Synthesis and Dyeing Properties of Acid Dyes Derived from 1-amino-2-naphthol-4-sulphonic Acid
World Journal of Applied Chemistry
Volume 4, Issue 4, December 2019, Pages: 63-68
Received: Aug. 29, 2019;
Accepted: Sep. 20, 2019;
Published: Oct. 28, 2019
Views 475 Downloads 117
Olawale Olayinka Omotosho, Department of Polymer and Textile Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Umar Salami Ameuru, Department of Polymer and Textile Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Natural dyes are derived from natural sources such as plants, animals and minerals. They are mostly non-substantive and can be applied on textiles materials by using mordants. Synthetic dyes are derived from organic or inorganic compound. They are cheaper, offer a vast range of new colour and impart better properties to textile materials. Synthetic dyes are widely used in industries amongst which textile processing industries are the major consumers. Acid dyes are soluble in water and it can be permanently fixed to the fibre with the addition of a weak acid and heat. A series of acid dyes were synthesized by diazotization of 1-amino-2-naphthol-4-sulphonic acid and coupled with various naphthalene derivatives such as 1-nitroso-2-naphthol, 2-nitroso-1-naphthol, 1-naphthol, 2-naphthol and N, N-dimethyl aniline. Visible absorption spectra of the dyes were examined in distilled water, ethanol and ethanol plus few drop of concentrated hydrochloric acid. The FT-IR analysis was determined to confirm the functional group present in the synthesized dye. The dye was applied on polyamide (Nylon) fabric and the colour parameters of dyed fabrics were examined to have good exhaustion between pH 3–4.5 and more intense. After the dyeing process, the fabric was subjected to washing and light fastness. The remarkable degree of levelness and brightness of the synthesized acid dye on the nylon fabric is of good penetration, excellent affinity and very good fastness properties.
Olawale Olayinka Omotosho,
Umar Salami Ameuru,
Synthesis and Dyeing Properties of Acid Dyes Derived from 1-amino-2-naphthol-4-sulphonic Acid, World Journal of Applied Chemistry.
Vol. 4, No. 4,
2019, pp. 63-68.
Pereira, L. and Aives, M. M. Dyes; Enviromental Impact and Remediation. University of Minho, Braga, Portugal. 2012, 110-115.
Kirk-Othmer. Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, v. 7, 5th Edition. Wiley-Interscience, 2004.
Bafana A, Devi SS, Chakrabarti T. Azo dyes: past, present and the future. Environmental Reviews, 2011, (19): 350–370.
Hofenk, J. H. Graaff. The Colourful Past. Origins, Chemistry and Identification of natural Dyestuffs, London, 2004, 8-10.
Nkeoye, P. O. Introductory Textiles; for Home Economists, Students of Art and Beginners Generally. Ahmadu Bello University Press Ltd, Zaria. 2009, 47-54.
Gregory, P. The Chemistry and Application of Dyes. Plenum Press New-York. 1990, 150-187.
A. K. Samanta, P. Agarwal, Application of natural dyes on textiles, Indian Journal of Fibre and Textile Research, 2009, (34): 384–399.
Keharia, H., Patel, H., Madamwar, D. Decolorization Screening of Synthetic dyes by anaerobic methanogenic Sludge using batch decolourization assay. World Journal of Microbiology Biotechnology, 2004, (20): 365–370.
Raffi F., Hall J. D. and Cerniglia C. E. Mutagenicity of azo dyes used in foods, drugs and cosmetics before and after reduction by Clostridium species from the human intestinal tract. Food and Chemical Toxicology. 1997, (35): 897–901.
H. Keharia, D. Madamwar, Bioremediation concepts for treatment of dye containing wastewater: a review, India Journal of Experimental, 2003, (41): 1068–1075.
Dixit, B. C., Patel, H. M., Dixit, R. B., Desal, D. J. Synthesis, characterization and dyeing assessment of novel acid azo dyes and mordent acid azo dyes basesd on 2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone on wool and silk fabrics. Journal of the Serbian Chemical society, 2010, 75 (5): 605–614.
Booth, G. Dyes, General Survey. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH, 2000, doi: 10.1002/14356007.a09_073.
D. M. Nunn, the Dyeing of Synthetic-Polymer and Acetate Fibres, Dyers Co. Publications Trust, 1979.
Foris A. In: Venkataraman K, editor. NMR spectroscopy of synthetic dyes, in the analytical chemistry of synthetic dyes. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1977, 217.
Venkataraman K. The chemistry of synthetic dyes, vol. II. New York and London: Academic Press, 1952.
Szadowski J, Rzybylski C. Relationships between the structures of nitrodiphenylamine derived monoazo acid dyes and their spectroscopic and fastness properties. Dyes Pigments, 1984, (5): 49.
Mclellan JM, Somerville MA. Molecular resist compositions, methods of patterning substrates using the compositions and process products prepared there from. 2009, US 2009/0311484.
Gaspar B, Hills B, Dreyfuss PD, Nuys V. Acid azo dyes, 1948, US 2612496.
Bornengo G, Merlo F, Paffoni C. Water-soluble acid azo dye, 1980, US 4187218.
Stohr B, Nickel, H. Piperazinyl-triazinylnaphtholsulphonic acid azo dyes, 1985, US 4544737.
Ameuru, U. S. Synthesis, Characterization and the Dyeing Properties of Nitrosonaphthol Dyes on Tanned Leathers. Unpublished Thesis, Department of Textile Science and Technology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria 2009.
Aspland, J. R., Anionic Dyes and their Application to Ionic Fibre. Dyeing Nylon with Acid Dyes, School of Textiles, Clemson University, South Carolina 1993, 15-20.
Bello, K. A., Textile Chemical Processing ll. Department of Textile Science and Technology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria 2013.
Ingamells W. Colour for Textiles, A user’s Handbook. SDC, 1993, 10-11.
Silverstein, R. M. and Webster, F. X. Spectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds. 6th Edition, John Wiley and Sons, Hoboken. 1997, 71-103.