Research the Extinguish of the Oil and Gas Well’s Fires
World Journal of Applied Chemistry
Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2019, Pages: 7-13
Received: Apr. 16, 2019; Accepted: May 13, 2019; Published: Jun. 4, 2019
Views 223      Downloads 18
Author
Muthana Al-Jaboori, Mechanical Engineering Department, College of Higher Technology, Muscat-Sultanate, Oman
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
This research paper concerns the oil and gas well’s fires and the modern extinguishing process. We will introduce the fire thermal, chemical, and physical mechanisms on which our quenching mathematical model will be constructed based on the fire thermal parameters. The new technique involves the whole thermal sphere not only the fire visible core. Then the solution of the program was enhanced with the help of the international MATLAB program and was based on the available international fire data. Later the obtained solution shows very interesting results using the economic quenching matter and the process enhancement in optimum time. Practically we test the technique by building our own system and test it on three type of hydrocarbon fuels these are: 1- Kerosene, 2- Diesel, and 3- Benzene, the obtained results by adding clay to the sea water were very encouraging.
Keywords
Fire Size, Oil Well, Reaction, MATLAB Program
To cite this article
Muthana Al-Jaboori, Research the Extinguish of the Oil and Gas Well’s Fires, World Journal of Applied Chemistry. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2019, pp. 7-13. doi: 10.11648/j.wjac.20190401.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Muthana A M Jameel,’ Effect of solid dust on the gaseous combustion’, The University of Leeds- England (1984).
[2]
Sam M. Dawoud (Rolf Jensen & Associates), ‘Fire Protection in the Petroleum industry’; SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 11-14 November, Anaheim, California, U.S.A, Society of Petroleum Engineers (2007).
[3]
Jha U. C., ‘Armed Conflict and Environmental Damage’, Vij Books India Pvt Ltd (2014).
[4]
Coots Matthews & L. Flak; Part 9- Firefighting the mechanics of oil/gas fires, meltdown and secondary damage, water/chemical/explosive extinguishing methods and considerations for voluntary ignition. John Wrighte CO. https://www.scribd.com/document/258020746/Part-9-Fire-Fighting Date: 26-2-2018, Time: 8:37 PM
[5]
http://petrowiki.org/Oil_fluid_properties, Date: 26-2-2018, Time: 8:37 PM
[6]
Sea Water Properties; http://www.eng-tips.com/viewthread.cfm?qid=38793 Date: 26-2-2018, Time: 8:37 PM
[7]
Hiroshi Koseki.,’ Boilover and Crude Oil Fire’, Journal of Applied Fire Science 3 (3), 1-1, January 1994. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/250146201_Boilover_and_Crude_Oil_Fire Date: 11-5-2019, Time: 4:39 PM.
[8]
FaïzaAnnabi-Bergaya,’ Layered clay minerals. Basic research and innovative composite applications’, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials; Volume 107, Issues 1–2, PP: 141-148, 1 January 2008. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1387181107003113 Date: 11-5-2019; Time: 4:56 PM.
[9]
D. Drysdale,’ BASIC CONCEPTS, The Chemistry and Physics of Fire’, Part VI - General Hazards Chapter 41 – Fire, Encyclopedia of Occupational health and safety, 1974. http://www.ilocis.org/documents/chpt41e.htm Date: 11-5-2019; Time: 5:13 PM
[10]
H W. Emmons,’ The growth of fire science’, Fire Safety Journal, Volume 3, Issue 3, PP: 95-106, Published by Elsevier Ltd February 1981. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0379711281900369 Date: 11-5-2019; Time: 5:43 PM
[11]
Tapscott, Robert E,’ Next-Generation Fire Extinguishing Agent. Phase 1. Suppression Concepts’, DEFENSE TECHNICAL INFORMATION CENTER, Jul 1987. https://apps.dtic.mil/docs/citations/ADA192279 Date: 11-5-2019; Time: 5:51 PM
[12]
R. K. Eckhoff,’ Current status and expected future trends in dust explosion research’, Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, Volume 18, Issues 4–6, PP: 225-237, July-November 2005. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0950423005000756 Date: 11-5-2019; Time: 5:53 PM.
[13]
Pagni, P. J,’ Fire Physics - Promises, Problems, And Progress’, Fire Safety Science 2: PP: 49-66. doi: 10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.2-49, 1989. https://www.iafss.org/publications/fss/2/49 Date: 11-5-2019; Time: 6:05 PM.
[14]
D. X. Viegas,’ Slope and wind effects on fire propagation’, International Journal of Wildland Fire Vol. 13 (2): PP: 143-156 July 2004. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/263022309_Slope_and_wind_effects_on_fire_propagation Date: 11-5-2019; Time: 6:13 PM.
[15]
D.R. Weise; G.S. Biging,’ Effects of wind velocity and slope on fire behavior’, Fire Safety Science, Boston, MA: PP: 1041-1051, 1994. https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/34880 Date: 11-5-2019; Time: 6:19 PM.M.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186