Ethics, Dementia and Severe Communication Problems
Humanities and Social Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 2-1, April 2016, Pages: 37-40
Received: Oct. 29, 2015;
Accepted: Jan. 3, 2016;
Published: May 13, 2016
Views 3999 Downloads 108
Erna Alant, Department of Curriculum & Instruction, Indiana University, Bloomington, USA; Center for AAC, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
Follow on us
Emmanuel Levinas  argued that ethics cannot be regarded as a set of principles, rules or norms, but rather that the fundamental basis of ethics is communication and negotiated decision-making. This article explores the conditions necessary for ethical behavior to occur, as explored by Murray , by focusing on two relevant issues: firstly the ability of the individual to announce themselves, i. e. their ability to open up or share of themselves, and secondly, their ability to represent themselves in issues surrounding decision-making. These two issues will be explored by referring to people with severe dementia and those who have severe communication problems. The paper includes the voice of the individual as well as the voice of those who interact with individuals with severe communication problems.
Ethics, Dementia, Severe Communication Problems
To cite this article
Ethics, Dementia and Severe Communication Problems, Humanities and Social Sciences. Special Issue: Ethical Sensitivity: A Multidisciplinary Approach.
Vol. 4, No. 2-1,
2016, pp. 37-40.
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Levinas, E. (1950). Ethics and infinity: translated by Richard A. Cohen. Pittsburgh, PA: Duquesne University Press.
Murray, J. (2003). Face to Face in Dialogue: Emmanuel Levinas and the Communication of Ethics. Maryland: University Press of America.
Johannesen, R; Valde, K & Whedbee, K. (2008). Ethics in Human Communication. Long Grove: Waveland Press.
Tavani, H. (2004). Ethics and Technology. Hoboken: John Wiley.
Verde, M. (2011) June, 16. Communication and ethics interpolations (Electronic mailing message) Retrieved from www.iu.exchange.edu.
Kitwood, T. (1997). Dementia reconsidered: The person comes first. Buckingham, England Philadelphia: Open University Press.
Gullette, M M. (2011, May 21). Our Irrational Fear of Forgetting. New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/22/opinion/22gullette.html?_r=1&scp=1&sq="May%202.
Tonsing, K; Alant, E & Lloyd, L. L (2005). Augmentative and Alternative Communication. In Alant, E & Lloyd, L. L (Eds). Augmentative and Alternative Communication: Beyond Poverty. London: Whurr Publishers., pp30-67.
ASHA Technical Report: Facilitated Communication (1994). Retrieved from http://www.asha.org/policy/TR1994-00139.htm#sec1.2, October, 20 2015.
Boyton, J. (2012). Facilitated Communication- What harm it can do: Confessions of a Former Facilitator. Evidence-Based Communication Assessment and Intervention, 6(1), 3-13. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17489539.2012.674680
ISAAC, 2014. Position Statement on Facilitated Communication. Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 30 (4), 357-8. Doi: 10.3109/07434618.2014.971492.
Engber, D. (2015, October, 22). The Strange Case of Anna Stubblefield. The New York Times, http://www.nytimes.com/2015/10/25/magazine/the-strange-case-of-anna-stubblefield.html?emc=eta1&_r=0, retrieved on October, 23 2015.
Scott, R. 1998. Professional Ethics: A Guide for Rehabilitation Professionals. Toronto: Mosby.