Association Between Empathy Competence and Emotional Intelligence Among Medical Undergraduates: A Cross-sectional Study
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 8, Issue 3, May 2019, Pages: 57-63
Received: Apr. 1, 2019;
Accepted: Jun. 5, 2019;
Published: Jun. 27, 2019
Views 191 Downloads 51
Lou Pengyu, College of Public Health and Management, Collaborative Innovation Center for Major Social Risk Prediction and Governance of "Healthy Shandong", Weifang Medical University, Weifang, China
Hu Jinwei, College of Public Health and Management, Collaborative Innovation Center for Major Social Risk Prediction and Governance of "Healthy Shandong", Weifang Medical University, Weifang, China
Purpose Study on the relationship between empathy competence and emotional intelligence used to provide suggestions for alleviating miscommunication that leads to misunderstandings between doctors and patients. Methods Stratified random cluster sampling was employed for questionnaires from 688 medical undergraduates in Weifang medical university (a provincial colleges and universities in Weifang City, Shandong Province, China) by means of PES and EIS. Results There were significant differences in self-regulation and emotions regulation of others between genders (P < 0.05), and there were significant differences in emotional sharing between genders (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in emotional intelligence and empathy competence among domicile (P > 0.05). There were significant differences in all dimensions of emotional intelligence except self-regulated emotion between grades (P < 0.05), and there were significant differences in emotional sharing, positive care and empathy competence among grades (P < 0.05). Medical undergraduates' emotional intelligence is positively correlated with empathy competence. Conclusion Medical colleges and universities should establish a systematic, professional and organic curriculum system of humanities and social sciences, and attach importance to the continuity of emotional intelligence and empathy training.
Association Between Empathy Competence and Emotional Intelligence Among Medical Undergraduates: A Cross-sectional Study, American Journal of Applied Psychology.
Vol. 8, No. 3,
2019, pp. 57-63.
Duan CM, Hill CE. The current State of empathy research [J]. J Couns Psychol, 1996, 43 (3): 261-274.
McMillan LR, Shannon D. Program evaluation of nursing school instruction in measuring students' perceived competence to empathetically communicate with patients [J]. Nurs Educ Perspect, 2011, 32 (3): 150-4.
Chrisman-Khawam L, Abdullah N, Dhoopar A. Teaching health-care trainees empathy and homelessness IQ through service learning, reflective practice, and altruistic attribution [J]. Int J Psychiatry Med, 2017, 52 (3): 245-254.
La Monica El, Wolf R M, Madea A R, et al. Empathy and nursing care outcomes [J]. Sch Inq Nurs Pract, 1987, 1 (3): 197-213.
Wang Juan, Li Li Li, Lin Wenjuan, et al. Empathy - a new vision for improving doctor-patient communication [J]. Medicine and Philosophy (Humanities and Social Medicine Edition), 2011, 32 (11): 25-27.
Leonard CR, Zomorodi M, Foster BB. The impact of caring: Teaching students empathy through the patient voice [J]. Creat Nurs. 2018, 24 (1): 62-66.
Wei Hua, Huang Jingtang, Shen Peihong. Study on the relationship between empathic fatigue and occupational stress and burnout among pre-hospital emergency nurses [J]. China Occupational Medicine, 2016, 43 (2): 155-160.
Zhang Ying, Mei SongLi，Xu Jun, et al. Cope with the doctor-patient relationship in predicament by psychological empathy theory [J]. Medicine and Philosophy, 2014, 35 (10): 51-53.
Yuguero O, Ramon M L, Esquerda M, et al. Association between low empathy and high burnout among primary care physicians and nurses in Lleida, Spain [J]. European Journal of General Practice, 2017, 23 (1): 4-10.
Liu Hanlong, Liu Huijun. Empathy: An Ethical Practical Approach to Reconstructing Trust Relations between Doctors and Patients [J]. Chinese Medical Ethics, 2012, 25 (3): 347-349.
Hojat M, Mangione S, Nasca T J, et al. The Jefferson Scale of physical empathy: development and preliminary psychometric data [J]. Educ Psychol Meas, 2001, 61 (2): 349-365.
LIU Hanlong, Liu Huijun. Empathy: An Ethical Practical Approach to Reconstructing Trust Relations between Doctors and Patients [J]. Chinese Medical Ethics, 2012, 25 (3): 347-349. (In Chinese).
Wagner, P. J. & Moseley, G. C. Physicians emotional intelligence and patient satisfaction. Family Medicine, 2002, 34 (10): 750-754.
SALOVER P, MAYER JD. Emotional intelligence [J]. Imag Cognperson, 1990, 9 (3): 185-211.
Abhijeet F, Gurvinder K, Rajeev S, et al. Study of emotional intelligence and empathy in medical postgraduates [J]. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 2011, 53 (2): 140-145.
Mi Yan. A study on the relationship between empathy ability and emotional intelligence of nursing interns in higher vocational colleges [J]. Journal of Community Medicine, 2016, 14 (21): 26-28.
Yuan Rongdi. Teaching experience of ophthalmology undergraduates and postgraduates [J]. Lab Med Clin, 2016, 13 (12): 1738-1739.
Jia Yanbin, Ye Mingzhi, Xiao Plan. A comparative analysis of 16 personalities of medical postgraduates and undergraduates [J]. Journal of Jinan University (Medicine Edition), 2011, 22 (2): 84-88.
XU Min, Wang Yungui. The compilation of self-assessment questionnaire on physician empathy [J]. Journal of Third Military Medical University, 2017, 39 (12): 1309-1304.
Schutte NS, MaLOUFFJM. Emotional intelligence and interpersonal relations [J]. JOC Psychol, 2001, 141 (4): 523-536.
Wang Caikang. A Study on Emotional Intelligence of Juvenile Delinquents and Its Relevant Personality Factors [J]. Chinese Journal of Mental Health, 2002, 16 (8): 566-567.
Xiao Rong, Zhang Xiaoyuan and Zhao Jiubo. The relationship between college students' sense of meaning in life and their mental health [J]. School Health in China, 2010, 31 (4): 445-446.
XIAO Jing, Wang Fei, Ge Hua, et al. Medical students' learning burnout and emotional intelligence [J]. Chinese School Health, 2013, 34 (12): 1442-1444.
ZHAO Weiyan, Li Meng, Li Qingqing. The relationship between college students' emotional intelligence and career decision-making self-efficacy [J]. Chinese Journal of Health Psychology, 2015, 23 (8): 1178-1182.
SUN Lihong. An analysis of emotional intelligence of undergraduate medical students in a medical college in Shandong province [J]. Health Vocational Education, 2017, 35 (16): 76-78.
YU Wanwan, Wang Kai, Liang Zheng. Research on the relationship between empathy and parenting styles of medical college students [J]. School Health of China, 2012, 33 (1): 28-30.
Kataoka H, Iwase T1, Ogawa H et al. Can communication skills training improve empathy? A six-year longitudinal study of medical students in Japan [J]. MedTeach, 2018, 22 (4): 1-6.
ZHAI Chunxiao, Xie Hui. Study on the correlation between emotional intelligence, empathy ability and nurse-patient communication ability of undergraduate interns [J]. Journal of Nursing Management, 2015, 15 (2): 91-93.
Wang Shengfeng, Qi Yumei. Study on the correlation between emotional intelligence and professional self-concept and job performance of community nurses [J]. Preventive Medicine, 2014, 41 (3): 459-461.