The Territorial Dimension of “Europe 2020”: Mapping European Regions under the Strategy to Emerge from the Crisis
Volume 3, Issue 4-1, July 2014, Pages: 13-27
Received: May 16, 2014;
Accepted: May 21, 2014;
Published: Jun. 14, 2014
Views 3482 Downloads 92
Rubén Camilo Lois González, Department of Geography, University of Santiago de Compostela, Galicia (Spain)
Valerià Paül, Department of Geography, University of Santiago de Compostela, Galicia (Spain)
Juan-Manuel Trillo-Santamaría, Department of Geography, University of Santiago de Compostela, Galicia (Spain)
The Europe 2020 Strategy (EU2020S) was launched by the European Commission (EC) in November 2009. The consolidated official document of the EU2020S constitutes a Communication from the Commission published in March 2010, being finally adopted by the European Council on the 17th of June 2010 in a meeting held in Brussels. The EU2020S has as meaningful subtitle: “a strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth”. That is to say, the EU2020S, first and foremost, seeks growth and considers that this prime objective must be achieved through three priorities, also known as pillars. If the strategic document of the EU for the decade 2000-2010 was the so-called Lisbon Strategy, the intended strategic document for the decade 2010-2020 is the EU2020S. Mainly, the need of a new strategic direction of the EU is motivated by the crisis context. The EU2020S contains eight headline targets that are set for being achieved by 2020. In short, the EU2020S indicates the basic direction that the EU economy should follow and this direction is intended to be measurable by means of some indicators, that is, the headline targets. For the purpose of the SIESTA Project, devoted to grasp the regional dimension of the EU2020S, all these objectives have been considered to be indicators to be mapped, mainly at NUTS 2 level. This way, the project seeks overcoming what some specialists have called the “territorially blind” dimension of the EU2020S. This paper presents the main results of the SIESTA Project by showing the maps directly related with the targets which the EU2020S issues to measure its fulfilment. Additionally, in order to assess the overall fulfilment of the EU2020S, a composite index has also been developed. It measures the distance of regions from the eight EU2020S headline targets: a region would score 100 if it had reached all eight targets, while a region furthest away from all eight targets would score 0. This methodology was inspired by the Lisbon index of the 5th Cohesion Report.
Rubén Camilo Lois González,
The Territorial Dimension of “Europe 2020”: Mapping European Regions under the Strategy to Emerge from the Crisis, Social Sciences. Special Issue:Geographical Evidence in Changing Europe.
Vol. 3, No. 4-1,
2014, pp. 13-27.
Anton, S. & Gonzàlez Reverté, F. (Coordinators) (2005). Planificación territorial del turismo. Barcelona, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya.
Blewitt, J. (2009). Understanding Sustainable Development. London, Earthscan.
Böhme, K. et al. (2011). How to Strengthen the Terri-torial Dimension of ‘Europe 2020’ and the EU Cohesion Policy. Warsaw, Ministry of Regional De-velopment.
Böhringher, C. et al. (2009). EU Climate Policy up to 2020: an Economic Im-pact Assessment. Energy Economics 31, pp. 295-S305.
Bundesamt Für Bauwesen Und Raumordnung (dir.) (2006). ESPON Atlas. Mapping the Structure of the European Territory. Bonn: Bundesamt für Bauwesen und Raumordnung.
Butković, H. & Samardžija, V. (2010). From the Lisbon Strategy to Europe 2020 — An Introduction. In: Samardžija, V. & Butković, H. (Editors). From the Lisbon Strategy to Europe 2020. Zagreb, Institute for International Relations, pp. 3-30.
Capello, R. (coord.) (2012): KIT (Knowledge, Innovation, Territory). Applied Research 2013/1/13. Final Report. Version 13/11/2012. Executive Summary. ESPON/ Politecnico di Milano, Luxembourg/Milan, 18 pp.
Colomb, C. & Santinha, G. (2012). European Union Competi-tion Policy and the European Territorial Cohesion Agenda: An Impossible Reconciliation? State Aid Rules and Public Service Liberalization through the European Spatial Planning Lens. European Planning Studies. [Forthcoming]
Çolak, M. S. & Ege, A. (2013). An Assessment of EU 2020 Strategy: Too Far to Reach? Social Indicators Research 110(2), pp. 659-680.
Erixon, F. (2010). The Europe 2020 Strategy: Time for Europe to Think Again. European View 9(1), pp. 29-37.
ESPON (2013). ESPON Atlas, June 2013. Territorial Dimensions of the Europe 2020 Strategy. Luxembourg, ESPON.
European Commission (2010a). Europe 2020. A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. Brussels, 3.3.2010. [COM(2010) 2020 fi-nal]
European Commission (2010b). Regional Policy contributing to smart growth in Eu-rope 2020. Brussels, 26.1.2011. [COM(2010) 553 final]
European Commission (2010c). Investing in Europe’s future. Fifth report on economic, social and territorial cohesion. Luxembourg, Publications Office of the European Union.
European Commission (2011a). A re-source-efficient Europe — Flagship initiative under the Europe 2020 Strategy. Brussels, 26.1.2011. [COM(2011) 21 final]
European Commission (2011b). Regional policy contributing to Sustainable Growth in Europe 2020. Brussels, 26.1.2011. [COM(2011) 17 final]
European Commission (2011c). The Urban and Regional Dimension of Europe 2020. Seventh Progress Report on Economic, Social and Territorial Cohesion. Luxembourg, Publications Office of the European Union.
European Commission (2011d). Annual Growth Survey 2012. Brussels, 23.11.2011 [COM(2011) 815 final. Annex 1]
European Commission (2011e). Annual Growth Survey: advancing the EU's comprehensive response to the crisis. Brussels, 12.1.2011. [COM(2011) 11 final. Annex 1]
Farinós, J. (2008). Gobernanza territorial para el desarrollo sostenible: estado de la cuestión y agenda. Boletín de la Asociación de Geógrafos Españoles 46, pp. 11-32.
Kotz, D.M. (2009). The Financial and Economic Crisis of 2008: A Systemic Crisis of Neoliberal Capitalism. Review of Radical Political Economics 41, pp. 305-317.
Lois-González, R.C. & Paül, V. (Ed.) (2013). European Regions in the Strategy to Emerge from the Crisis: the Territorial Dimension of the ‘Europe 2020’. Santiago de Compostela, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela Publicacións.
Lundvall, B. & Lorenz, E. (2011). From the Lisbon Strategy to Europe 2020. In: Morel, N., Palier, B. & Palme, J. (Editors). Towards a Social Investment Welfare State?: Ideas, Policies and Challenges. Bristol, Policy Press, pp. 333-351.
Moltó, M. (2012). A nova gobernanza económica na UE: avances e carencias. Revista Galega de Economía 21, pp. 37-66.
Nolan, B., & C. T. Whealan (2011). The EU 2020 Poverty Target. UCD Geary Institute Discussion Paper Series, Dublín, 37 pp.
Naredo, J.M. (2007). Crecimiento insostenible, desarrollo sostenible. In: Romero, J. (Coordinator). Geografía humana. Procesos, riesgos e incertidumbres en un mundo globalizado. Barcelona, Ariel, pp. 421-476.
Treidler, O. (2011). Evaluating the Lisbon Strategy. Würzburg, Bayerische Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg.
Warleigh-Lack, A. (2010). Greening the Euro-pean Union for legitimacy? A cautionary reading of Europe 2020. Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research 23(4), pp. 297-311.
Zoido, F. et al. (coords.) (2013). Diccionario de Urbanismo. Geografía urbana y ordenación del territorio. Madrid, Cátedra.