Economic Valuation of Microbial Genetic Resources: The Case of Rhizobia Bio-fertilizer in Some Regions of Ethiopia
International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management
Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2017, Pages: 38-46
Received: Jul. 28, 2016;
Accepted: Aug. 11, 2016;
Published: Mar. 24, 2017
Views 1989 Downloads 112
Zeleke W. Tenssay, Access and Benefit Sharing Directorate, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Binyam Goshu, Access and Benefit Sharing Directorate, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Anteneh Tamirat, Forest Research Institute, Ministry of Forest, Environment and Climate Change, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Girum Faris, Access and Benefit Sharing Directorate, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Follow on us
Economic valuation of microbial genetic resources was conducted in three Zones, Arsi from Oromia, East Shoa from Amhara and Wolhyta from Southern Nations Nationalities and People’s Region (SNNPR) of Ethiopia. Willingness to pay (WTP) bids to use Rhizobia bio-fertilizer for production of different legumes was calculated. The average willingness to pay for bio-fertilizer in haricot bean production was 201.76 USD (at existing exchange rate) /household/ year. When bio-fertilizer was used for faba bean production, increase by 1 hectare of land, increased the willingness to pay for bio-fertilizer by 667 USD/quintal/year. Moreover, Higher income is significantly related to higher WTP at (F=72.17, sig. = 0.000). In general the study showed that those farmers who have gained benefits from using Rhizobia biofertilizers in all the studied Sub-districts (kebels) indicated highest WTP for the bio-fertilizers in the study. There were certain factors like size of land holding, yield per hectare and herbicides that affected the total yield and thereby the WTP. Although there might be other factors that contributed for yield increases of the leguminous plants in the studied area, it may be possible to conclude that the benefit from the use of the bio-fertilizer was significantly higher compared to those gains obtained without using bio-fertilizers. Despite that there has been certain controversy on methodological issues involving willingness-to-pay, the support of WTP in determining the economic value of genetic resources widely increased. Thus the current economic value estimate of the rhizobia bacteria may be indicated by the WTP of the studied farmers.
Microorganism, Genetic Resources, Economic Valuation, Willingness to Pay, Rhizobia, Biofertilizer
To cite this article
Zeleke W. Tenssay,
Economic Valuation of Microbial Genetic Resources: The Case of Rhizobia Bio-fertilizer in Some Regions of Ethiopia, International Journal of Natural Resource Ecology and Management.
Vol. 2, No. 2,
2017, pp. 38-46.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Edward, S., Demissie, A., Bekele, T. and Haase, G. (1999). Forest genetic resources conservation: Principles, strategies and actions, Proceedings of the national forest genetic resources conservation strategy development workshop, January 21-22, 1999, Addis Ababa Ethiopia.
Wooyoung, C., Doohyun B. and Hong, S. (2008). Economic valuation methods of biodiversity. Environ. Eng. Res. 13: 41-48. 13.
Masahiro M. . Economic value of Microbial resources. Microbial Cult. Coll. Pp: 15-19.
Secretariat of the convention on biodiversity (1992). Convention on Biodiversity. 5 July, 1992, Rio Dejenero.
Mmbaga, G. W., Mtei, K. M, Ndakidemi, P. A. (2014). Extrapolations on the use of Rhizobium inoculants supplemented with phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) on growth and nutrition of legumes. Agricultural Sciences, 5: 1207-1226.
Chianu, J. N., Huising, J., Danso, S., Okoth, P. and Sanginga, N. (2010). Financial Value of Nitrogen Fixation in Soybean in Africa: Increasing Benefits for Smallholder Farmers. Journal of Life Sciences, 4: 934-7.
World federation for culture collection (WFCC) (1998). The economic value of microbial genetic resources: paper presented at the eighth international symposium on Microbial Ecology. Halifax, Canada.
Desmeth, P., Kurtböke, I. and Smith, D (2009). Tools to implement the Nagoya Protocol on Access and benefit sharing (ABS) in microbiology. An intrinsic preoccupation of the WFCC http://www.wfcc.info.
Shiferaw, B., Jones, R., Silim, S., Teklewold, H. and Gwata, E. (2007). Analysis of production costs, market opportunities and competitiveness of Desi and Kabuli chickpeas in Ethiopia. IPMS Working Paper 3. ILRI, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Pp: 1-48.
Bejiga, G., Eshetu, M. and, Anbese, Y. (1996). Improved cultivars and production technology of chickpea in Ethiopia. Research Bulletin No. 2. Debre-Zeit, Ethiopia: Debre- Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Alemaya University of Agriculture. P, 60.
Diwakar, P. and Fred, J. (2009). Valuation of Crop genetic resources in Kaski, Nepal: Farmers Willingness to Pay for Rice Land Races Conservation, J. Environ Mangt. 90: 483-91.
CSA (2015). Agriculture Sample Surveys www.csa.gov.et/index.php/about-us/8-home
Agricultural Knowledge Learing Documentation and Policy Project (AKLDP) (2016). Improving Crop Yields in Ethiopia: Early Impacts from Rhizobia inoculated legume seed.. Technical Brief Feb 2016.