Do Not Close My School: Facebook, Occupations and Demonstrations for Promoting Social Change
Humanities and Social Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 6, November 2017, Pages: 222-229
Received: Oct. 17, 2017; Accepted: Nov. 10, 2017; Published: Dec. 15, 2017
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Fernando Rezende da Cunha Júnior, Department of Research and Theory in Education, Faculty of Behavioural and Movement Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Monica Ferreira Lemos, Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Centre for Research on Activity, Development and Learning, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
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This article describes how secondary education students from the state of São Paulo, Brazil, protested against the closure of ninety-four schools of public educational system. The movement named ‘Do not close my school’ was a combination of online protest, using Facebook pages, occupy-type protest, in which students occupied more than 200 schools, and demonstrations, which occurred in different cities of the state. It was a movement organized by the students, with no official support of school managers, and lasted more than two months. We analyse the activities involved in the ‘Do not close my school’ movement under a Cultural-Historical Activity Theory framework, and we discuss how the concept of collaborative agency is important for the development of such a protest. As data, we use the content of pages on Facebook from fifty-six groups related to the school occupation and 111 official pages, also on Facebook, from the schools. We performed a multimodal and network analysis of the data in order to understand how the movement developed which results were obtained by the students. Our findings suggest that by acting collaboratively students were able to reach satisfactory results from their protests. In addition, they expanded the activities in their groups on Facebook to other contexts, like organizing events in their schools or using them for other social movements.
Occupation, Online Communication, Collaborative Agency, Students’ Movement
To cite this article
Fernando Rezende da Cunha Júnior, Monica Ferreira Lemos, Do Not Close My School: Facebook, Occupations and Demonstrations for Promoting Social Change, Humanities and Social Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2017, pp. 222-229. doi: 10.11648/j.hss.20170506.15
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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