Causes of Conflict and the Role of Indigenous Conflict Resolution Mechanism Among Degodia Clan: In Case of Dollo Addo District, Somali Region, South East Ethiopia
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 9, Issue 4, July 2020, Pages: 117-123
Received: Jul. 14, 2020;
Accepted: Jul. 28, 2020;
Published: Aug. 5, 2020
Views 209 Downloads 49
Abdinasir Barre Hassan, College of Social Science and Humanities, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Jigjiga University, Jigjiga, Ethiopia
This study was conducted in Dollo Ado District with main objective of identifying the causes of conflict and the characteristic of the indigenous conflict resolution mechanism among Degodia clan of Dollo Ado district. As such, it is aimed to explore the source of conflict within the Degodia clan, identify the means of conflict resolution, its challenge as well as relation with modern institution. The study is designed qualitatively on the basis of primary source of data. The finding of the study shows that the source of conflict among Degodia clan are related to water point access, farmland, and women. Moreover, the study reveals that the Degodia clan traditional conflict resolution method remains more acceptable than the modern state law because it is easier to get the society elders than the government proceedings or it is cheaper, not time consuming with law cost. The finding of the study also shows that there are challenges faced the Degodia traditional conflict resolution strategy, which among others include financial problem and luck of support by the government locally. Finally, in order to minimize the source of conflict within the society, the study recommends that the government should work towards settling the people based on identified borders between the clans, distributing land ownerships for clan or even individuals levels, increasing access for water availability and realizing women equality with men in such as property ownership and marriage rights, to overcome the challenges faced by the traditional conflict resolution institution the government at local level or national levels should support the elders financially and in terms of training.
Abdinasir Barre Hassan,
Causes of Conflict and the Role of Indigenous Conflict Resolution Mechanism Among Degodia Clan: In Case of Dollo Addo District, Somali Region, South East Ethiopia, American Journal of Applied Psychology.
Vol. 9, No. 4,
2020, pp. 117-123.
Mengesha, A. D., S. S. Yesuf, and T. J. A. J. o. E. R. Gebre, Indigenous conflict resolution mechanisms among the Kembata society. 2015. 3 (2): p. 225-242.
Muchie, Z. and E. Bayeh, Traditional Conflict Resolution Mechanisms among Ambo Woreda Communities. Journal Political Science Publication Aff, 2015. 3: p. 1.
Miller, C. A. and M. E. King, A glossary of terms and concepts in peace and conflict studies. 2005: University for peace San Jose, Costa Rica.
Berhane, Y., Mezard, indigenous conflict resolution mechanism in northern Ethiopia: Assessing rural alamata woreda, Tigray regional state, Ethiopia. 2014: Anchor Academic Publishing (aap_verlag).
Fiseha, M., PHd Dissertation on the Topic: Traditional Conflict Management and Resolution Mechanisms: The Case of Shako People in Ethiopia. 2018, Addis Ababa University.
Gulliver, P. H., Disputes & negotiations: A cross-cultural perspective. 1979: Academic Press.
Kennedy, M., Ambivalent Indigeneity, in Striding Both Worlds. 2011, Brill Rodopi. p. 155-203.
Osi, C. J. C. J. C. R., Understanding Indigenous Dispute Resolution Processes and Western Alternative Dispute Resolution, Cultivating Culturally Appropriate Methods In Lieu Of Litigation. 2008. 10: p. 163.
Mekonnen, D., Major Features of Indigenous Conflict Resolution Mechanisms in Ethiopia. International Journal of Arts Humanities and Social Sciences (IJAHSS), 2016. 1 (1).
Brock-Utne, B., Indigenous conflict resolution in Africa: A draft presented to the week-end seminar on indigenous solutions to conflicts held at the. Oslo: University of Oslo, 2001.
Mengesha, A. D., “The Role of Sidama Indigenous Institutions in Conflict Resolution: In the Case of Dalle Woreda, Southern Ethiopia”. American Journal of Sociological Research, 2016. 6 (1): p. 10-26.
Bouh, A. M. and Y. Mammo, Indigenous conflict management and resolution mechanisms on rangelands in Somali Regional State, Ethiopia. Nomadic Peoples, 2008: p. 109-121.
Temin, J., Grassroots conflict assessment of the Somali Region, Ethiopia. CHF International, 2006.
CSA, 2007 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Somali Region. Ethiopia and Calverton, Maryland, USA: Central Statistical Agency and ICF International, 2015.
Mohamed, A. M., The role of Somali women in the search for peace. Women and peace in Africa: Case studies on traditional conflict resolution practices, 2003: p. 75-110.
Wolde, B. G., Traditional Conflict Resolution Mechanisms in Kaffa Society of Ethiopia. Üniversitepark Bülten, 2018. 7 (2): p. 128.
Gedi, A. A., Herder-farmer conflicts in the Dawa-Ganale river basin area: the case of intra-clan conflict among the Degodia Somali of Dollo Ado district in the Somali regional state of Ethiopia. Bern: NCCR North-South, 2005.
Jibril, S. M., Intra-Clan Conflict between Ida’gale and Habaryonis and the Role of Traditional Leaders in Pastoral Conflict Resolution in Aware District, Somali Region of Ethiopia. Asian Journal of Humanities and Social Studies (ISSN: 2321–2799), 2013. 1 (03).
Alemie, A. and H. Mandefro, Roles of Indigenous Conflict Resolution Mechanisms for Maintaining Social Solidarity and Strengthening Communities in Alefa District, North West of Ethiopia. Journal of Indigenous Social Development, 2018. 7 (2).
Mengesha, A. D., S. S. Yesuf, and T. Gebre, Indigenous conflict resolution mechanisms among the Kembata society. American Journal of Educational Research, 2015. 3 (2): p. 225-242.