Factors that Contribute to Attitudes Towards Professional Psychological Help Seeking for Mental Health Issues Among Teacher Trainees in Kenya
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 6, Issue 6, November 2017, Pages: 142-146
Received: Jun. 20, 2017; Accepted: Aug. 31, 2017; Published: Oct. 28, 2017
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Eunice Jemalel Nyavanga, Department of Social and Human Development, Faculty of Social Sciences and Technology, The Technical University of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya; Malel-Bibwob Clinical Psychologists Consultancy Limited, Nairobi, Kenya
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Mental illness including substance abuse disorders is a major concern among college student population, yet nearly half of them have no knowledge on mental health issues. In addition more than half of these students report not to have received any information on mental health or sought any help for a mental illness, causing a great magnitude of health burden. This study aims to determine factors that contribute to attitudes towards professional psychological help seeking for a mental illness. Four colleges out of the existing 20 public primary teacher colleges were conveniently sampled, and all present consenting students were recruited for the study. Two colleges formed the experimental group while the other two formed the experimental group. Baseline assessment using researcher developed demographic questionnaire, with three standardized tools of opinions about mental illness, attitudes towards professional help seeking and expectations about counseling were used to collect data. Psychoeducation was given to the experimental group, and three other evaluations using the same tools were done, one soon after the psychoeducation, third and fourth three and six months after the psychoeducation, The control group only received two other evaluations, soon after baseline and three months after baseline. This study found out that opinions about mental illness, expectations about counseling, psychoeducation, experience in teaching before coming to collage and being female gender contribute significantly to attitudes towards professional psychological help seeking for a mental illness. Main recommendation made is to include mental health education and counseling in teacher training curriculum to improve attitudes to seeking help.
Attitudes, Teacher Trainees, Mental Health, Opinions, Expectations
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Eunice Jemalel Nyavanga, Factors that Contribute to Attitudes Towards Professional Psychological Help Seeking for Mental Health Issues Among Teacher Trainees in Kenya, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 6, No. 6, 2017, pp. 142-146. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20170606.11
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