Effect of the National Health Insurance Scheme on Community-Based Health Planning and Services in the Vieri Zone of Wa West District of Ghana
Humanities and Social Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2017, Pages: 31-45
Received: Jan. 23, 2017; Accepted: Feb. 9, 2017; Published: Mar. 4, 2017
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Authors
Kanlisi Kaba Simon, Department of Governance and Development Management, Faculty of Planning and Land Management, University for Development Studies, Wa Campus, Ghana
Issaka Abdul-Hakim, Department of Planning and Land Management, Faculty of Planning and Land Management, University for Development Studies, Wa Campus, Ghana
Faustina Akwetey, Department of Planning and Land Management, Faculty of Planning and Land Management, University for Development Studies, Wa Campus, Ghana
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Abstract
Ghana launched the Community-based Health Planning and Services (CHPS) initiative in the year 2000 in furtherance of the ideals of primary health care. The CHPS strategy was adopted by the MOH as a national programme to bridge the gap in access to healthcare. It provides for a Community Health Officer (CHO) to be resident in a community and with the help and support of the community members, to render some basic packages of PHC especially preventive services including home visiting, educational programmes and other health promotion activities and not sedentary clinical services at the health facility. With the introduction of the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS), which is a form of Health care financing in order to serve as a conduit for providing financial access to health care. This has perceptively resulted in an increase in out-patient attendance at all facilities especially CHPS facilities. This tended to constrain the CHOs from embarking on their mandated task of home visitation, educational programmes and other health promotion packages. It is against this background that this research work has been carried out to ascertain why the focus of CHPS is shifting from a preventive to a curative approach. The methodology adopted was a case study using a before and after approach to make comparison of the preventive health care activities of the CHO before and after the introduction of NHIS as well as access of people to the Vieri CHPS compound. Simple random sampling was used to select 165 households who were interviewed. We purposively sampled CHOs, the Community Health Management Committee (CHMC) and Community Health Volunteers (CHVs) who have in-depth knowledge on the operations of the CHPs. The study revealed that the frequency of household visitation and the educational programmes organized by the CHOs have declined. This is due to the net effect of NHIS on the facility and the CHOs due to increased attendance at the facility. This did not only negatively affect the activities that the CHOs are supposed to carrying out but also on the health infrastructure. The study also revealed various challenges faced by CHMCs and CHVs.
Keywords
Health, Care, Effects, National, Health, Insurance, Scheme, Community-Based, Health Planning Services
To cite this article
Kanlisi Kaba Simon, Issaka Abdul-Hakim, Faustina Akwetey, Effect of the National Health Insurance Scheme on Community-Based Health Planning and Services in the Vieri Zone of Wa West District of Ghana, Humanities and Social Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2017, pp. 31-45. doi: 10.11648/j.hss.20170501.16
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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