Volume 6, Issue 1, June 2018, Pages: 28-32
Received: Jun. 19, 2018;
Accepted: Jul. 13, 2018;
Published: Aug. 6, 2018
Views 1486 Downloads 193
Pedro Ramos Brandao, Department of Interdisciplinary Center for History, Cultures and Societies (CIDEHUS), University of Evora, Evora, Portugal
The Vatican's foreign policy between the two Great World Wars. The new mechanisms of foreign policy of the Vatican: The Concordats. Policies in Africa in relation to the Settler States. The relationship with the Portuguese dictator António de Oliveira Salazar. Papal diplomacy towards the NAZIS. Vatican's geopolitics has taken on a transnational and global character in a totally systematic and active way. Church in Europe would be the great purposes, eliminate the communism this is also the Salazar politic. Vatican diplomacy with the United States.
Pedro Ramos Brandao,
Vatican Policies and the “New State” in Portugal (1940-1955), History Research.
Vol. 6, No. 1,
2018, pp. 28-32.
Andrea Riccardi, Church Policies, Milan, Edizioni San Paolo, 1997, p. 25.
Manuel Braga da Cruz, New State and the Catholic Church, Lisbon, Editorial Bizâncio, 1998, p. 65.
Andrea Riccardi, Church´s Policies, p. 27.
G. Ciano, Diary 1937-1943, Milan, Milano Press, 1990, p. 163.
Andrea Riccardi, Church Policies, p. 40.
Andrea Riccardi, Church Policies, p. 25.
Cesari Constance Colonna, Urbi et Orbi – Vatican´s Geopolitics, Lisbon, Editorial Caminho, 1993, p. 39.
Cesari Constance Colonna, Urbi et Orbi – Vatican´s Geopolitics, Lisbon, Editorial Caminho, 1993, p. 46.
A. C. Von Galen, Homily of July 20, 1941, Padua, EMP, 1985, p. 131.
Pedro Ramos Brandão, Salazar - Cerejeira: the Power of the Church Lisbon, Editorial Notícias, 2002, p.
ADSS, X, May 22, 1944, p. 277.
Cesari Constance Colonna, Ob. cit, p. 57.
Andrea Riccardi, Il Vaticano e Mosca, Laterza, 1993, p. 45.
D’Ormesson Schman, Historical Archives of the Ministry of Foreign Relations, Paris, Vol. X, Ed. Saint-Siége, 1949, pp. 123-135.
Pedro Ramos Brandão, Salazar - Cerejeira: the Power of the Church, pp. 41 a 55.
Andrea Riccardi, Europe, Historical Dictionary of the Papacy, Paris, Fayard, 1944, p. 650.
Andrea Riccardi, Il Vatican and Mossa., p. 74.
Christmas speech to the Sacred College and to the Roman Prelature), December 24, 1945, in Pio XII, Discorsi e radiomessagi di Sua Santità Pio XII, T. VII, Press Poliglotta Vaticana, Vatican City, 1946, p. 309.
Andrea Riccardi, Il Vatican and Mossa., p. 80.
National Secretariat of the Apostleship of Prayer, Second Vatican Ecumenical Council, Braga, Editorial A. O., 1987, P. 57. Milão, Edizioni San Paolo, 1997, p. 25.
Mustafah Dhad, The Portuguese Massacre of Wiriyamu in Colonial Mozambique, 1964-2103, Bloomsbury, New York.