American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 9, Issue 4, July 2020, Pages: 108-116
Received: May 19, 2020;
Accepted: Jul. 2, 2020;
Published: Jul. 22, 2020
Views 110 Downloads 47
Yang Yang, Qingdao No. 9 High School, Qingdao, China
Nianqi Ye, Shanghai Shixi High School, Shanghai, China
Tangsheng Wang, School of Marxism, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan, China
This paper mainly adopts the method of participatory observation to conduct behavioral observation and in-depth interview on a 90-year old man in nearly one and a half years. Observation records and interviews the text analysis, according to the case for the old man has a distinct personality characteristics, she end up very value personal free will and give full play to the individual, for lover, husband, daughter and other important others keep a more distant relationship, these life experiences brought her positive feelings at the same time, also makes the meaning crisis - year period of life. The conclusion is that the theory of sense of control and the positive effect of aging do not help to solve the problem of the lack of life value of the elderly in China, and only by establishing the interpersonal relationship closely related to survival and the pursuit of cultural identity in the field of life can we get an answer that meets the needs of the parties concerned.
Why Am I Alive: A Chinese Elder's Life Narrative and Searching for Life Meanings, American Journal of Applied Psychology.
Vol. 9, No. 4,
2020, pp. 108-116.
T. Wang and C. Hou.“A Topical Structure Analysis on Chinese Aging Study and Practice in the View of Culture Psychology”. In Proceedings of the Second Summit Forum of China’s Cultural Psychology, T. Xie, L. Hale, and J. Zhang, Eds. America: The American Scholars Press, 2016, (pp. 164-170).
Nanjing University, C. S. S. R. A. C. (2016). Chinese social sciences citation index. Retrieved July 15, 2016 from NJU in China: Institute for Chinese Social Science Research and Assessment. Website: http://cssrac.nju.edu.cn/index.html.
Library Wuhan University. Web of Science (including SCIE, SSCI, A&HCIM CPCI). WHU in China. [Online]. Available: http://iras.lib.whu.edu.cn/ index.html
Wang, T., & Yu, Z. (2018). The Study on Aging Psychology According to the Elderly Care under the Glocalization Perspective. International Journal of Culture and History, 4 (4), 109-113.
Wang, T, Guo, Z. & Zhang, Y. (2019). The Social Construction of the Senile Dementia Based on the Self-Statement by an 80-year Aged. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 298, 317-325.
Neugarten, B. (1996) The meaning of age: selected papers of Bernice L. Neugarten. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Wang, T., Qian, S., & Zeng, Y. (2018). A Study on the Life World of Chinese Elders with Assisted Caring by Institutions: From the Perspective of Ethnographic Psychology. Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. 7 (3), 62-68.
McAdams, D. P., Hoffman, B. J., Mansfield, E. D., & Day, R. (1996). Themes of agency and communion in significant autobiographical scenes. J Pers, 64 (2), 339-377.
Langer, E. J., & Rodin, J. (1976). Effects Of Choice And Enhanced Personal Responsibility for Aged - Field Experiment In an Institutional Setting. Journal Of Personality And Social Psychology, 34 (2), 191-198.
Rodin, J., & Langer, E. (1980). Aging Labels - the Decline Of Control And the Fall Of Self-Esteem. Journal Of Social Issues, 36 (2), 12-29.
Rodin, J., & Langer, E. J. (1977). Long-Term Effects Of a Control-Relevant Intervention with Institutionalized Aged. Journal Of Personality And Social Psychology, 35 (12), 897-902.
Wu Lin and Xing xiaoli (2009). Positive effects of attention and memory: the aging paradox and the theory of social emotional selection. Advance in Psychological Science (02): 362-369. (in chinese)
Atul Gawande (2015). The best goodbyes -- what you must know about aging and death. Hangzhou, zhejiang people's publishing house (in chinese).
Buehler, C. (1968). The general structure of the human life cycle, in C. Buehler and F. Masarik (Eds.), Human life: A study of goals in human perspective. New York: Springer Publishing CO.
Rosow, I. (1974). Socialization in old age. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press
Pierce, R. C., & Chiriboga, D. A. (1979). Dimensions Of Adult Self-Concept. Journals Of Gerontology, 34 (1), 80-85.
Brandtstadter, J., & Greve, W. (1994). The Aging Self - Stabilizing And Protective Processes. Developmental Review, 14 (1), 52-80. doi: DOI 10.1006/drev.1994.1003
Brim, G. (1988). Losing And Winning. Psychology Today, 22 (9), 48-52.
Atchley, R. C. (1991). The influence of aging or frailty on perceptions and expression of the self: Theoretical and methodological issues. In J. E. Birren and J. Lubben (Eds.), The concept and measurement of quality of life in the frail elderly (pp. 207-225). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Shulan xu, zhiping wu, zhenyun wu, changhua sun. Age differences in self-concept in adulthood. Psychological science, 1997 (04): 289-293 + 382. (in Chinese)
Wu Lanhua. The relationship between subjective well-being and self-concept in the elderly. Chinese journal of gerontology, 2010, 30 (13): 1873-1874. (in Chinese)
Research group on the health and longevity of the elderly in China. Data set on the health and longevity of the elderly in China (1998). 2000: Peking University press, p. 6. (in Chinese)