Humanities and Social Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 3, May 2018, Pages: 97-102
Received: May 27, 2018;
Accepted: Jun. 19, 2018;
Published: Jul. 11, 2018
Views 392 Downloads 36
Lan Ma, Jiangsu Provincial Academy of Social Sciences, Nanjing, P. R. China; School of Social and Behavior Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing, P. R. China
The basic endowment insurance system for enterprise employees has already covered migrant workers in China. However, a number of migrant workers have withdrawn from insurance system in economically developed regions in recent years. And the number is on the rise. The root cause for it lies in the institutional barrier of trans-regional migration. Besides, it also closely linked to the internal contradictoriness in the endowment insurance system. This paper aims at discussing how to break the trans-regional migration obstacles of endowment insurance system and promote the current pooling account from provincial level to national level. Based on the analysis on China's basic endowment insurance system, four main problems has been found. They are county-based system and low level of pension pooling, trade-off in local governments caused by fiscal backstop, restrictions from the existing fiscal system, and implement of policies relies heavily on execution of basic-level governments. In order to solve these problems of existing endowment insurance system, establishing an integrated endowment insurance system which covers the whole Chinese citizens is further proposed. In addition, confronted with the current fact that we have a big gap of social security treatment between urban and rural areas, among different regions and among various groups, the feasible solution is to complete transformation from differential universal-type social welfare system to fair universal-type social welfare system. To promote the current pooling account from provincial level to national level, it needs to be carried forward systematically and stage by stage.
Investigation of Key Problems and Future Development of China's Endowment, Humanities and Social Sciences.
Vol. 6, No. 3,
2018, pp. 97-102.
Hyoung, L. J. (2017) A study on the New-pattern Rural Social Endowment Insurance System in China. Korean Journal of Political Science. 25 (4). 165-186.
Chen, R. Li, N. X. and Liu, X. (2018) Study on the Equity of Medical Services Utilization for Elderly Enrolled in Different Basic Social Medical Insurance Systems in an Underdeveloped City of Southwest China. International Journal for Equity in Health. 17. 54.
Wu, Y. Y. and Yuan, Y. (2016) Research on Integration Conception of Urban and Rural Endowment Insurance System. AEBMR-Advances in Economics Business and Management Research. 9. 25-27.
Liu, H. J. and Zhu, Z. G. (2016) The Exploration of the New Type of Rural Social Endowment Insurance System in China. 54. 360-365.
Tan, S. Y. Wu, X. and Yang, W. (2018) Impacts of the Type of Social Health Insurance on Health Service Utilisation and Expenditures: Implications for a Unified System in China. Health economics, policy, and law. 1-19.
Xie, Y. S. (2017). Present Situation Problems and Countermeasures of Rural Endowment Insurance System in China. Advances in Social Science Education and Humanities Research. 101. 736-739.
Kitao, S. (2015). Pension Reform and Individual Retirement Accounts in Japan. Journal of the Japanese and International Economies. 38. 111-126.
Vukorepa, I. (2015). Lost between Sustainability and Adequacy: Critical Analysis of the Croatian Pension System's Parametric Reform. Revijaza Socijalnu Politiku. 22 (3). 279-308.
Wang, L. J. (2015). Nonlinear Differential Equations and Feedback Control Design for the Urban-Rural Resident Pension Insurance in China. International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos. 25 (14). 1540029-1-1540029-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0218127415400295.
Wolff, E. N. (2015). US Pensions in the 2000s: The Lost Decade. Review of Income and Wealth. 61 (4). 599-629.
Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security of the People’s Republic of China. (2015). Statistical Communiqué of the People’s Republic of China on the 2014 Labor and Social Security Development, [Online] Available:http://www. mohrss.gov.cn/SYrlzyhshbzb/zwgk/szrs/tjgb/201506/t20150629_212661.html (June 29, 2015).
Yuan, M. Q., Li, B. B. (2015). The Rate of Insurance Coverage of Migrant Worker is Less than 20%. [Online] Available:chttp://society.people.com.cn/n/2015/0804/c1008-27404983.html (August 4, 2015).
Lai, J. Q., Hu, Z. H. (2006).The Underlying Apprehension of High Surrender Rate of Migrant Workers. [Online] Available: http://www.xinhuanet.com/chinanews/2006-02/14/content_6238547.html (February 14, 2006).
Wu, B. (2008). What Leads to the High Surrender Rate of Migrant Workers. [Online] Available: http://cpc.people. com.cn/GB/64093/82429/83083/ 6745 365.html (January 8, 2008).
Hu, J. Y. (2009). and the Overall Planning of Endowment Insurance. Legal Daily. [Online] Available: http://finance.people.com.cn/insurance/GB/ 136878 /146668/8820781.html (February 11, 2009).
Tao, Z. Y. (2008). On the Cross-regional Transfer and Renewing of Migrant Workers' Endowment Insurance. Journal of Tianjin Trade Union Adminstrators’ College. 16 (4). 36-39.
Sun, K. (2004). An Analysis of County and Township Public Finance Reform. Research on Development. 1. 6-9.
Chen, Y. (2008). Construction of Social Security and Reform of Fiscal System. Jianghai Journal. 6. 98-102.
Du, F. J., Zhang, Y. T. (2008). Researches in Problems of Fair and Efficiency of System of Social Security of China. Study & Exploration. 1. 1-22.
Xi, H., Zhai, S. G. (2014). The Path to Achieve More Fair and Sustainable Pension Insurance System. Chinese Public Administration. 3. 11-14.
Sui, D. C., Dong, L., Zhang, S. T. (2014). On the Combination Problems of Urban and Rural Pension Insurance. Social Science of Beijing. 7. 38-43.
He, Y. C. (2009). NPC Delegate Zheng Chenggong: Hope to Achieve Fairness and Full Coverage in Social Security More Quickly. People’s Daily Online. [Online] Available: http://society.people.com.cn/GB/168256/168281/168388/10028048.html (March 12, 2009).
Guangzhou Daily. (2008) Ice Breaking of Social Security Transfer and Renewing This Year & the National Overall Planning of Social Security Years or Decades Later. [Online] Available: http://news.xinhuanet.com/fortune/2008-09/03/cont ent_9759661.htm (September 9, 2008).
Xu, Q. (2008). Value Selection of the Rural Migrant Workers' Endowment Insurance and Solutions to the Predicament. Journal of Nanjing University of Technology (Social Science Edition). 7 (3). 48-52.
Yan, Z. X. (2004). Pension Plan Reform in China: Progress, Problems and Countermeasures. Population & Economics. 1. 51-54.
Yang, B., Ding, J. D. (2015). The Fiscal Responsibility on Pension Insurance System in China: Differences and Reform. Journal of Central University of Finance & Economics. 2. 10-17.