Human Factors and Child’s Safety: A Review of Charitable Children’s Institutions in Kisumu Municipality, Kenya
Humanities and Social Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 1, January 2015, Pages: 47-56
Received: Jan. 26, 2015; Accepted: Jan. 30, 2015; Published: Feb. 6, 2015
Views 3136      Downloads 160
John Okello Weda, Department of Education and External studies, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
Anne Wambui Mwangi, Department of Education and External studies, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
Article Tools
Follow on us
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence human factors of Charitable Children’s Institutions on child safety in Kisumu Municipality, Kenya. The objectives of this study were, to examine the extent to which staff competency and staff commitment in a charitable children’s institution influence their safety, to assess how staff competencies in charitable children’s institutions influence child safety. This study was conducted through descriptive survey design methodology. It employed stratified sampling, simple random sampling and purposive sampling techniques. The main tools for collecting data included questionnaires, and interview schedule. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and findings presented in tables. Key findings of the study indicate that Charitable Children’s Institutions in Kisumu Municipality are able to provide the children with meals at least three times a day though some lack health and nutrition programs. Most have not fully embraced children’s rights specifically on the right of participation. Their children have diminished opportunities for their psychosocial needs to be met and are not prepared to cope with disasters like fire. The majority of the children were happy with the services they receive from the staff who were widely experienced in their work. However professional staff in all areas of service is missing in these institutions. Some institutional policy statements that were meant to protect the wellbeing of the children were taken for granted by staff and management. Psychosocial needs of the children should be addressed by providing opportunities for quality interaction among the children and with professional children workers. Disaster preparedness plan that include practical drills with the children must be in place. Staffs must be adequate, competent and experienced.
Human Factors, Charitable Children’s Institutions, Kisumu Municipality
To cite this article
John Okello Weda, Anne Wambui Mwangi, Human Factors and Child’s Safety: A Review of Charitable Children’s Institutions in Kisumu Municipality, Kenya, Humanities and Social Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2015, pp. 47-56. doi: 10.11648/j.hss.20150301.16
Action Aid (2007) Children’s Act 2001 and UNCRC, popular version, Kenya Alliance for advancement of children.
ANPPCAN. (1995) Hearing on street children in Kenya, Report on hearing held in Nairobi, 4 and 5 November 1994
Biemba G. et al. (2009) Kenya Research Situation Analysis on Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children , Boston University Center for Global Health, and Development, Massachusetts in collaboration with University of Nairobi Institute for Development Studies. Nairobi, Kenya
Bose (2006)Modern Encyclopedia of Disaster and Hazard Management, Rajat Publications, New Delhi, India
Care Reform Initiative (2008), Orphans and Vulnerable Children. Retrieved from the website of CRI Ghana 14th Feb 2011 at 10:55 p.m.
Catron C. (2006), Dreams of Kisumu 14th Feb 2011 at 10:35 p.m.
Centre for Sharing (2007) KisumuSLSReport Retrieved from the website of centre for sharing 07.htm 12th Feb 2011 at 11:35 a.m.
Clerical Whispers (2009) Church on the defensive over Father Kizito saga: Retrieved from the website of Clerical Whispers no 5th March 2011 at 1:03 p.m. n-defensive-over-father-kizito.html
Cole G., (2004) Management Theory and Practice, BookPower/ELST 6th Edition, London, England
Cotton A. (2008) protection policy, Retrieved from the website of Social edge in Feb 2011 hild-protection-policy 14th Feb 2011 at 8:20 p.m.
Cox B. C. and Marks J., (2007) This Immoral Trade, Slavery in the 21st Century,WorldAlive Publishers LTD. Nairobi, Kenya.
DCF, (2002)Children's Homes or Similar Institutions, Residential Treatment Facilities, Group Homes, and Temporary Shelters.Retrieved from the website of DFC At 878 on 4th March 2011 at 2:33 p.m.
Ennew, J. 1994. Street and working children: a guide to planning development (Manual 4) London: Save the children.
Gary D., (2008).Human Resource Management,2nd edition. Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, India.
Gilbert, D. (1998). The American class structure: In an age of growing inequality. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Press
GOK, (2005) Guidelines and checklist for inspection of Charitable Children’s Institutions.
GOK, (2011).Children and Social Development. Ministry of Gender
Hooghiemstra P., Amsterdam sex abuser worked in Kenya orphanagePublished on: 15 December 2010 - 5:46pm, Radio Netherlands world
Jupp V. (2006) The Sage Dictionary of Social Research Methods, Sage publications ltd. London, England
Kirk, J., & Miller, M. L. (1986).Reliability and validity in qualitative research. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications.
