The Potential Contribution of Ethiopian Diaspora in Development: The Presenting Absent Partners
Humanities and Social Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2017, Pages: 14-25
Received: Dec. 22, 2016; Accepted: Jan. 3, 2017; Published: Feb. 21, 2017
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Author
Tariku Raga Lencho, Department of Political Science and International Relations, Dire Dawa University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
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Abstract
This day, it seems that there is a general consensus among scholars and policy makers that Diaspora could play paramount roles in enhancing development processes to alleviate poverty in developing countries like Ethiopia. This study aimed to elicit the potential roles of Ethiopian diaspora in promoting the country’s development. Eventhough numerous scholarly works exist on Diaspora related issue, there were no literatures concerning the potential roles of Ethiopian diaspora in accelerating the country’s development efforts. This paper attempts to highlight: (i) the potential roles of Ethiopian Diaspora in the promotion of the country’s development (ii) important initiatives taken by the government to draw the Diaspora to participate in enhancing the development endeavors of the nation and (iii) the factors hindering the diaspora not to participate in the country’s development. The study uses different government proclamations/official documents/, other literatures and personal reflections to examine the potential roles of Ethiopian diaspora in enhancing country’s development. Overall, despite the fact that the government has made some initiatives and/or efforts to attract the diaspora to the country, there are factors which obstruct their return to the country such as lack of political and economic environments like execution capacity, inefficient government bureaucracy, weak institutions and corruption, lack of good governance at the grass root level and strong political commitment to democratize the state on behalf of the government. More than any other issue, building a democratic political culture at home is an important prerequisite for the return of Diaspora. In this regard, Ethiopia needs to create an enabling environment and establish strategic collaborations and partnerships with all its Diasporas.
Keywords
Development, Diaspora, Ethiopia, Poverty Alleviation
To cite this article
Tariku Raga Lencho, The Potential Contribution of Ethiopian Diaspora in Development: The Presenting Absent Partners, Humanities and Social Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2017, pp. 14-25. doi: 10.11648/j.hss.20170501.14
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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