Computer-Mediated Communication and Its Influence on Psychological Functioning
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 4, Issue 3-1, June 2015, Pages: 7-14
Received: Feb. 23, 2015; Accepted: Feb. 24, 2015; Published: Mar. 6, 2015
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Authors
Ming Sing Chai, Faculty of Social Science, Arts and Humanities, Tunku Abdul Rahman University College, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Joyce Baptist, Department School of Family Studies and Human Services, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA
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Abstract
This study applied online disinhibition effect [1] to examine perceived psychological benefits (PPB) derived from computer-mediated communication (CMC). The models examined the relationship between psychological health (loneliness, self-esteem and social anxiety) and CMC for social interaction (to seek romantic/sexual relationships and emotional/social support), compulsive internet use (CIU) and PPB derived from CMC. Group comparisons across sex were also examined. The sample included 167 (47 men and 120 women) university students from Malaysia. Results suggest loneliness, low self-esteem and social anxiety in men can help explain CIU. For women, only social anxiety explains CIU. However, group comparison indicated that socially anxious men were less likely to be compulsive Internet users. Contrary to expectation, CMC for social interaction was perceived as a negative influence to psychological functioning by men and women. Results further suggest that women’s PPB from using CMC to seek emotional/social support was significantly less compared to men’s. Bidirectional relationship was indicated only in the men’s model between self-esteem with CIU, and self-esteem and CMC for romantic/sexual relationship.
Keywords
Compulsive Internet Use, Online Disinhibition Effect, Computer-Mediated Communication, Psychological Well-Being, Loneliness, Social Anxiety, Self-Esteem
To cite this article
Ming Sing Chai, Joyce Baptist, Computer-Mediated Communication and Its Influence on Psychological Functioning, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Special Issue: Psychology of University Students. Vol. 4, No. 3-1, 2015, pp. 7-14. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.s.2015040301.12
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