Taiwan’s Intra-Asian Trade and Migration in the 1930s
History Research
Volume 8, Issue 1, June 2020, Pages: 19-32
Received: Jan. 18, 2019; Accepted: Jan. 17, 2020; Published: Feb. 18, 2020
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Man-houng Lin, Institute of Modern History, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
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Abstract
Since the start of the 21st Century, trading relations among the East Asian countries have been and need to be strongly reinforced. By reviewing intra-Asian economic relations in the 1930s, we could see assets and load left by history to the present world. In the 1930s, Taiwan was ruled by Japan. By contrast with Hori Kazuo, a professor of Kyoto University to have touched upon the intra-Asian trade of this decade focusing upon Japan, this study depicts the intra-Asian trade and migration of this decade by focusing upon Taiwan. This paper obtains the following findings: 1. In the 1930s, Taiwan’s trade with the Northeast Asia had been vividly increased. The increase rate of trade between Taiwan and Manchukuo as well as Korea was greater than that between Taiwan and the Japan proper. Migration between Taiwan and all Asian areas in this period was in general increased, in which that to China increased most. All these increases had been made possible by the rise of Asia-Pacific navigation relative to the Asia-European navigation. 2. In this expansion of intra-Asian trade and migration, the national boundary with all these various areas for Taiwan was clearly observed rather than imagined. For example, following the treaty between Japan and Korea signed in 1910, the relation between Taiwan and Korea turned more and more from being international into being domestic. When Taiwanese products, deemed as Japanese products, were rejected in the Southeast Asia and welcome in Manchukuo and other newly Japanese conquered Chinese mainland, Taiwanese vested interest was more and more intertwined with the Japanese empire which climaxed its war victory in China by conquering Wuchang and Hankou in 1938. By contrast with the mostly labor population among immigrants from other Asian areas to Taiwan, many of the emigrants from Taiwan to these areas were rich merchants.
Keywords
Merits and Demerits of Colonization, Japanese Empire and China, Relations Among Colonies, Asia-Pacific, Peace and War in the 1930s
To cite this article
Man-houng Lin, Taiwan’s Intra-Asian Trade and Migration in the 1930s, History Research. Vol. 8, No. 1, 2020, pp. 19-32. doi: 10.11648/j.history.20200801.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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[53]
Man-houng Lin, “The Power of Culture and Its Limits: Taiwanese Merchants’ Asian Commodity Flow, 1895–1945,” in Eric Tagliacozzo and Wen-Chin Chang eds., Chinese Circulations: Capital, Commodities and Networks in Southeast Asia, Durham, N. C.: Duke University Press, 2011, pp. 305-335.
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[55]
Man-houng Lin, “Taiwan, Manchukuo, and the Sino-Japanese War,” Asian Social Science (Canadian Center of Science and Education,” vol. 7, no. 6, June 2011. This study shows that around four hundred people went to China to join the Revolutionary Alliance (Geming Tongmenghui), while many of the remaining twenty-to-thirty thousand Taiwanese citizens in China worked with the Japanese; I also argue that during the war, the destiny of the around five-to-six million Taiwanese were closely linked to those of Japan. See also: Man-houng Lin, “The Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere’: A New Boundary for Taiwanese People and the Taiwanese Capital, 1940-1945,” Translocal Chinese: East Asian Perspective (Leiden: Brill Co.), no. 11 (Oct., 2016), pp. 175-206.
[56]
Man-houng Lin, “The Survival of Economic Elites during Regime Transition: Government-Merchant Cooperation in Taiwan’s Trade with Japan, 1950-1961”, in Shigeru Akita and Nicholas J. White eds., International Order of Asia in the 1930s and 1950s: Contexts, Hypotheses and Scope, London and New York: Ashgate, 2010, pp. 275-301.
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