Psychological Wellbeing and Social Support Among the Geriatric Population
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 9, Issue 2, March 2020, Pages: 52-55
Received: Jun. 3, 2019; Accepted: Feb. 19, 2020; Published: May 19, 2020
Views 223      Downloads 99
Humera Shafi, Department of Psychology, University of Kashmir, Srinagar, India
Iram Paul, Department of Psychology, University of Kashmir, Srinagar, India
Shazia Sonuala, Department of Psychology, University of Kashmir, Srinagar, India
Article Tools
Follow on us
Ageing is a major transitional phase marked by stress. The present study aimed at investigating the influence of social support on the psychological well-being among the geriatric population. Social support is one of the important functions of social relationships. Social support is always intended by the sender to be helpful, thus distinguishing it from intentional negative interactions (such as angry criticism, hassling, undermining). Social support is commonly categorized into four types of behaviors (Emotional, Instrumental, Informational and Appraisal). Psychological well-being is used to describe an individual’s emotional health and overall functioning. The method of purposive sampling was used for data collection and the total sample consisted of one hundred and forty (140) individuals above the age of sixty years. Interpersonal Support Evaluation List (ISEL) developed by Cohen & Hoberman was used to assess social support and Ryff’s scale of Psychological Wellbeing was used to measure six theoretically motivated constructs of psychological wellbeing (autonomy, environmental mastery, self-acceptance, positive relationship with others personal growth and purpose in life). Data was analyzed using Pearson’s correlation coefficient. The results indicated that all the dimensions of psychological wellbeing except personal growth and purpose in life have a significant correlation with the dimensions of Social Support (tangible support, belonging support, self-esteem support and appraisal support).
Geriatric, Social Support, Psychological Wellbeing, Ageing
To cite this article
Humera Shafi, Iram Paul, Shazia Sonuala, Psychological Wellbeing and Social Support Among the Geriatric Population, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 9, No. 2, 2020, pp. 52-55. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20200902.13
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Campbell, A. (1981). The sense of well-being in America: Recent patterns and trends.
Cohen, S., & Hoberman, H. M. (1983). Positive events and social supports as buffers of life change stress. Journal of applied social psychology, 13 (2), 99-125.
Cohen, S., & Wills, T. A. (1985). Stress, social support, and the buffering hypothesis. Psychological bulletin, 98 (2), 310.
Cutrona, C., Russell, D., & Rose, J. (1986). Social support and adaptation to stress by the elderly. Psychology and aging, 1 (1), 47.
Gupta, N., (2001): Successful Ageing and its Determinants: a Study of Elderly in Kolkata, TISS, Mumbai.
Nandal, D. S., Khatri, R. S., & Kadian, R. S. (1987). Aging problems in the structural context. Aging in India, Ajanta Publications (India), New Delhi, 106-16.
Pierce, G. R., Sarason, B. R., & Sarason, I. G. (Eds.). (1996). Handbook of social support and the family. Springer Science & Business Media.
Raju, S. S. (2014). Studies on ageing in India: A review. Population Ageing in India, 180.
Ramamurti, P. V., & Jamuna, D. (1984). Psychological research on the aged in India. Journal of Anthropological Society of India, 19 (3), 269-286.
Rhodes, G. L., & Lakey, B. (1999). Social support and psychological disorder: Insights from social psychology.
Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2001). On happiness and human potentials: A review of research on hedonic and eudaimonic well-being. Annual review of psychology, 52 (1), 141-166.
Ryff, C. D. (1989). Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being. Journal of personality and social psychology, 57 (6), 1069.
Ryff, C. D., & Keyes, C. L. M. (1995). The structure of psychological well-being revisited. Journal of personality and social psychology, 69 (4), 719.
Sarason, B. R., Sarason, I. G., & Pierce, G. R. (1990). Social support: An interactional view. John Wiley & Sons.
Waterman, A. S. (1993). Two conceptions of happiness: Contrasts of personal expressiveness (eudaimonia) and hedonic enjoyment. Journal of personality and social psychology, 64 (4), 678.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186