Prospective Memory Is (Also) Not Immune to Imagery
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 5, Issue 6, November 2016, Pages: 85-88
Received: Apr. 30, 2016; Accepted: May 10, 2016; Published: Dec. 30, 2016
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Philip Chukwuemeka Mefoh, Department of Psychology, Faculty of the Social Sciences, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
Sampson Kelechi Nwonyi, Department of Sociology/Psychology, Faculty of Management and Social Sciences, Godfery Okoye University, Enugu, Nigeria
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The study adopted a study-test paradigm to investigate whether imagery has a similar effect on prospective memory as it does on retrospective memory. The sample consists of 160 introductory psychology students. The participants were randomly assigned into 2 between groups of imagery: no-imagery and imagery groups. All the participants first studied paired-associate words (List A-B) and were later tested on the paired-associate recall test and sentence construction task. The 2 tests were performed simultaneously. Results of data analyses using the multivariate statistical model showed that memory was better for participants in the imagery group than for participants in the no-imagery group for retrospective memory (p < .001), as well as for prospective memory (p < .001). The obtained effect sizes (ES) of 0.26 and 0.21 for retrospective and prospective memory respectively demonstrate that imagery affects not only retrospective memory, but also prospective memory.
Imagery, Paired-Associate Words, Prospective Memory, Retrospective Memory, Sentence Construction Task
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Philip Chukwuemeka Mefoh, Sampson Kelechi Nwonyi, Prospective Memory Is (Also) Not Immune to Imagery, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2016, pp. 85-88. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20160506.17
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