Illness Perception, Religiosity and Mental Health of Diabetic Patients in Ghana
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 3, Issue 1, January 2014, Pages: 12-20
Received: Dec. 24, 2013; Published: Feb. 28, 2014
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Authors
Kingsley Nyarko, Psychology Department, University of Ghana, Legon, Melbourne
Nuworza Kugbey, Psychology Department, University of Ghana, Legon, Melbourne
Samuel Atindanbila, Psychology Department, University of Ghana, Legon, Melbourne
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Abstract
This study examines the influence of diabetic patients’ perception of their illness and their levels of religiosity on their mental health problems. A sample of 194 diabetic patients was drawn from two major hospitals (Korle-Bu Teaching and Tema General Hospitals) in the Greater Accra Region of Ghana. The cross-sectional survey method was used as the study design. Results from Pearson correlation show that the diabetic patients’ level of religiosity did not significantly correlate with their mental health problems. However, illness perception correlates significantly and positively with their general mental health problem (GSI) and specific ones such as somatization, obsessive-compulsion, depression, anxiety and psychoticism. Multiple regression analyses show that level of general mental health problem (GSI) was significantly predicted by perception of illness Coherence followed by perceptions Symptoms and Concern. Similarly, perception of coherence was the most significant predictor of both depression and anxiety among diabetic patients. The implications of the findings are discussed.
Keywords
Illness Perception, Religiosity, Mental Health, Diabetes, Ghana
To cite this article
Kingsley Nyarko, Nuworza Kugbey, Samuel Atindanbila, Illness Perception, Religiosity and Mental Health of Diabetic Patients in Ghana, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2014, pp. 12-20. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20140301.13
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