Volume 9, Issue 5, October 2020, Pages: 195-211
Received: Sep. 14, 2020;
Accepted: Oct. 6, 2020;
Published: Oct. 22, 2020
Views 71 Downloads 18
Murithi Lawrence Muthee, School of Diplomacy and Peace Studies, Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya
Philip Wambua Peter, School of Business, Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya
The aim of the study was to establish how availability of closed circuit television, security services, firefighting equipment and medical facilities contributed to organizational operations. Descriptive research was adopted in the study to identify how organizational operations are affected by security preparedness. The study targeted a population of one thousand one hundred respondents comprising of business owners, heads of institutions, security operatives and clients out of which a sample size of one hundred and ten respondents was selected. The study collected both primary and secondary data using semi-structured questionnaire and reviewed empirical and theoretical literatures respectively. The collected data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and presented in pie charts, bar charts and graphs. Pilot testing of the instruments was conducted to ascertain their reliability. The study findings indicated that there is a positive and important relationship between CCTV and organizational operations. Likewise, there was a positively significant correlation between security service personnel and organizational operations. The effect of firefighting equipment on organizational operations was moderate according to the study findings. Additionally, the study found out that the influence of medical facilities on organizational operations was moderate. The study recommends an increase of CCTV coverage within Nanyuki, modernization of firefighting equipment, standardized operating procedures for security service providers and an evaluation of preparedness of medical facilities within Nanyuki town on the ability for mass casualty response.
Murithi Lawrence Muthee,
Philip Wambua Peter,
Security Preparedness and Organizational Operations in Laikipia County, Kenya, Social Sciences.
Vol. 9, No. 5,
2020, pp. 195-211.
Altshuler, A. (2016). Israel’s Emergency Management Challenge. Harvard Kennedy School.
Alois S. & Michael Z. (2013) Is camera surveillance an effective measure of counterterrorism?, Defence and Peace Economics, 24: 1, 1-14, DOI: 10.1080/10242694.2011.650481
Barnett, H. (2015, Apr 04). Kenya Terror Attacks; Al-Shabbab warns cities “will turn red with blood” from more attacks. Daily Express.
Buzzan, B. et al (1998). Security: A new framework for analysis. London. Lynne Rienner Publishers Boulder.
Cannon, B. (2001, Sep, 12). Significance of 9/11 impact upon US foreign policy should not be overestimated, Leffler says. Washington. UVA Today.
Cruz, G. M (2015). The Importance of CCTV Security Systems in Business. https://www.linkedin.com
Cohen, S. (1985). Visions of social control. Cambridge. Polity Press.
Cote, A. E (2003). Organizing for Fire and Rescue Services. Massachusetts. USA.
Department of Homeland Security. USA.
Fire Department of New York (FDNY). (2008).
Gimode, Edwin A. “An Anatomy of Violent Crime and Insecurity in Kenya: The Case of Nairobi, 1985-1999.” Africa Development / Afrique Et Développement, vol. 26, no. 1/2, 2001, pp. 295–335. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/43661162. Accessed 3 Oct. 2020.
John, L. H. et al (2016). Health and Medical Response to Active Shooter and Bombing Events. National Academy of Medicine. Discussion Paper.
John, L. H. et al (2017). Health and Medical Response to Active Shooter and Bombing Events. National Academy of Medicine. Discussion Paper.
Kalvach Z et al (2016). Basics of Soft Target Protection. Soft Target Protection Institute: Prague.
Kenya Age Structure (2018). Nairobi. Government printer.
Kenya Engineer (Nov, 20, 2017). Managing Fire Disasters: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Fire Safety Training on Occupants Response to Fire in Selected Public Buildings in Nairobi County, Kenya. https://www.kenyaengineer.co.ke
Kenya Information Guide (2017). Nairobi. Government Printer.
Langat, A. (2016, Dec, 27). Why Kenya’s cattle raids are getting deadlier. Aljazeera.
La Tourrette, T. et al (2006). Reducing terrorism at shopping centres: An analysis of potential security options. USA. RAND Corporation.
Leidel, S. (2015). Travel Security Handbook. Zurich. Switzerland.
Maithya, I. (2018). Countering involvement of Kenyan children in terrorism through realization of their socio-economic rights. Journal of Law and Ethics, Vol 3, 2018, 107.
Maluki, M. P. (2019). How Kenya Security Forces Made Sure They Responded Better This Time. https://africanarguments.org
Mantell, R (2011). How 9/11 Terror Altered Job of Firefighters, Cops.
Menya, A. A. (2016). Fire Disaster Mitigation and Preparedness in Nairobi. A Capacity Assessment of the City Fire Brigade. UON.
Methu, S. (April, 6, 2015). Garisa University Attack. CNN
Musau, N. (Sept, 21, 2014). Terrorist Exploited Well-Known Loopholes in Kenya. The Standard.
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA, 2010). Massachusetts. USA.
Ng’ang’a, K. (Apri, 25, 2019). CCTV Cameras Alone Cannot Prevent Crime. Daily Nation.
Okere, S. (2012). An Evaluation of CCTV in Crime Management. A case study of Nairobi Central District.
Ondego, O. (2016 Jun 17). Kenya Fights Insecurity with Technology. Nairobi. Kenya Alliance of Residents Association.
Park et al (2012). International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice. Vol. 40. Issue 3, 179-191.
Sethi, S. (2015). What is Security? Securitization and its Application in Turkey. University of New South Wales.
Wafula, P. (2014 Aug 18). Kenya has experienced 100 attacks in 3 years. The Standard.
Wong, C. (2002). Clifford R. Shaw and Henry D. McKay, The Social Disorganization Theory. CSISS Classics. UC Santa Barbara: Center for Spatially Integrated Social Science. Retrieved from https://escholarship.org/uc/item/47j411pr