Kothari C. R. (2004) Research Methodology, Methods and techniques, 2nd edition, New age techo press, New Delhi
Lusk, M.W. (1989) “Street Children Program in Latin America”. In: The journal of Sociology and social welfare, 16(1), March
Maslow A.H., (1943) Atheory of Human Motivation, Psychological Review,
Microsoft Corporation (2005) Care and Protection, Microsoft Encarta Premium Suite.
Mushenga(1976)Crime and Deviance, an introduction to criminology, East African Literature Bureau, Nairobi, Kenya.
Nachmias C. F. and Nachmias D, (2005) Research Methods in the Social Sciences, 5th Edition, Arnold, London.
Osemwegie, Adesuwe. (1998) Street Children in Lagos. UNDP/UNCHS/World Bank Urban Management Programme Regional Office for Africa.
Osoo W. Y. and Onen D.A (2005) General Guide to Writing Research Proposal and Report. Options press. Kisumu, Kenya.
Ouma G. W. (2004) Education for street children in Kenya: the role of the Undugu Society. International institute of education planning, Paris.
Peter, C.B, (1994) A giude to Academic Writing, A.M.C.E.A
Gaba Publications, Eldoret-Kenya
Prewitt, (1975) Introductory Research Methodology, East African Application, Institute of Development Studies, University of Nairobi, Kenya.
Rukwaru M. (2007) Fundamentals of Social Research Eureka Publishers, Meru Kenya.
Sapsford R. (2007) Survey Research, Sage Publication LTD, London, England
Shanghai Star, (2001) Ramadan brings charity to Egypt's orphans (12/13/2001).
Singh K. (2007) Quantitative Social Research Method, Sage publications LTD. London England
Smet P. (2010), Massive child abuse at Amsterdam day care centersPublished on: 13 December 2010 - 12:42pm, Radio Netherlands world wide
SOS (2007) Family Strengthening ProgramToolkit for region of Southern Africa II
Stanfield and Bwibo, (2005) Child Health 3rd Edition, The African Medical and Research foundation, Nairobi, Kenya
Suda C. A. (2001) The Invisible Child Worker in Kenya: The Intersection of Poverty, Legislation and Culture. Nordic Journal of African Studies 10(2): 163-175
UNICEF (2001) Profiting from Abuse, an investigation into sexual exploitation of our children, New York, USA.
UNICEF (2005) Early Marriage, a harmful traditional practice, New York, USA.
UN HABITAT (2005) Kenya slum upgrading program, Situational analysis for informal land settlements in Kisumu, Kenya.
UNEP, (2007) Competencies Retrieved from the website of UNEP February 14th Feb 2011 at 1:02 p.m.
Price, A. (2011). Human Resource Management. New York, Cengage Learning.
Rhoades, L., Eisenberger, R.,&Armeli, S.(2001). Affective Commitment to the Organization: The Contribution of Perceived Organizational Support. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86(5), 825-836.
Sultana, A., Irum, S., Ahmed, K., &Mehmood, N.(2012). Impact of Training on Employee Performance: A Study of Telecommunication Sector in Pakistan, Interdisplinary. Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, 4(6), 646-661.
Lee, W. (2010). The Relationship between Job Characteristics and Job Satisfaction Toward Affective Commitment; The Case of Engineers in SepakatSetiaPerunding SDN BHD. Unpublished MBA Project, University Sains Malaysia.
Coetzee, M. (2005). The Fairness of Affirmative Action: An Organizational Justice Perspective. Unpublished PHD Thesis, University of Pretoria.
Beck, K., & Wilson, C. (2000). Development of affective organizational commitment: A crosssequential examination of change with tenure. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 56(1), 114–136.
Mahony, D., Klimshak, M., & Morrell, D.(2012). The Portability of Career-Long Experience: Propensity to Trust as a Substitute for valuable Work Experience. Career Development International, 17(7), 606-625.
Condrey, S.(2010). Handbook of Human Resources Management.Oxon, John Wiley & Sons.
Armstrong, M., &Murlis, H. (2007).Reward Management: A Handbook of Remuneration Strategy and Practice. London, Kogan Page Limited.
Amany. (1999) Other families, Al-Ahram Weekly (5/1999).
Action for Child Protection (May 2008). A Brief History of Child Safety Intervention Retrieved August 2008 from Action for Child Protection web site.
Free Dictionary (2010). Playing field. Retrieved February 2011 from free dictionary website 14th Feb 2011
Réhab E., (11/2002).A Child by Any Other Name.Egypt Today (11/2002).
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186