Effect of Empowerment on Some Personality Traits
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 8, Issue 2, March 2019, Pages: 36-42
Received: Jul. 21, 2018; Accepted: Sep. 5, 2018; Published: Jun. 17, 2019
Views 187      Downloads 37
Authors
Laxmi Rani, Departmant of Psychology, MSKB. College, BRA. Bihar University, Muzaffarpur, India
Reshma Kumari, Department of Psychology, BRA. Bihar University, Muzaffarpur, India
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Empowerment plays important role in the development of a country& society. Empowerment is “the process of giving people the power, capacities, capability and access needed to change their own lives improve their own communities and influence their own destinies.” Empowerment is the demand of our society. This study is important for our society. Now a day; Empowerment mostly known as women empowerment; and it is necessary to define women empowerment. Empowerment refers to enabling people to take charge to their own lives. Women empowerment emphasizes the importance of increasing their power and taking control over decision and issues that shape their lives. Women Empowerment literally means is to give power to women, ‘Power’ does not means a mode of domination over others, but a sense of internal strength and confidence to face life, the right to determine ones choices in life, the ability to influence the social processes that affects one’s life, an influence in the direction of social change, a share in decision making and capacity building to contribute towards national development. The present research work was undertaken with the objectives to ascertain, that the empowerment has positive impact on the development of personality characteristics such as adjustment, intelligence, dependence proneness, dominance of the adolescents. Sample of the study consisted, 160 Adolescents of Empowered mothers compared with their 160 Un-Empowered counterparts in respective of the personality components stated above. Appropriate hypotheses were formulated to see the impact of Empowerment on personality constituents. The main purpose of this study was to examine the effects of empowerment on personality factors of adolescents of Empowered and un–empowered mothers of Muzaffarpur District (INDIA). Four major components namely Adjustment, Intelligence, Dependence proneness & Dominance were selected for this study. Results of this study indicated that theAdolescents of empowered mothers were found more adjustable, more intellectual, less dependent and more dominant than their un-empowered counterparts.
Keywords
Empowerment Un-empowerment, Dominance, Dependence Proneness
To cite this article
Laxmi Rani, Reshma Kumari, Effect of Empowerment on Some Personality Traits, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 8, No. 2, 2019, pp. 36-42. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20190802.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Across cultural perspective: J. Cross -Cultural Psychol. 6 (1), pp. 4.87. (Rev. Ed.) New York; Odyssey Abstract levels of conceptual complexity: Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Princeton University.
[2]
Agrawal, et al., (1989): Some correlate of adjustmentamongAdolescents. Ind. Pay. Abstract, Amritsar, India.
[3]
Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision.
[4]
Allport, F. H. (1924): Social Psychology, Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
[5]
Allport, G. W. (1961): Patterns and Growth in Personality, New York: Holt, Bin chart and Wionston.
[6]
Chaudhry, B. K. at., (1992)-“Sex difference and adjustment pattern”-Perspectives in Psychological Research, Azamgarh (India), Vol-15, No, 2, 68-69.
[7]
Chetlal Prasad. (2017). “A comparative study of adjustment ofprofessional and non–professional college teachers of Hazaribag district in relation to some personality correlate” (A PhD Thesis of BRA BIHAR UNIVERSITY.).
[8]
Sanjay. M. M. (1999)-“Psychological Empowerment”: Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science.
[9]
Sangeeta Purusothama,-“Empowerment of Women in India”, Sage Publications, New Delhi (1988).
[10]
Sinha J. B. P & Pandeya. J, (1972): “Processes of decision making independence proneness.”
[11]
Sinha, D. (1980): Sex differences in Psychological differentiation. Mc. Hill, p. 25.
[12]
Sulaiman, Md& Singh V. K. (1993)-“A study about the influence of gender, caste and socio-economic status, of college fresher on their adjustment score”.-Indian Journal of Psychological issues, Calcutta, Lec-1993, pp. 45-48.
[13]
Vernon, P. E. (1956): The measurement of abilities, London: University of London, Press. Vol. 1 No. 2, Dec. 1993.
[14]
Weis & Schuler, J. (1986): McGraw Hill International Editions. Psychology Series [14], Wechsler, L. (1944): The measurement of adultintelligence. Williams and Wilkin Baltimore.
[15]
Zenz, A. (2007)-“Evaluating Empowerment:” The World Vision Area Development Programme- INTERNET.
[16]
Zimmerman, M. A. (1995) “Psychological Empowerment”: Issues andIllustrations. –American Journal of community Psychology.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186