Subject’s Rational Cognitive Activity in the Theory of Self-Organization and Epistemological Constructivism
International Journal of Philosophy
Volume 1, Issue 4, December 2013, Pages: 51-56
Received: Nov. 5, 2013; Published: Nov. 30, 2013
Views 3175      Downloads 139
Naira Danielyan, Department of Philosophy and Sociology, National Research Institute of Electronic Technology, Zelenograd, Moscow, 124498 Russian Federation
Article Tools
Follow on us
The author provides a comparative analysis of the approach to cognition in the theory of self-organization and radical constructivism from the position of synergy between man and nature. It is advanced the idea on the basis of radical constructivism representatives’ concepts by such authors as H. von Foerster, H. Maturana, F. Varela, N. Luhmann, F. Wallner that epistemological subject should be considered as a complex self-organizing object. Its cognitive activity takes place according to the logics of synergetic models. The author proves that cognition based on the constructive realism is the most appropriate to the modern stage of epistemology development as it cancels the opposition of constructivism and realism to some extent as the cognition process from synergetic point of view is an act of projective and constructive thinking which is open for further criticism.
Epistemological Subject, Epistemological Object, Radical Constructivism, Constructive Realism, Self Organization, Synergy, Anthropic Principle
To cite this article
Naira Danielyan, Subject’s Rational Cognitive Activity in the Theory of Self-Organization and Epistemological Constructivism, International Journal of Philosophy. Vol. 1, No. 4, 2013, pp. 51-56. doi: 10.11648/j.ijp.20130104.11
Cokolov, Sergey A. 2000. Discourse of radical constructivism. Traditions of scepticism in modern philosophy and epistemology. Munich: Phren.
Encyclopedia of epistemology and philosophy of science. 2009. Moscow: Canon+.
Foerster, Heinz von. 1985. Sicht und Einsicht. Versuche zu einer operativen Erkenntnistheorie. Braunschweig, Wiesbaden: Vieweg.
Gibson, James J. 1979. The ecological approach to visual perception. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Glasersfeld, Ernst von. 1996. Radical constructivism: a way of knowing and learning. London: Falmer Press.
Gurevich, Pavel S. 1993. Anthropological Renaissance. In Man’s phenomenon: Anthology. 3-23. Moscow: Higher School.
Kasavin, Ilya T. 2008. Constructivism as idea and direction. In Constructivism in epistemology. ed. V.A. Lectorsky. 63-72. Moscow: IPhRAS.
Lectorsky, Vladislav A. 2005. Kant, radical constructivism and constructive realism in epistemology. Questions of Philosophy 8: 11-21.
Lectorsky, Vladislav A. 2009. Realism, antirealism, constructivism and constructive realism in modern epistemology and science. In Constructivism approach in epistemology and social sciences. ed. Vladislav A. Lectorsky. 4-40. Moscow: Canon+, ROOI Rehabilitation.
Luhmann, Niklas. 1984. Soziale Systeme. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp Verlag.
Luhmann, Niklas. 1988. Erkenntnis als Konstruktion. Bern: Benteli.
Luhmann, Niklas. 1991. Soziologie des Risikos. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter.
Luhmann, Niklas. 1992. Beobachtung der Moderne. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag.
Luhmann, Niklas. 1997. Die Gesellschaft der Gesellschaft. Bd.1. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp Verlag.
Maturana, Humberto and Varela, Francisco. 1987. Der Baum der Erkenntnis: Die biologischen Wurzeln des menschlichen Erkennens. Bern, Munich: Scherz.
Ogurcov, Anatoly P. 2008. From normative Mind to communicative rationality. In Etos of science. Ed. L.P. KIyaschenko, E.Z. Mirskaya.48-86. Moscow: ACADEMIA.
Prigogine Ilya, Stengers Isabelle. 2001. Order out of chaos: Man’s new dialogue with nature. Moscow: Editorial URSS.
Shishkov, Ivan Z. 2003. Searching for new rationality: Philosophy of critical mind. Moscow: Editorial URSS.
Wallner, Fritz G. 1993. Der Konstruktive Realismus: Theorie eines neuen Paradigmas? In Grenzziehungen zum Konstruktiven Realismus. ed. G. Wallner, J. Schimmer und M. Gostazza. 12-21. Wien: WUV Universitätsverlag.
Wallner, Fritz G. 1994. Die neue Wiener Schule des Konstruktiven Realismus. In Grenzziehungen zum Konstruktiven Realismus. ed. G. Wallner, J. Schimmer und M. Gostazza. 22-35. Wien: WUV Universitätsverlag.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186