Assessment of the Invasive Alien Plant Species Mimosa diplotricha in Shebe-Sombo, Kersa and Seka-Chekorsa Districts, Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia
International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management
Volume 1, Issue 2, July 2016, Pages: 20-24
Received: Feb. 11, 2016; Accepted: Feb. 23, 2016; Published: Jun. 23, 2016
Views 3544      Downloads 84
Authors
Amare Seifu, Genetic Resources Access and Benefit Sharing Directorate, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute (EBI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Anteneh Tamirat, Genetic Resources Access and Benefit Sharing Directorate, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute (EBI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Edeget Merawi, Genetic Resources Access and Benefit Sharing Directorate, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute (EBI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Taye Birahanu, Genetic Resources Access and Benefit Sharing Directorate, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute (EBI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Abiyselassie Mulatu, Genetic Resources Access and Benefit Sharing Directorate, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute (EBI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Yibrehu Emshaw, Genetic Resources Access and Benefit Sharing Directorate, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute (EBI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Invasive Alien Species (IAS) has been causing serious threats to biodiversity which need to be addressed and studied seriously. Mimosa diplotricha is an invasive plant in some parts of Africa and has recently come to Ethiopia, particularly, in Oromia Regional State, Jimma Zone. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the impacts, trends, mode of entry, status, distribution and management practices of Mimosa diplotricha in Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia. Accordingly, an assessment was carried out in Jimma zone, Shebe-sombo, Kersa and Seka-chekorsa districts, in 72 randomly selected households in six different Kebeles (the smallest administrative unit in Ethiopia). Based on the interview and field observation, the level of Mimosa diplotricha invasion was very high and the plant was the most dominant IAS on road side in the study areas. Mimosa diplotricha was introduced to the study sites during road construction together with sand, stones and other construction materials. Almost all of the respondents (98.6%) reported that Mimosa diplotricha had no any benefit in the study areas. Most of the informants (94.5%) replied that the negative impacts of Mimosa diplotricha in the future will be very high. The result of the study showed that there was no effective action taken to control Mimosa diplotricha in the study areas. Moreover, majority of the respondents believed that collaboration among governmental, non- governmental organization and communities and effective management measures are in need in order to control the spread of Mimosa diplotricha.
Keywords
Mimosa diplotricha, Invasive Alien Species, Biodiversity and Respondents
To cite this article
Amare Seifu, Anteneh Tamirat, Edeget Merawi, Taye Birahanu, Abiyselassie Mulatu, Yibrehu Emshaw, Assessment of the Invasive Alien Plant Species Mimosa diplotricha in Shebe-Sombo, Kersa and Seka-Chekorsa Districts, Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia, International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management. Vol. 1, No. 2, 2016, pp. 20-24. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnrem.20160102.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Ephrem Tesema (2013), Livestock and irrigation value chain for Ethiopian smallholder (Live) project, Jimma Zone Field Visit Report.
[2]
Ekhator. F, Uyi. O. O, Ikuenobe. C. E and Okeke. C. O (2013) The Distribution and Problems of the Invasive Alien Plant, Mimosa diplotricha C. Wright ex Sauvalle (Mimosaceae) in Nigeria American Journal of Plant Sciences, 4, 866-877, (http://www.scirp.org/journal/ajps).
[3]
Genovesi and Shine. C. (2004) European strategy on invasive alien species Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Habitats (Bern Convention) Nature and environment, No. 137 Council of Europe Publishing French edition: ISBN 92-871-5487-2. Council of Europe Publishing F-67075.
[4]
Mohammed Worku (2010) Prevalence and distribution survey of an invasive alien weed (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) in Sheka zone, Southwestern Ethiopia African Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 5(9), pp. 922-927
[5]
Mulatu Wakjira (2010) An invasive alien weed giant sensitive plant (Mimosa diplotricha Sauvalle) invading Southwestern Ethiopia, African Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 6(1), pp. 127-131.
[6]
Napiroon. T, Sookchaloem. D, and Vajrodaya. S (2014) Effect of Lipophilic Extract from Lasia spinosa (L.) Thwaites (Araceae) on Seed Germination and Seedling Growth of the Invasive Plant Mimosa diplotricha C. Wright ex Sauvalle, Kasetsart J. (Nat. Sci.)48: 696-703.
[7]
Reddy. G. V. P., Remolona. J. E., Legdesog, C. M and McNassar. G. J (2011) Effective Biological Control Programs for Invasive Plants on Guam, Session Prospects for Weed Biological Control in Pacific Islands, XIII International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds – 2011, Western Pacific Tropical Research Center, College of Natural and Applied Sciences, University of, Mangilao, Guam 96923, USA.
[8]
Son. N. H, Nhan. H. T. T, Duyen. N. T. L, Pha. T. D, Lan. D. T. P Manh. N. H, Can. V. V(2), Long. H, Thang. N. T, Hang. L. T. T and Quang. N. H (2013) Research on Control Methods of Giant Sensitive Plant Mimosa diplotricha C. Wright ex Sauvalle (Mimosaceae) for Recovery of Biodiversity in Cuc Phuong National Park.
[9]
Space. J. C and Imada. C. T (2004). Report to the Republic of Kiribati on Invasive Plant Species on the Islands of Tarawa, Abemama, Butaritari and Maiana, Contribution No. 2003-006 to the Pacific Biological Survey U.S.D.A. Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Bishop Museum Pacific Biological Survey Department of Natural Sciences Honolulu, Hawai‘i, USA.
[10]
Taye Tessema, Ulrichs. C and Buettner. C (2003) Invasive Alien plant Species in Ethiopia: impacts, challenges and responses, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Faculty of Agriculture, Humboldt University of Berlin, Lentzealee 55/5714195 Berlin, Germany.
[11]
T-PVS (2001) Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats, Contribution to the 6th Meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice of the Convention on Biological Diversity (Montréal, 12-14 March 2001), Contribution to a European strategy on the invasive alien species issue, European section of IUCN/SS Invasive Species Specialist Group and the Directorate of Culture and Cultural and Natural Heritage, Montreal.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186