Homorganic Nasal Assimilation in Arsi-Bale Afan Oromo: A Non-Linear Phonology
Humanities and Social Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2015, Pages: 140-148
Received: Aug. 22, 2014; Accepted: Sep. 17, 2014; Published: Jul. 2, 2015
Views 8075      Downloads 159
Tilahun Negash, College of Social Sciences and Humanities, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
This paper is entitled: “Homorganic nasal assimilation in Arsi-Bale Afan Oromo: A non linear Approach”. The paper is limited to nasal assimilation found in one of the Afan oromo (AO) dialects spoken in Ethiopia. The dialect is a member of the AO language cluster, which belongs to East-Cushitic branch of Afro-Asiatic super family. The study attempts to use Feature Geometry branched from the theory of Autosegmental Phonology proposed by Goldsmith (1976). The paper is basically based on the fieldwork in Arsi, one of the Zones in Oromia Regional State of Ethiopia. The data were gathered from five native speakers of Arsi-Bale Afan Oromo (ABAO) who were born in Arsi regional state of Ethiopia. The informants were made to gather those words and sentences that contain nasal sounds. They were made to repeat the words and sentences several times in different order and the data were recorded by using an audio tape recorder for analysis. Then, the pronunciations were transcribed phonemically and phonetically using the IPA conventions as revised to 2005. The results show that the /n/ in emphatic prefix {hin-} and word internally undergoes partial and total assimilation. When the alveolar /n/ in the prefix boundary or word internally is followed by a word with initial stops /b/, /m/, /g/, /k/ ejective /k’/, fricative /f/, and liquids /l/, /r/, the partial homorganic nasal assimilation occurs and the nasal /n/ totally assimilates to the semi-vowels /w/ and /j/.
Afan Oromo, Assimilation, Feature Geometry, Autosegmental Phonology
To cite this article
Tilahun Negash, Homorganic Nasal Assimilation in Arsi-Bale Afan Oromo: A Non-Linear Phonology, Humanities and Social Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2015, pp. 140-148. doi: 10.11648/j.hss.20150304.13
Al-Shuaibi A. 2011. Nasal Homorganic Assimilation Phenomenon in YTD: An Autosegmental Analysis. In Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow. V. 11
Bender, M.L. Mulugeta Etaffa and Stinson, D.L. 1976. In Bender et al (eds) Language in Ethiopia . London: Oxford University Press.
Banti, G. (2008). “Oromiffaa”. In S. Uhlig (ed.). Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, ,Wiesbaden:Otto Harrassowitz.
Clements, George N. (1985). The Geometry of Phonological Features, Phonology 2: 225-252.
Campbell , George L. and King , Gareth. (2013). Compendium of the World’s Languages. USA. Third Edition. V.I
Feda, Negese. (2015). Classification of Oromo Dialects: A Computational Approach. International Journal of Computational Linguistics (IJCL), Volume (6) : Issue (1) : 2015
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Population Census Commission. 2008. Summary and Statistical Report of the 2007 population and Housing census. Addis Ababa.
Goldsmith, John A. 1976. Autosegmental Phonology. Ph.D Thesis. MIT.
Goldsmith, John A. 1990. Autosegmental and Metrical Phonology. Cambridge, Blackwell.
Gragg, G. 1976. Oromo of Wallaga. In Bender, M.L. et al (ed). The Non-Semitic Languages of Ethiopia. East Lansing: Africa Studies Center. Michigan: Michigan State University Press. PP. 166-195
Gragg, G. 1982. Oromo Dictionary, Bender et al. (eds.), and East Lansing: The African Studies Center, Michigan State University.
Halle, Morris. 1989. The Intrinsic Structure of Speech Sounds. Ms., MIT, Cambridge, Mass.
Heine, Bernd 1981.The Waata Dialect of Oromo. Grammatical Sketch and Vocabulary. Published as Volume of Language Berlin .
Jeylan W. Hussien. (2005). “The Functions of African Oral Arts: The Arsi Oromo Oral Arts in Focus.” In African Study Monographs, 26(1): 15-58, March
Kebede Hordofa. (1991). “A Contribution to the Dialectology of Afaan Oromoo: Consonantal Suffix Conjugation after the Glides” In Proceedings of the 11th ICES (Addis Ababa 1991) Vol. I, pp. 501-513. Addis Ababa.
Kebede Hordofa. (2005). “The Varieties of Oromo.” ELRC, W Pap. AAU: AAU Printing Press. 1(1): 134-150
Kebede, H. (2009). Towards the Genetic Classification of the Afaan Oromoo Dialects. Published PhD Thesis, Department of Linguistics and Scandinavian Studies: The University of Oslo, Norway.
Lloret Romanyach, Maria-Rosa. (1994). “A Comparative Study of Consonant Assimilation in Some Oromo Dialects.” Ms. A paper presented at the 3rd International Symposium on Cushitic and Omotic Languages, Berlin.
McCarthy, John J. (1988). Feature geometry and Dependency: A Review, Phonetica 45: 84-108.
Mindaye, Abebe 2005. The Oromo of Bale: A historical survey to 1974. Unpublished M.A. Thesis Addis Ababa University. Addis Ababa
Sagey, Elizabeth (1986). The Representation of Features and Relations in Nonlinear Phonology. PhD dissertation, MIT. [published 1990 by Garland Press].
Youssef, Islam. 2013. Place Assimilation; Contrasts, Features and Constraints. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Tromsø.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186