Humanities and Social Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014, Pages: 65-74
Received: May 9, 2014;
Accepted: May 22, 2014;
Published: May 30, 2014
Views 3026 Downloads 150
Sribas Goswami, Assistant Professor in Sociology, Serampore College, Dist- Hooghly, West Bengal, India, PIN-712201
A slum is a compact area of overcrowded population, poorly built congested dwelling condition, unhygienic environment usually with inadequate infrastructure and lacking in proper sanitary and drinking water facilities. Living conditions in slums have a direct impact on people’s health. One of the major challenges that face urban planners globally is the proliferation of slums in urban areas and the host of health hazards that they bring along with their wake. However, the prolific spread of slums has been a rampant problem in urban areas worldwide. Eventually, the extent and spread of slums in India not only help us to recognize that they are not anomalous and pathological phenomena on the urban landscape but also a manifestation of urban poverty that is still predominant in the urban economy. This study is an attempt to unfold the underlying problems of development of slums.
The Hidden Transcripts of the Slums, Humanities and Social Sciences.
Vol. 2, No. 3,
2014, pp. 65-74.
Abrams, C 1964. “Man’s Struggle for the Shelter in an Urbanizing World”, M.I.T Press, Cam-bridge.
Banerjee, B 1986. “Rural to Urban Migration and the Urban Labor Market”, Hi-malaya Publishing House, Delhi.
Baker, J. 1995. ‘Survival and accumulation strategies at the rural-urban interface in north-west Tanzania: Urban poverty: Characteristics, causes and consequences’, Environment and Urbanization, IIED Vol. 7 No 1.
Desai, A.R & Pillai S.D, 1970. “Slums and Urbanization”, Popular Prakashan, Bombay.
Goswami, S and Manna, S, 2010. “Social aspects of environment: A study of slums of Raipur city”, Man and Life, January-June Vol-36 1&2, Bidisha, India.
Khan, M. H and Kraemer, A. 2008. “Socio-economic factors explain differences in public health-related variables among women in Bangladesh: A cross-sectional study” (BMC Public Health. 2008; 8: 254. Published online 2008 July 23.
Lewis, O. 1966. ‘La Vida’. Random House, New York, Vol-421.
Mitra, A. 1994. “Urbanization, Slums, Informal Sector Employment and Poverty: An Exploratory Study”, B. R. Publishing Corporation, Delhi.
Ramachandra, P 1970. “The slums: A note on facts and solution in slums cities of Madhya Pradesh”. Popular Prakashan, Bombay.
Saxena, M.H 1987. “The problem of slums in small towns: A case study of Shrirangapur”, Concept Publishing Company, New Delhi.
Shetty, S.L (2003). “ Growth of SDP and Structural Changes in State Economies: Inter-State Comparisons”, EPW, Vol. 38, No 49, December 6, pp5189-5200
Shaban, A (2002). “Growth and Disparities of Incomes Across States”, Man and Development, Centre for Research in Rural and Industrial Development, Chandi-garh.
Singh, Nirvikar, L. Bhanadari, A, Chen and A. Khare (2003). “Regional Inequality in India: A Fresh Look”, EPW,Vol 38, No 11, March 15, pp 1069-1073
Sundaram, K and Ten-dulkar S.D (2003). “Poverty in India in the 1990s”, EPW, Vol. 38, No 14, april 5, pp 1385-1394.
Sundar, R and Sharma (2002). “A Morbidity and Utilisation of Healthcare Ser-vices: A Survey of Urban Poor in Delhi and Chennai” Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 37, No. 47.
Verma, G. D.2002. ’Slumming India: A Chronicle of Slums and Their Saviours’, Penguin Books India.
Wasserman, S and Faust, K 1994. “Social Network Analysis”, Cambridge”, U.K.
Wratten, E 1995. “Urban poverty: characteristics, causes and consequences’, Environment and Urbanization”, ‘Conceptualizing urban poverty’ in IIED, Vol. 7 No 1.
World Food Programme (WFP) (2002). “Food Security Assessment in Bangladesh, Issues and Implications for Mapping Food Insecurity and Vulnerability, Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping”, Bangladesh.