Issues in the Study of Palaeoclimate and Palaeoenvironment in the Early Holo¬cene of the Central Zagros, Iran
International Journal of Archaeology
Volume 1, Issue 2, July 2013, Pages: 26-33
Received: Jul. 7, 2013; Published: Aug. 10, 2013
Views 3585      Downloads 211
Authors
W. Matthews, Department of Archaeology, University of Reading, UK
Y. Mohammadifar, Department of Archaeology, Bu-AliSina University, Hamedan, Iran
A. Motarjem, Department of Archaeology, Bu-AliSina University, Hamedan, Iran
H. Ilkhani, Department of Archaeology, University of Nottingham, UK
Lisa-Marie Shillito, Department of Archaeology, The University of York, UK
R. Matthews, Department of Archaeology, University of Reading, UK
Article Tools
PDF
Follow on us
Abstract
This paper reviews some of the key issues in the study of palaeoclimate and palaeoenvironment in the early Holocene of the Central Zagros. It also considers palaeocological research in this and other regions of the Near East, as well as preliminary results from new collaborative excavation and research at the early Neolithic sites of Sheikh-e Abad and Jani in Kermanshah province. The paper concludes with an outline of issues and directions for future research on Holocene palaeoclimate and palaeoenvironment in the Central Zagros. The three key issues in the study of the early Holocene climate and environment examined in this paper are (1) local and regional variation in the nature and rate of climatic change after the end of the Ice Age (2) responses by plant and animal populations to these changes, and (3) and human settlement patterns and ecological strategies.
Keywords
Iran, Palaeoclimate, Holocene, Central Zagros
To cite this article
W. Matthews, Y. Mohammadifar, A. Motarjem, H. Ilkhani, Lisa-Marie Shillito, R. Matthews, Issues in the Study of Palaeoclimate and Palaeoenvironment in the Early Holo¬cene of the Central Zagros, Iran, International Journal of Archaeology. Vol. 1, No. 2, 2013, pp. 26-33. doi: 10.11648/j.ija.20130102.11
References
[1]
Abdi, K. 2003. "The Early Development of Pastoralism in the Central Zagros Mountains,"Journal of World Prehistory 17(4): 395-448.
[2]
Asouti, E. 2003. "Woodland vegetation and fuel exploitation at the prehistoric campsite of Pınarbaşı, south-central Anatolia, Turkey: the evidence from wood charcoal macro-remains," Journal of Archaeological Science 30: 1185-1201.
[3]
Asouti, E. 2005. "Woodland vegetation and the exploitation of fuel and timber at Neolithic Çatalhöyük: Report on the wood-charcoal macro-remains," In I. Hodder, (ed.), InhabitingÇatalhöyük: Reports from the 1995-99 seasons. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research and the British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara,213-60.
[4]
Brookes, J.A, L.D. Levine and R.W. Dennell. 1982. "Alluvial sequence in central west Iran and implications for Archaeological Survey," Journal of Field Archaeology 9: 286-298.
[5]
Biglari, F and S. Heydari. 2001. "Do- Ashkaft: a Recently Discovered Mousterian Cave Site in the Kermanshah Plain, Iran," Antiquity 75: 487-488.
[6]
Conolly, J., S. Colledge, K. Dobney, J.-D. Vigne, J. Peters, B. Stopp, K. Manning and S. Shennan. 2011. "Meta-analysis of zooarchaeological data from SW Asia and SE Europe provides insight into the origins and spread of animal husbandry’"Journal of Archaeological Science 38: 538-45.
[7]
Djamali, M., H. Akhani, V. Andrieu-Ponel, P. Braconnot, S. Brewer, J.-L. de Beaulieu, D. Fleitmann, J. Fleury, F. Gasse, F. Guibal, S. T. Jackson, A.-M. Lezine, F. Medail, F. Ponel, N. Roberts and L. Stevens. 2010. "Indian Summer Monsoon variations could have affected the early-Holocene woodland expansion in the Near East," The Holocene 20(5): 813-20.
