Since the start of the 21st Century, trading relations among the East Asian countries have been and need to be strongly reinforced. By reviewing intra-Asian economic relations in the 1930s, we could see assets and load left by history to the present world. In the 1930s, Taiwan was ruled by Japan. By contrast with Hori Kazuo, a professor of Kyoto University to have touched upon the intra-Asian trade of this decade focusing upon Japan, this study depicts the intra-Asian trade and migration of this decade by focusing upon Taiwan. This paper obtains the following findings: 1. In the 1930s, Taiwan’s trade with the Northeast Asia had been vividly increased. The increase rate of trade between Taiwan and Manchukuo as well as Korea was greater than that between Taiwan and the Japan proper. Migration between Taiwan and all Asian areas in this period was in general increased, in which that to China increased most. All these increases had been made possible by the rise of Asia-Pacific navigation relative to the Asia-European navigation. 2. In this expansion of intra-Asian trade and migration, the national boundary with all these various areas for Taiwan was clearly observed rather than imagined. For example, following the treaty between Japan and Korea signed in 1910, the relation between Taiwan and Korea turned more and more from being international into being domestic. When Taiwanese products, deemed as Japanese products, were rejected in the Southeast Asia and welcome in Manchukuo and other newly Japanese conquered Chinese mainland, Taiwanese vested interest was more and more intertwined with the Japanese empire which climaxed its war victory in China by conquering Wuchang and Hankou in 1938. By contrast with the mostly labor population among immigrants from other Asian areas to Taiwan, many of the emigrants from Taiwan to these areas were rich merchants.
Taiwan’s Intra-Asian Trade and Migration in the 1930s, History Research.
Vol. 8, No. 1,
2020, pp. 19-32.
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Taiwan's foreign exports and imports between 1906 and 1939 derived from Zhou Xianwen, Riju shiqi Taiwan zhi duiwai maoyi (Taiwan's foreign trade in the period of Japanese rule), Taiwan yinhang jikan (Quarterly of the Bank of Taiwan), vol. 9, no. 1 (Taipei: Taiwan yinhang jingji yanjiushi, 1957), p. 39, p. 50, adding the two for the total trade value. Value for trade with Japan, from the same source, pp. 39 and 50, subtracted to give a total for trade with countries other than Japan. For the total value of Taiwan's trade with northeast China see Lin Manhong, 'Taiwan yu dongbei jian de maoyi, 1932-1941' (Trade between Taiwan and northeast China, 1932-1941), Jindaishi yanjiusuo jikan (Bulletin of the Institute of Modern History, Academia Sinica), no. 24 (Taipei: Zhonyanyuan jinshisuo, June 1995), table 1.
From figures in Shengjing shibao (Shenyang: Shengjing shibao yingyin zu, 1985-1988), in 141 volumes), December 5, Shōwa 8.
From figures in Shengjing shibao, January 22, Shōwa 14.
Zhou Xianwen, Taiwan jingji shi (Economic history of Taiwan) (Taipei: Kaiming shudian, 1980), p. 624.
Figures calculated from Zhou Xianwen, Riju shidai Taiwan jingji shi (Economic history of Taiwan under Japanese rule) (Taipei: Taiwan yinhang jingji yanjiushi, 1958), pp. 137, 150, from Taiwan sheng zhujichu, Taiwan maoyi 53 nian biao (Taiwan trade statistics for the last 53 years).
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See also: Man-houng Lin, “Economic Ties Between Taiwan and Mainland China, 1860-1895: Strengthening or Weakening?” in Hao Yan-p’ing and Wei Hsiu-mei ed., Tradition and Metamorphosis in Modern China, Symposium in Commemoration of Prof. Liu Kwang-Ching’s 75th birthday, pp. 1067-1089, Taipei: Institute of Modern History, Academia Sinica, 1998. Man-houng Lin and Chung-sheng Chu, comp., The Exhibition on the First Floor of the President Office: From Governor-General Office to Presidential Office: The Story of Governor-Generals. 2nd ed. Taipei: Academia Historica, 2010, p. 69.
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Taiwan nichinichi shinpō, June 2, Shōwa 9.
After 1934, the Taiwan nichinichi shinpō mentions only the establishment of a Manchurian Consulate in Ōsaka on March 3, Shōwa 16.
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Man-houng Lin, 2019, “Culture, Market, and State Power: Taiwanese Investment in Southeast Asia, 1895-1945”, editor(s): Chi-cheung Choi, Takashi Oishi, Tomoko Shiroyama, Chinese and Indian Merchants in Modern Asia Networking Businesses and Formation of Regional Economy, pp. 258─281, Leiden: Brill..
See e.g. Prasenjit Duara, Sovereignty and Authenticity: Manchukuo and the East Asian Modern (Lanham, Boulder, New York, Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2003).
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Man-houng Lin, “Overseas Chinese Merchants and Multiple Nationality of: A Means for Reducing Commercial Risk,” Modern Asian Studies 35:4:985-1010, Cambridge University.
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Man-houng Lin, “Taiwan, Manchukuo, and the Sino-Japanese War,” Asian Social Science (Canadian Center of Science and Education,” vol. 7, no. 6, June 2011. This study shows that around four hundred people went to China to join the Revolutionary Alliance (Geming Tongmenghui), while many of the remaining twenty-to-thirty thousand Taiwanese citizens in China worked with the Japanese; I also argue that during the war, the destiny of the around five-to-six million Taiwanese were closely linked to those of Japan. See also: Man-houng Lin, “The Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere’: A New Boundary for Taiwanese People and the Taiwanese Capital, 1940-1945,” Translocal Chinese: East Asian Perspective (Leiden: Brill Co.), no. 11 (Oct., 2016), pp. 175-206.
Man-houng Lin, “The Survival of Economic Elites during Regime Transition: Government-Merchant Cooperation in Taiwan’s Trade with Japan, 1950-1961”, in Shigeru Akita and Nicholas J. White eds., International Order of Asia in the 1930s and 1950s: Contexts, Hypotheses and Scope, London and New York: Ashgate, 2010, pp. 275-301.
Anne Booth and Kent Deng, ‘Japanese Colonialism in Comparative Perspective,’ The Journal of World History, 28/1 (2017), pp. 61-98.