Comparing Psychological Playfulness between the Visually Impaired and the Sighted Students in Iran
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2014, Pages: 127-130
Received: Jun. 16, 2014; Accepted: Aug. 28, 2014; Published: Nov. 10, 2014
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Authors
Mozhgan Jahanbakhsh, Department of Psychology, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
Amir Ghamarani, Department of Special Education, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
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Abstract
This research was aimed at comparing psychological playfulness between the visually impaired and their sighted counterparts. This study was performed using comparative-causative method,and the statistical population included all 14-18-year-old visually impaired and sighted male and female students in Isfahan, Iran. A total of 40 visually impaired and 40 sighted students were selected using random sampling method. The research instrument was the Short Measure of Adult Playfulness (SMAP; Proyer ,2012b).The research data was analyzed using SPSS in descriptive and inferential statistic levels. The descriptive statistics included indexes such as frequency, average, and Standard deviation, while the T test was applied in inferential statistics section. The obtained result indicated no significant difference in psychological playfulness between the visually impaired and the sighted students. This can be seen as first evidence of comparing psychological playfulness between the visually impaired and sighted student. Data are interpreted within current literature and future research directions are given.
Keywords
Psychological Playfulness, The Visually Impaired Student, Iran
To cite this article
Mozhgan Jahanbakhsh, Amir Ghamarani, Comparing Psychological Playfulness between the Visually Impaired and the Sighted Students in Iran, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2014, pp. 127-130. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20140306.12
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