The Effect of a Token Economy System Program and Physical Activity on Improving Quality of Life of Patients with Schizophrenia: A Pilot Study
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2013, Pages: 80-88
Received: Nov. 20, 2013; Published: Dec. 30, 2013
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Authors
Dimitrios Kokaridas, University of Thessaly, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Trikala, Greece
Georgia Maggouritsa, University of Thessaly, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Trikala, Greece
Periklis Stoforos, Psychiatrist, Director of Psychiatry Unit, Trikala, Greece
Asterios Patsiaouras, University of Thessaly, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Trikala, Greece
Yiannis Theodorakis, University of Thessaly, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Trikala, Greece
Nikolaos Diggelidis, University of Thessaly, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Trikala, Greece
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Abstract
The aim of this pilot study was to examine the effect of an exercise and token economy system program on improving quality of life of patients with schizophrenia. Thirty (30) patients with schizophrenia separated in three groups (control group, an exercise observation with tokens group and an actual exercise with tokens group) of 10 individuals, took part in an eight weeks exercise program combining physical activity with token economy behavioral treatment. Data included the use of SF-36 Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ). Experiment group B participants as compared to those of the experiment group A and control group individuals found at the end of the exercise program as experiencing less problems with daily activities and felling more energetic and vigorous leading to an improved mental component score. Overall, findings are encouraging concerning the effect of a combined exercise and token economy program on improving quality of life of patients with schizophrenia.
Keywords
Exercise, Behavioral Therapy, Psychological Parameters, Schizophrenia
To cite this article
Dimitrios Kokaridas, Georgia Maggouritsa, Periklis Stoforos, Asterios Patsiaouras, Yiannis Theodorakis, Nikolaos Diggelidis, The Effect of a Token Economy System Program and Physical Activity on Improving Quality of Life of Patients with Schizophrenia: A Pilot Study, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2013, pp. 80-88. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20130206.13
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