Prospective Memory Is (Also) Not Immune to Imagery
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 5, Issue 6, November 2016, Pages: 85-88
Received: Apr. 30, 2016; Accepted: May 10, 2016; Published: Dec. 30, 2016
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Authors
Philip Chukwuemeka Mefoh, Department of Psychology, Faculty of the Social Sciences, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
Sampson Kelechi Nwonyi, Department of Sociology/Psychology, Faculty of Management and Social Sciences, Godfery Okoye University, Enugu, Nigeria
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Abstract
The study adopted a study-test paradigm to investigate whether imagery has a similar effect on prospective memory as it does on retrospective memory. The sample consists of 160 introductory psychology students. The participants were randomly assigned into 2 between groups of imagery: no-imagery and imagery groups. All the participants first studied paired-associate words (List A-B) and were later tested on the paired-associate recall test and sentence construction task. The 2 tests were performed simultaneously. Results of data analyses using the multivariate statistical model showed that memory was better for participants in the imagery group than for participants in the no-imagery group for retrospective memory (p < .001), as well as for prospective memory (p < .001). The obtained effect sizes (ES) of 0.26 and 0.21 for retrospective and prospective memory respectively demonstrate that imagery affects not only retrospective memory, but also prospective memory.
Keywords
Imagery, Paired-Associate Words, Prospective Memory, Retrospective Memory, Sentence Construction Task
To cite this article
Philip Chukwuemeka Mefoh, Sampson Kelechi Nwonyi, Prospective Memory Is (Also) Not Immune to Imagery, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2016, pp. 85-88. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20160506.17
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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