A Traditional Approach Towards Identification and Evaluation of the Components of Verbal and Nonverbal Communications in the Tea Houses of Tabriz
Humanities and Social Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 4, July 2017, Pages: 130-137
Received: Apr. 24, 2017; Accepted: May 8, 2017; Published: Jun. 21, 2017
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Authors
Gholamreza Azari, Department of Communication Sciences, Islamic Azad University of Central Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Mehran Samadi, Department of Communication Sciences, Islamic Azad University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
Esmaeil Jafari, Department of Communication Sciences, Islamic Azad University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
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Abstract
Communication is one of the main activities of human beings through which they can convey their needs and messages to each other and also understand what others need or want and do. Of course, this is not fulfilled merely through verbal and written activities; but behavioral activities including both verbal and nonverbal elements (vocals), speech tones, and sounds play essential roles. Hence, the main objective of this study is to identify and then evaluate the components of verbal and nonverbal communications in the tea houses (traditional cafés) of Tabriz, a city in northwestern Iran. To achieve this aim, the data collection was conducted through interview and observation. The population of the study included all the tea houses and their customers scattered in Tabriz. Then cluster sampling method was used and all the tea houses were divided into 3 main groups of overcrowded, medium and low-crowded. Accordingly, 4 tea houses were selected from each of these groups and the samples were chosen randomly. Furthermore, this study emphasizes Habermas’s theory of the Public Sphere and Albert Mehrabian’s verbal and nonverbal communications. The findings suggest that there is no significant difference between verbal and nonverbal communications in the tea houses of Tabriz, though nonverbal communications enjoy relative independence and also act as supplementary to verbal communications. Meanwhile, the results indicate that the functions of tea houses have changed and their role has faded.
Keywords
Tea House, Verbal Communication, Nonverbal Communication, Habermas
To cite this article
Gholamreza Azari, Mehran Samadi, Esmaeil Jafari, A Traditional Approach Towards Identification and Evaluation of the Components of Verbal and Nonverbal Communications in the Tea Houses of Tabriz, Humanities and Social Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2017, pp. 130-137. doi: 10.11648/j.hss.20170504.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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