[8]
Fleitmann, D., S. J. Burns, A. Mangini, M. Mudelsee, J. Kramers, I. Villa, U. Neff, A. A. Al-Subbary, A. Buettner, D. Hippler and A. Matter. 2007. "Holocene ITCZ and Indian monsoon dynamics recorded in stalagmites from Oman and Yemen (Socotra),"Quaternary Science Reviews 26(1-2): 170-88.
[9]
Heidari, A., Sh. Mahmoodi, G. Stoops and F. Mees. 2005 "Micromorphological characteristics of Vertisols in Iran, including non-smectitic soils," Arid Land Research and Management 19: 29-46.
[10]
Helbaek, H. 1969. "Plant collecting, dry-farming and irrigation in prehistoric DehLuran," In F. Hole, K. V. Flannery and J. A. Neeley, (eds.), Prehistory and Human Ecology of the DehLuran Plain. Michigan: University of Michigan Museum of Anthropology, 383-426.
[11]
Heydari, S. 2007. "The impact of geology and geomorphology on cave and rock shelter archaeological site formation, preservation, and distribution in the Zagros Mountains of Iran,"Geoarchaeology 22 (6): 653-669.
[12]
Hole, F. 1996. "The context of caprine domestication in the Zagros region," In D. Harris, (ed.), The Origins and Spread of Agriculture and Pastoralism in Eurasia. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 263-81.
[13]
Hubbard, R.N.L.B. 1990."Carbonised seeds from Tepe Abdul Hussein: results of preliminary analyses," In J. Pullar, (ed.) Tepe Abdul Hosein: A Neolithic site in Western Iran. Excavations 1978. BAR International Series 563. Oxford: Archaeopress, 217-221.
[14]
Jones, M. D. and C. N. Roberts. 2008. "Interpreting lake isotope records of Holocene environmental change in the Eastern Mediterranean,"Quaternary International 181: 32-8.
[15]
Matthews, R, W. Matthews and Y. Mohammadifar, editors. In press. The Earliest Neolithic of Iran: Excavations at Sheikh-e Abad and Jani. Oxford: Oxbow Books and British Institute of Persian Studies.
[16]
Matthews, W., 2005. "Micromorphological and microstratigraphic traces of uses of space," In I. Hodder, (ed.), Inhabiting Çatalhöyük: Reports from the 1995-99 Seasons. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research and British Insti¬tute of Archaeologyat Ankara, 355-98.
[17]
Matthews, W., 2008. "Micro-contextual analysis of plant remains: study of human-environment inter-relationships in early agri¬cultural and urban settlements in the Ancient Near East," In H. Kuehne, R. M. Czichon and F. J. Kreppner, (eds.) Proceedings of the 4th International Congress of the Ar¬chaeology of the Ancient Near East 29 March-3 April, FreieUniversitat Berlin. Volume 1, The Reconstruction of Environment: Natural Resources and Human Interrelations through Time. Art History: Visual Communication. Wiesbaden: HarrassowitzVerlag, 143-165.
[18]
Matthews, W. 2010. "Geoarchaeology and taphonomy of plant remains and microarchaeological residues in early urban environments in the Ancient Near East,"mQuaternary International 214: 98-113.
[19]
Matthews, W. In press.:a"Contexts of Neolithic Interaction: Geography, Palaeoclimate and Palaeoenvironment of the Central Zagros, "In R. Matthews, W.Matthews and Y. Mohammadifar, (eds.), The Earliest Neolithic of Iran: Excavations at Sheikh-e Abad and Jani. Oxford: Oxbow Books and British Institute of Persian Studies.
