Effectiveness of Rational Emotive Behavioural Group Counselling for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Orphan Children Found in Kechene Children’s Home
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2014, Pages: 151-158
Received: Nov. 7, 2014; Accepted: Nov. 12, 2014; Published: Nov. 21, 2014
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Author
Shimelis Keno Tulu, Department of Psychology, College of Social Sciences and Languages, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
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Abstract
In this study, a non-equivalent control group pre and post-tests of quasi-experimental research design was employed. The study was examined the effectiveness of Rational Emotive Behavioral Group Counseling for posttraumatic stress disorder in orphan children of Kechene Children’s Home found in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Using the inclusion criteria, 60 participants aged 12 to 17 years old were purposefully selected and randomly assigned to the control and the treatment groups, with 30 participants in each group. The child posttraumatic stress symptoms scale was employed to measure the dependent variable before and after intervention. Participants in the treatment group were received 12 sessions of rational emotive behavioral group counseling for 4 successive weeks, 3 sessions per week; each session last for 1 hour. Results obtained from dependent t-test revealed that, after the intervention there was statistically significant reduction in the level of posttraumatic stress symptoms among participants in the treatment group (df=29, t=2.245, p<0.05) compared to participants in the control group. This result implies that, rational emotive behavioral group counseling is effective for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder in orphan children. Hence, it is recommendable to employ rational emotive behavioral group counseling in the intervention for children with posttraumatic stress disorder.
Keywords
Orphan Children, Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
To cite this article
Shimelis Keno Tulu, Effectiveness of Rational Emotive Behavioural Group Counselling for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Orphan Children Found in Kechene Children’s Home, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2014, pp. 151-158. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20140306.16
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