Performance Evaluation of Interactive Effects of Music and Poetry with Social Conditions of Iran
Volume 4, Issue 2-1, March 2015, Pages: 1-5
Received: Oct. 16, 2014;
Accepted: Oct. 27, 2014;
Published: Nov. 3, 2014
Views 2873 Downloads 99
Fereshte Soltani, Department of Sociology, Babol University, Mazandaran, Iran
Majid Akhshabi, Department of Art, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
This study is a documentary study which investigates the relationship between music and Iran social conditions according to Marx-Weber theory through reviewing the history of music from pre-Islamic to the present time. It investigates the reasons for which rap music is welcomed in Iran, with the aim of analyzing that whether rap in Iran is an outcome of social conditions and community needs or just is a variety seeking and ground breaking type against the general rules of music. Comparative study of 8 historical period showed that music has always been influenced by the social conditions but this effect was not one-sided and it has influenced social conditions contravention, acceleration or fulfillment of a historical event in many historical periods, for example, dissemination of liberal ideas in constitutional revolution, the formation of a soft resistance in the revolution of 1978 and motivating young people to participate in the war during the Iran-Iraq, was through music.Therefore, the results of this study, regarding the relationship between culture and society, corroborated Marx-Weber theory and showed that the relationship between music and social conditions is not unilateral and passive, but the relationship is mutual and reciprocal. To answer the question on the reason for the formation of rap music in Iran, results showed that rap has a critical foundation and originally it was firmed to criticize the social and political conditions. Iranian rap lyrics are mainly critical and made according to the needs of society with the aim of challenging the general rules.This article suggests that authorities should pay much attention on the message of rap music; criticisms and objections expressed in this language.
Performance Evaluation of Interactive Effects of Music and Poetry with Social Conditions of Iran, Social Sciences. Special Issue:Performance Evaluation of Interactive Effects of Music, Poetry and Dance with Social Conditions.
Vol. 4, No. 2-1,
2015, pp. 1-5.
Bourdieu, Pierre (2012), Differentiation, John Wily and Sons.
Farabi electronic database (2013), stylistics of Iranian music, last visited in December 2013retrieved fromhttp://www.farabisoft.com/Pages/FarabiSchool/StylisticsDetails.aspx?lang=fa&PID=2&SID=13
Chavoshyan, H. (2013), Diffrentiation, Tehran: Sales Publication.
ISNA Electronic database,(2013) news interview with Aref Gader Nezhad, composer last visited in December 2013 retrieved from http://isna.ir/fa/news/9004-12634
Pirnia, H. (2010), History of pre-Islam, Tehran: Namak Publication
Tavassoli, G.H. (2000), Sociological Theories, Tehran: Institute for Humanities (SAMT)
Chavoshi, H. (2009), Aref, the only constitutional thinker, Mehrnamh Journal, Number 1
Khalegi, R. (1998), History of Iranian Music, Volume III, Tehran: Mahor Art Institute
Ritzer, G. (2000), Contemporary Sociological Theory, Translation: M. Solasi, Tehran: Scientific Publications
Soroush, A. (1999), the restless world, Tehran: Serat Publication
Abdollahyan, H. and Nazer Fasihi, A. (2010), Analysis of the formation and evolution of resistance music in Iran, Sociology of Art and Literature Journal, 2nd year, 1st issue
Alizadeh, A. Azhdari, H. and Kafi, M. (2009), Sociology of Knowledge, Qom Research Sciencepublication
Foroughian, F. and Delavari, A. (2011), Content Analysis of hidden messages in Social Rap Persian, Magazine: SID, Year VI, No. XII
Mashhon, H. (2001), history of Music in Iran, Tehran: Publication of New Culture
Mehdi Zadeh, S.M. (1996), communicative rationality in ideas of Habermas's, Journal of Media, No. 25, pp. 52
Rose, T. (1994) Black Noise: Rap music and Black culture in contemporary