Urbanisation Pace in Tanzania: The Delivery of Water and Electricity in Selected Urbanised Cities
Social Sciences
Volume 8, Issue 6, December 2019, Pages: 338-347
Received: Oct. 14, 2019; Accepted: Nov. 27, 2019; Published: Dec. 6, 2019
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Idda Lyatonga Swai, School of Public Administration and Management, Department of Local Government Management, Mzumbe University, Morogoro, Tanzania
Mackfallen Giliadi Anasel, School of Public Administration and Management, Department of Health Systems Management Mzumbe University, Morogoro, Tanzania
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The Tanzanian censuses for the period of 45 years, from 1967 to 2012, indicate a rapid increase of urban populations from 5.7 percent to 22.6 percent. The increase has created a massive urbanization pressure on social services including water and electricity. Ideally the institutional frameworks of the delivery of these services are expected to interact during planning, budgeting and implementation of those plans. This study aimed to answer the research question that ‘How are water and electricity services delivered in the context of urbanisation’? The study was conducted at Arusha, Mwanza and Dodoma City Councils which includes two State Owned Utilities (SOU) that is Water Supply and Sanitation Authorities (WSSAs) and Tanzania Electric Supply Company Limited (TANESCO) from each city. Purposive sampling was used to select the three cities and key informants from the SOUs and in the city councils. The study participants include: the City Executive Directors, Planning Officers and Urban Planners in the cities as well as the planning officers from the SOUs. Documentary review and interview data collection methods were used to collect data. Content analysis, narrative analysis and phenomenological analysis were used to analyse data collected from the documents and interviews. The findings indicate a slight relationship between the LGAs-cities and SOUs studied, particularly in the preparation of master plan but they do not cooperate in operational activities including planning and budgeting. There is no any formal forum for LGAs and SOUs to meet, discuss their plans and budget as well as implementation of those plans. This study recommends to have an institutional framework whereby the utilities delivering water and electricity meet with the LGAs in a formal forum to discuss the plans, budget and implementation of the same to avoid duplication of effort.
Urbanisation, Water and Electricity Delivery, Institutional Framework, Institutional Linkage, Population Increase, Tanzania
To cite this article
Idda Lyatonga Swai, Mackfallen Giliadi Anasel, Urbanisation Pace in Tanzania: The Delivery of Water and Electricity in Selected Urbanised Cities, Social Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 6, 2019, pp. 338-347. doi: 10.11648/j.ss.20190806.16
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