Chinese Community Correction System and “De-labeling” - On the Jurisprudential Basis of Community Correction System from the Perspective of Label Theory
Social Sciences
Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2019, Pages: 270-274
Received: Sep. 10, 2019; Accepted: Sep. 27, 2019; Published: Oct. 12, 2019
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Authors
Chao Fan, Jiangsu Luman Law Firm, Nanjing, China
Yuan Liu, School of Law, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, China
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Abstract
The community correction system is relatively mature in Western countries such as the UK and the USA. In recent years, it has gradually emerged in China and has been pushed from the pilot to the whole country. It has had an important impact on the transformation of the executi of punishment in China. And its development can not be separated from the strong support of label theory in criminology. The label theory cuts into the causes of crime from the interaction between the individual and the society, explains the causal relationship between the primary deviant behavior and the secondary deviant behavior, and holds that the penalty is a “label” for the perpetrator of the crime within the maximum scope of society. As a non-custodial punishment, the community correction system reflects the change of the execution mode of the penalty. Its implementation is based on the label theory. Compared with the traditional prison sentence, it has the effect of diluting the "label" and the implementation of community correction. It is the process of “de-labeling” from the community residents and the community correction objects themselves. The negative reaction of other people in the society to the deviant behavior and the change of the self-image of the perpetrator are two key links in the process of criminal label formation. Therefore, the community correction system should mainly aim at removing the prejudice of the community residents against the community correction offenders and improving the community correction offenders’ recognition of self-worth. And the community correction system should give full play to the influence of lightening the label.
Keywords
Community Correction System, Label Theory, Interaction Relationship, Non-custodial Punishment, “De-Labeling”
To cite this article
Chao Fan, Yuan Liu, Chinese Community Correction System and “De-labeling” - On the Jurisprudential Basis of Community Correction System from the Perspective of Label Theory, Social Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 5, 2019, pp. 270-274. doi: 10.11648/j.ss.20190805.18
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Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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