Volume 4, Issue 6-1, December 2015, Pages: 14-18
Received: Aug. 12, 2015;
Accepted: Aug. 14, 2015;
Published: Jan. 13, 2016
Views 6216 Downloads 86
Shaona Sengupta, Department of Psychology West Bengal Education Services, West Bengal, India
Tinni Dutta, Department of Psychology, Asutosh College, Kolkata, India
Of all the living beings, man is the only being who has been able to express his emotions explicitly in many forms. Emotions for other fellow beings, nature and self have been expressed by man in various creative forms. As man is creative in nature and has always expressed his emotions through music, art, philosophy and literature. Thus, literature the art of written word acts as the reflection of an authors’ mind. So through literature one can go deep into the mind of an author and understand the dynamics of his mind. This idea is applied in the method of psychoanalytic literary criticism. It refers to literary criticism which, in method, concept, theory, or form, is influenced by the tradition of psychoanalysis formulated by Sigmund Freud. The objective of psychoanalytic literary criticism is the psychoanalysis of the author reflected through the characters he has created. This article tries to reveal the psychodynamics of the ace authors’, Rabindranath Tagore and Jibanananda Das, through their literary works here poetry- the ‘SeshBasanto’ and the ‘PochisBachor Pore’ respectively.
Poetry by Rabindranath Tagore and Jibanananda Das - A Comparative Study, Social Sciences. Special Issue: Literature & Psychology.
Vol. 4, No. 6-1,
2015, pp. 14-18.
Bellak, L., Hurvich, M. & Gediman, H. (1973). Ego functions in schizophrenics, neurotics and normals. New Jersy: John Wiley & Sons Inc (June 1973).
Childers, J. & Hentzi, G. (1995). The Columbia Dictionary of Modern Literary and Cultural Criticism. New York: Columbia University Press.
Data, P. K. (2005). Rabindranath Tagore's The Home and the World: A Critical Companion. London: Anthem Press (An imprint of Wimbledon Publishing company).
Dutta, K. & Robinson, A. (1995). Rabindranath Tagore: The Myriad Man. New York: Saint Martin’s Press.
Dutta, T. (2002) Romantic poetry: A psychoanalytically oriented study. Kolkata, India: Sirmaklm limited.
Felman, S. (2003) Writing and Madness: Literature/Philosophy/Psychoanalysis Palo Alto: Stanford University Press.
Freud, S. (1900). (Translated by Strachey, J.). The Interpretation of dreams. New York: Avon Books (An Imprint of Harper Collins Publishers). (Published in 1980).
Horsburgh, N. (2003). Oxford Reading Circle. India: Oxford University Press.
Jung, C. (1933). (Translators- Dell, W. &baynes, C.) Modern man in search of soul. California: Harcourt Harvest (August 4, 1955).
Kris, E. (1952). Psychoanalytic explorations in art. USA: International Universities Press (2000).
Morgan, C., King, R., Weisz, J. & Schopler, J. (1986) Introduction to Psychology (seventh edition). New Delhi, India: Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited (2000).
Sadock, B. & Sadock, V. (2007). Kaplan and Sadock's Synopsis of Psychiatry: Behavioral Sciences/Clinical Psychiatry. USA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; Tenth, North American Edition edition.
Waugh, P. (2006) Literary Theory and Criticism. USA: Oxford University Press.
Andrews, Paul W.; Thomson, J. Anderson, Jr. (2009) The bright side of being blue: Depression as an adaptation for analyzing complex problems. Psychological Review, Vol 116(3), Jul 2009, 620-654.
Esonwanne, U. (2007) The Crisis of the Soul: Psychoanalysis and African literature. Research in African Literatures, Volume 38, Number 2, Summer 2007, pp. 140-142.
‘What is Psychodynamics?’ (2006) WebMD, Stedman’s Medical Dictionary 28th Edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. USA.
1922 Encyclopædia Britannica/Henry, O.. (2010, December 7). In Wikisource, The Free Library. Retrieved 13:15, September 3, 2011, from http://en.wikisource.org/w/index.php?title=1922_Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica/Henry,_O.&oldid=2225317
Haq, Kaiser (June 2009). "Clinton B. Seely, Barisal and Beyond: Essays on Bangla Literature" (PDF). Asiatic 3 (1): 101. ISSN 1985-3106.
Holland, N. (1998). The Mind and the Book: A Long Look at Psychoanalytic Literary Criticism. From- http://www.clas.ufl.edu/users/nholland/mindbook.htm
Mookerjea-Leonard, Debali (2008). R. Victoria Arana, ed. The Facts on File Companion to World poetry 1900 to the Present. New York, USA: Facts on File, Inc. p. 128. ISBN 978-0-8160-6457-1.
Murfin, R. (1993). What is Psychoanalytic Criticism? From- http://www.ux1.eiu.edu/~rlbeebe/what_is_psychoanalytic_criticism.pdf
Siegel, K. (2006). Introduction to Modern Literary Theory. From - http://www.kristisiegel.com/theory.htm.