; Pingyu Zhang; Xin Li. Regional Economic Resilience of the Old Industrial Bases in China—A Case Study of Liaoning Province [J]. Sustainability. 2019, 11, 723.
Haichao Yu; Yan Liu; Chengliang Liu; Fei Fan. Spatiotemporal Variation and Inequality in China’s Economic Resilience across Cities and Urban Agglomerations [J]. Sustainability. 2018, 10, 4754.
Juntao Tan; Kevin Lo; Fangdao Qiu; Wenxin Liu; Jing Li; Pingyu Zhang. Regional Economic Resilience: Resistance and Recoverability of Resource-Based Cities during Economic Crises in Northeast China [J]. Sustainability. 2017, 9, 2136.
Monica Dudian; Mihaela Mosora; Cosmin Mosora; Stefanija Birova. Oil Price and Economic Resilience [J]. Sustainability. 2017, 9, 273.
Chen Quanrun; Zhu Kunfu. Disaster Economic Impact Assessment Method Based on Input-output model [J]. Administration Discussion. 2008, 12, 15-19.
Wan Binlian; Zhai Guofang. Study on Regional Economic Growth Model after Disaster Based on Resilience - Take Wenchuan as an Example [J]. The Modern City Study. 2017, 9, 41-47.
Brown L; Greenbaum R T. The role of industrial diversity in economic resilience: An empirical examination across 35 years [J]. Urban Studies. 2017, 54 (6), 1347-1366.
Davies S. Regional resilience in the 2008-2010 downturn: comparative evidence from European counties [J]. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society. 2011, 4 (3), 369-382.
Xu Y; Warner M E. Understanding employment growth in the recession: the geographic diversity of state rescaling [J]. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society. 2015, 8 (2), 359.
HOYT H. The structure and growth of residential neighborhoods in American Cities [M]. Washington: U.S. Govt. Print off. 1939.
TIEBOUT C M. The community economic base study [M]. New York: The Commitee of Economic Development. 1962.
NORTH D C. Location theory and regional economic growth [J]. Journal of Political Economy. 1955, 63 (3), 243-258.
Peter Haggett. The Quantocks: Biography of an English Region [J]. The AAG View of Books. 2013, 5 (24), 27-29.
ZHOU Can; ZENG Gang. Progress and Prospect of International Research on Industrial Cluster: A Perspective from Economic Geography [J]. Economic Geography. 2018, 1, 38 (1): 11-19.
Huang Xinjian; Wan Ke. Comparative Advantage and Industrial Layout of Modern Agriculture in Jiangxi Province Based on Location Law [J]. Agricultural Modernization Research. 2015, 5, 35 (3), 286-289.
Liu Jie. Study on Industrial Convergence in Western Shandong Province [J]. Economic Geography 2013, 9, 33 (9), 101-106.
Dai Pingsheng. Calculation and Property and Application of Gini Coefficient of Location [J]. Quantitative & technical economics. 2015, 7, 149-161.
Xiao Zhouyan; Wang Qingjuan. Studies on the Functional Layout and Population Evacuation of China's Megacities -- a case study of Beijing [J]. Population Journal. 2015, 1 (37), 5-14.
Wang Zhen; Han Yu; Hu Min; Wu Jing. Analysis on the Political and Economic Structure of the World's Periphery Global Economic Governance [J]. Strategic and Decision-making Research. 2015, 30 (6), 824-838.