Impact of Disaster Risks on Regional Economic Resilience in China: A Case Study of Wenchuan Earthquake
Social Sciences
Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2019, Pages: 245-254
Received: Aug. 22, 2019; Accepted: Aug. 28, 2019; Published: Sep. 20, 2019
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Authors
Dan Zhou, Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
An Chen, Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
Jianfei Wang, Institute of Engineering Mechanics (Key Laboratory of Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration), China Earthquake Administration, Harbin, China
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Abstract
The occurrence of disasters has a great impact on the sustainable development of cities and regions. This makes the ability of urban economic system to deal with disaster risk and its ability to recover development after being disturbed by disasters become two important indicators to measure the economic resilience. Unlike the study of economic shocks, we identify sectors of the economy that are sensitive to disaster disturbances in urban systems. It is of great significance to explore the structure of economic activity which is related to improve the stability and driving force of urban economy resilience. This paper establishes the premise hypothesis according to the Urban Economy Basic Theory. The object is the structure of urban Basic and Non-Basic economic activities. Taking the Location Quotient as the observation index, the economic resilience level of disaster risk area was explored through the empirical study of Wenchuan earthquake. The results show that the Investment, Finance, Government Finance, Transportation and Social Welfare sectors are the endogenous drivers of the post-disaster economy, which can quickly stimulate economic recovery in the short term but lack of sustainability. Besides, the development of Industry, Retail Trade, Construction, Education and Health Care need to be driven by external support. In the short term, the growth rate is not significant, but it is the main driving force of long-term economic development after the disaster. On the other hand, Government Finance, Social Finance Investment, Construction, Transportation and Social Welfare departments have undergone reverse changes between Basic and Non-basic economic activities after the earthquake, indicating that the earthquake disaster has a subversive effect on the turbulence of regional economic structure. Therefore, on the basis of extending the perspective of economic resilience researches, this paper discusses the method for assessing urban economic resilience, and puts forward some suggestions on how to improve resilience in the disaster risk areas.
Keywords
Resilience, Economic Activity Structure, Disaster Risk, Location Quotient, Wenchuan Earthquake
To cite this article
Dan Zhou, An Chen, Jianfei Wang, Impact of Disaster Risks on Regional Economic Resilience in China: A Case Study of Wenchuan Earthquake, Social Sciences. Special Issue: Emergency Management. Vol. 8, No. 5, 2019, pp. 245-254. doi: 10.11648/j.ss.20190805.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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