Effectiveness of Rational Emotive Behavioural Group Counselling for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Orphan Children Found in Kechene Children’s Home
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2014, Pages: 151-158
Received: Nov. 7, 2014; Accepted: Nov. 12, 2014; Published: Nov. 21, 2014
Views 2475      Downloads 205
Shimelis Keno Tulu, Department of Psychology, College of Social Sciences and Languages, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
In this study, a non-equivalent control group pre and post-tests of quasi-experimental research design was employed. The study was examined the effectiveness of Rational Emotive Behavioral Group Counseling for posttraumatic stress disorder in orphan children of Kechene Children’s Home found in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Using the inclusion criteria, 60 participants aged 12 to 17 years old were purposefully selected and randomly assigned to the control and the treatment groups, with 30 participants in each group. The child posttraumatic stress symptoms scale was employed to measure the dependent variable before and after intervention. Participants in the treatment group were received 12 sessions of rational emotive behavioral group counseling for 4 successive weeks, 3 sessions per week; each session last for 1 hour. Results obtained from dependent t-test revealed that, after the intervention there was statistically significant reduction in the level of posttraumatic stress symptoms among participants in the treatment group (df=29, t=2.245, p<0.05) compared to participants in the control group. This result implies that, rational emotive behavioral group counseling is effective for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder in orphan children. Hence, it is recommendable to employ rational emotive behavioral group counseling in the intervention for children with posttraumatic stress disorder.
Orphan Children, Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
To cite this article
Shimelis Keno Tulu, Effectiveness of Rational Emotive Behavioural Group Counselling for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Orphan Children Found in Kechene Children’s Home, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2014, pp. 151-158. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20140306.16
Osborn, K., Adolescents missing from programs for the world's orphan and vulnerable children: Advocates for youth. American Psychiatric Press, Washington, DC, 2007.
Cluver, L., & Gardner, F, “The mental health of children orphaned by HIV/AIDS” Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 19, 1-17. 2007.
UNICEF, New estimation on orphan and vulnerable children: Responses to the national plan of action . New York, 2008.
UNICEF, Africa's orphaned and vulnerable generations: Children affected by HIV/AIDS, Vintage Press, New York, 2006.
Biemba, G., & Beard, J, The scale, scope and impact of alternative care for orphan and vulnerable children in developing countries, Boston press, Boston, 2010, 12, 21-34, 2010
USAID, Highly vulnerable childern: Causes, consequences and actions. Retrieved feburary 14, 2011, from htt://www.usaid.gov, 2007.
Wubitu Hailu & Solomon Gezahegne, Coping strategies of HIV/AIDS orphans children in wereda 5 and 11: Forum on Street Children- Ethiopia . Addis Ababa(Unpublished Material), 2009.
UNICEF, Africa's orphaned and vulnerable generations: Children affected by HIV/AIDS, Vintage Press, New York, 2006.
Murray, J., Ehlers, A., & Mayou, R. A, “Dissociation and posttraumatic stress disoreder: Two prospective studies of road traffic accident survivors”, British Journal of Psychiatry, 180, 3-36. 2002.
Romanelli, H. L, “Mental health practices in child-welfare guidlines toolkit”, Journal of Mental Health, 88, 1-7. 2009.
Ahimed, A. Q, Two years follow up of orphans' competence, socio-emotional problems and posttraumatic stress symptoms, Dohuk Publishing Press, Dohuk, 2004.
Zhao, W., & Gelabert, J. M, “Nurturing care for China's orphaned children: National association for the education of young children”, Journal of Young Children on the Web, 3(5),37-64. 2007.
Rodriguez, N., Ryan, S. W., & Foy, D. W, “Tension reduction and posttraumatic stress disorder: Open process group outcome among women with posttraumatic stress”, Journal of Psychotherapy, 51(3), 379-398. 1992.
Kumar, G. V, “Impact of rational emotive behavioral therapy on adolescents with conduct disorder”, Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, 35, 103-111.2009.
Corey, G, Theory and practice ofcounseling and psychotherapy(7th ed.). CA : Brooks/Cole. Belmont, 2009.
Boni, M. D., & Hurling, R, “Rational emotive behavioral therapy based automotived dialogue system for exercise behavioral change”, Practicing Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy, 2, 2-89. 2005.
Ellis, A, Rational emotive behavioral therapy network. Retrieved March 5, 2011, from http://www.rebtnetwork.org/, 2006.
Malkinson, R., & Backx, W., “Rational emotive behavioral therapy successes and failures”, Journal of Rational Emotive and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, 24, (4), 22-54. 2007.
Cluver, L, “Psychological distress amongest HIV/AIDS orphanage children in urban South Africa”, Journal of Child Psychiatry and Psychology, 19, 2-19. 2000.
Froggatt, W, Brief introduction to rational emotive behavioral therapy. Retrieved April 2, 2011, from htt://www.anapsts.co.uk/files/Brief%20Introduction%20to%20REBT, 2001.
Bishop, F. M, “The basic of rational emotive behavioral therapy” National Training Conference (pp. 3-14). Phoenix: AZ, 3-14.
Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. Research Methods in Education(5th ed.), Routledge Falmer, London, 2000.
Lupu, V., & Cosman, D, “Rational emotive behavioral therapy in the treatment of major depressive disorder”, Journal of Clinical Psychology, 64, 728- 746. 2008.
Foa, E. B., Riggs, D. S., Dancu, C. V., & Rothbaum, B. O, “Reliability and validity of a brief instrument for assessing posttraumatic stress disorder”, Journal of Traumatic Stress, 6(4), 459-473. 1997.
Foa, E. B., Johnson, K. M., Feeny, N. C., & Treadwell, K. R. H. “The child posttraumatic symptoms scale: A preliminary examination of its psychiometric properties”, Journal of Clinical Child Psychology , 30, (3), 376-384. 2001.
Bisson, J, “Posttraumatic stress disorder and mental health: Clinical cvidence”, British Medical Journal, 1(2), 166-167. 2009.
Seedat, S., & Fincham, D. S, “Posttraumatic stress in HIV/AIDS orphaned children exposed to higher level of trauma: The prospective role of percieved social support”, Journal of Traumatic Stress, 22, 2-15. 2009.
Somasundaram, D, “Collective trauma in northern Sir-Lanka: A qualitative psychological and ecological study”, International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 5, 17-44. 2007.
Bernard, M, “The rational emotive behavior therapy therapist's pocket companion for working among women: A community sample”. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 7, 2-13. 2004.
Bistamam, M. N., & Nasir, R, “Application of rational emotive behavioral therapy in group counseling,” European Journal of Social Sciences, 10, 14-54. 2009.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186