Effects of Group Psychotherapy in College Students: A Six and Twelve Month Evaluation Comparison
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 7, Issue 1, January 2018, Pages: 21-28
Received: Feb. 13, 2018; Accepted: Mar. 16, 2018; Published: Apr. 9, 2018
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Authors
Juan Antonio Mejías, Psychiatry and Mental Health Department, Faculty of Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
María Martina Jurado, Psychiatry and Mental Health Department, Faculty of Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
Silvia Araceli Tafoya, Psychiatry and Mental Health Department, Faculty of Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
Lizbeth Beltrán, Psychiatry and Mental Health Department, Faculty of Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
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Abstract
Group psychotherapy expects to afford more lasting changes on patients’ symptomatology, as well as reinforce positive aspects of self-esteem and social adjustment. However, few investigations show the effects over an extended period of intervention. This study aimed to assess changes in symptoms of anxiety, depression, self-esteem and social adjustment within a period of six and twelve months in college students who attended interactional group psychotherapy. A longitudinal study was carried out with college students who attended group psychotherapy, using the database of forty-one of the students who stayed for six months and 23 of them, for 12 months. Significant improvements were observed at 6 and 12 months in anxiety-state and depressive symptoms compared to baseline data, but there were no changes between 6 and 12 months. The comparison between well-being aspects such as self-esteem and social adaptation showed improvements mostly, up to 12 months, without any significant changes between 6 and 12 months. Also, there was observed a correlation between well-being punctuations (self-esteem and social adaptation) and the decrease of depressive and anxiety symptomatology. Long-term group psychotherapy demonstrates a decrease of symptomatology at six months of intervention, and they remain at 12 months; however, other aspects of patient’s well-being, are enhanced to a higher level until 12 months.
Keywords
Group Psychotherapy, College Students, Anxiety, Depression, Self-Esteem, Social Adaptation
To cite this article
Juan Antonio Mejías, María Martina Jurado, Silvia Araceli Tafoya, Lizbeth Beltrán, Effects of Group Psychotherapy in College Students: A Six and Twelve Month Evaluation Comparison, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 7, No. 1, 2018, pp. 21-28. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20180701.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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