Governing: A Philosophical-historical Account for Some Modern Deficits of Public Administrations (Public Policies)
Volume 7, Issue 2, December 2019, Pages: 77-84
Received: Nov. 4, 2019;
Accepted: Dec. 17, 2019;
Published: Dec. 27, 2019
Views 81 Downloads 23
Dimitris K. Kioukias, Department of Administration of Business and Organizations, Faculty of Social Science, Hellenic Open University, Patras, Greece
In our view, who the real policy makers are as well as which the particular premises upon which a public policy is based have not been abundantly clarified. The fact that there are often plural possible alternatives available before decision on a critical issue is taken suggests the multidimensional character of public policies. Which choices shall be eventually made is a very interesting issue which merits attention. This calls for an analysis of the concrete principles governing a public issue. Quite often plural principles may be discovered around a public issue. Policy makers have then to choose among them the right one. While achievement in the respective area cannot be denied, some public policy decisions (outputs) may still leave much to be desired. Examples may be taken from numerous policy areas. The aim of this paper is to address such concerns and try to provide explanations of a classical philosophical character. To this end it rests upon such assumptions: a. Decisions are stemming from ideas represented by verbal utterances. Material conditions by themselves cannot produce such ideas, for good knowledge of a language is required. They are not irrelevant, but they are not producers. b. Principles (ideas) often clash with each other. Priorities then must be placed (rule of selecting the right principle for each case).
Dimitris K. Kioukias,
Governing: A Philosophical-historical Account for Some Modern Deficits of Public Administrations (Public Policies), History Research.
Vol. 7, No. 2,
2019, pp. 77-84.
Aristotle (2002), Rhetoric, transl. by D. Lypourlis, Thessaloniki: Zitros.
Kioukias, D. (2018), Learning and Going Further: Selected Classics and Modern Politics, Lambert Academic Publishing.
Kioukias, D. (2006), European Political Systems and Interest Groups, Athens: Sideris (in Greek), pp. 23-24.
Moulakakis, N., ed. (1997), Ancient Greek Sayings, vol. vi, Athens: Epikairotita (in Greek), p. 54.
Vidali, S. (2019), Crime and Society, Athens: EAP (in Greek).
Hart, J., “Three Approaches to the Measurement of Power in International Relations”, International Organization, no. 30.
Allison, G. (1971), Essence of Decision, Boston: Little Brown.
Owen, D. (2015), In Sickness and in Power, transl. by R. Kokoliou, Athens: To Vema (in Greek).
Churchill, W. (2010), The Second World War, ed. D. Kelly, transl. by G. Kastanaras, N. Faliro: Govostis/Kathimerini (in Greek).
Rousseau, J. J. (2005), The Social Contract in Selected Writings, London: The Collector’s Library of Essential Thinkers.
Hesse, K. (2017), The Constitution of Political Unity and Practical Harmonization, transl. by I. Koutnatzis, Athens: Papazisis (in Greek), p. 47.
Kioukias, D. (2006), European Political Systems and Interest Groups, Athens: Sideris (in Greek), pp. 72 ff.
Plato (n. d. a.), Polity, transl. into modern Greek by G. Gryparis.
Triantafyllopoulos, I. (1968), Greek Legal Systems, Athens: Sakkoulas (in Greek).
See, for example, Hobsbawm, E. (1994), Age of Extremes: The Short Twentieth Century 1914-1991, London: Michael Joseph.
Kioukias, D. (2011) “Readings in Greek Political Fiction: Methods and Relevance to the Modern Political Scientific Inquiry”, ECPR General Conference, Reykjavik (http://new.ecpr.eu/Events/PaperDetails.aspx?PaperID=8943&EventID=1.
Locke, J. in Ball, T. & Dagger, R., eds (1991), Ideals and Ideologies: A Reader, New York: Harper Collins, pp. 77-81.
Moulakakis, N., ed. (1997), Ancient Greek Sayings, vol. ix, Athens: Epikairotita (in Greek), p. 85.
Moulakakis, N., ed. (1997), Ancient Greek Sayings, vol. vi, Athens: Epikairotita (in Greek).
Kioukias, D. 2007, An Introduction to the Social States: Comparative Approaches and Practical Philosophy, Athens: I. Dideris, pp. 37-51.
Moulakakis, N., ed. (1997), Ancient Greek Sayings, vol. vi, Athens: Epikairotita (in Greek), p. 41.
Rhodes, R. A. W (1996), “The New Governance: Governing without Government”, Political Studies, 44 (4).
Aristotle (2019), Politika (Political Affairs), transl. by D. Papadis, Thessaloniki: Zitros/To Vema.
Moulakakis, N., ed. (1997), Ancient Greek Sayings, vol. vi, Athens: Epikairotita (in Greek), p. 65.