Assessment of Human Health Risk of Potential Toxic Metals in Herbal Concoction Teas Commonly Consumed in Nigeria
World Journal of Applied Chemistry
Volume 4, Issue 3, September 2019, Pages: 35-41
Received: Aug. 31, 2019; Accepted: Sep. 20, 2019; Published: Sep. 30, 2019
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Authors
Solomon Sunday Durodola, Department of Chemistry, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Olawole Ayinuola, Department of Chemistry, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Odunayo Timothy Ore, Department of Chemistry, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Oladotun Wasiu Makinde, Centre for Energy and Research Development, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
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Abstract
Concentrations of potential toxic metals (Pb, Cr, Cu, Zn, Ni, Co, As, Fe and Mn) were determined in herbal concoction teas commonly consumed in Nigeria using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry. Results revealed that Fe had the highest concentration with a mean value of 13.136 ± 0.195 µg/g, while As had the least mean concentration (0.043 ± 0.006 µg/g). Pollution index (PI) result indicated that the teas were contaminated with Cu (PI value > 1) while it was clear of contamination by the other investigated metals. Cluster analysis showed close inter-element relationships between the investigated metals, indicating similar chemical properties and/or genetic origin. Correlation matrix showed that positive and significant correlations existed between between Zn/Cr, Ni/Cr, Co/Cr, Fe/Cu, Mn/Cu, Ni/Zn, Co/Zn, Co/Ni and Mn/Fe, indicating chemical affinity. Estimated daily intake, target hazard quotient and cancer risk showed that there was no health risk associated with the consumption of the herbal concoction teas. Relative risk indicated that the highest concern is from the levels of Co in the teas. The study concluded that consumption of the teas may not pose risk to human health at the current levels of the metals, but should be consumed moderately to prevent bioaccumulation of the metals.
Keywords
AAS, Health Risk, Herbal Concoction Teas, Pollution, Toxic Element
To cite this article
Solomon Sunday Durodola, Olawole Ayinuola, Odunayo Timothy Ore, Oladotun Wasiu Makinde, Assessment of Human Health Risk of Potential Toxic Metals in Herbal Concoction Teas Commonly Consumed in Nigeria, World Journal of Applied Chemistry. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2019, pp. 35-41. doi: 10.11648/j.wjac.20190403.12
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Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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