[20]
Matthews, W. In press:b. (with contributions from L.Shillito and S. Elliott). "Investigating Early Neolithic Materials, Ecology and Sedentism: Micromorphology and Microstratigraphy,"In R. Matthews, W.Matthews and Y. Mohammadifar, (eds.), The Earliest Neolithic of Iran: Excavations at Sheikh-e Abad and Jani. Oxford: Oxbow Books and British Institute of Persian Studies.
[21]
Miller, Naomi F. 1996. " Palaeoethnobotany," In E. Carter (ed.) Excavations at Anshan (Tal-e Malyan) the Middle Elamite Period. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Museum, E. Carter, 99-108.
[22]
Mithen, S. and E. Black, editors. 2011. Water, Life and Civilisation: Climate, Environment and Society in the Jordan Valley. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[23]
Roberts, N. 2002. "Did prehistoric landscape management retard the post-glacial spread of woodland in Southwest Asia?," An¬tiquity76: 1002-10.
[24]
Savard, M., M. Nesbitt and M. K. Jones. 2006. "The role of wild grasses in subsistence and sedentism: new evidence from the northern fertile Crescent, "World Archaeology 38(2): 179-96.
[25]
Shillito, L-M. and S. Elliott. In press. "Phytolith indicators of plant resource use at Sheikh-e Abad and Jani," In R. Matthews, W.Matthews and Y. Mohammadifar, (eds.), The Earliest Neolithic of Iran: Excavations at Sheikh-e Abad and Jani. Oxford: Oxbow Books and British Institute of Persian Studies.
[26]
Shillito, L.-M., I. D. Bull, W. Matthews, M. Almond, J. Williams & R. P. Evershed, 2011. "Biomolecular and micromorphological analysis of suspected faecal deposits at Neolithic Çatalhöyük, Turkey," Journal of Archaeological Science 38(8): 1869-77.
[27]
Shillito, L-M., W. Matthews, I.D. Bull and J. Williams. In press. "Biomolecular Investigations of Faecal Biomarkers at Sheikh-e Abad and Jani," In R. Matthews, W. Matthews and Y. Mohammadifar, (eds.), The Earliest Neolithic of Iran: Excavations at Sheikh-e Abad and Jani. Oxford: Oxbow Books and British Institute of Persian Studies.
[28]
Sillar. B. 2000. "Dung by preference: the choice of fuel as an example of how Andean pottery production is embedded within wider technical, social and economic practices," Archaeometry 42: 43-60.
[29]
Snyder J.A., K. Wasylik, S.C.A. Fritz, H.E. Wright. 2001. "Diatom based conductivity reconstruction and palaeoclimatic interpretation of a 40-ka record from Lake Zeribar, Iran," The Holocene 11(6): 737-745.
[30]
Stevens, L. R., H. E. Wright Jr and E. Ito. 2001. "Proposed changes in seasonality of climate dur¬ing the Late glacial and Holocene at Lake Zeribar, Iran," The Holocene 11(6): 747-755.
[31]
Turner, R., N. Roberts and M. D. Jones. 2008. "Climatic pacing of Mediterranean fire histories from lake sedimentary microcharcoal,"Global and Planetary Change 63(4): 317-24.
[32]
Van der Veen, M. 2007. "Formation processes of desiccated and carbonized plant remains – the identification of routine practice,"Journal of Archaeological Science 34: 968-990.
[33]
Van Zeist, W. and S. Bottema. 1977. "Palynological investigations in western Iran,"Paleohistoria 19: 19-95.
[34]
Van Zeist, W., P.E.L.Smith, R.M.Palfenier-Vegter, M.Suwijn, and W.A.Casparie.1986. "An Archaeobotanical Study of GanjDarehTepe, Iran," Palaeohistoria 26: 201-224
[35]
Wasylikowa, K., 2005. "Paleoecology of Lake Zeribar, Iran, in the Pleniglacial, Late Glacial, and Holocene reconstructed from plant macrofossils," The Holocene 15(5): 720–735.
[36]
Wasylikowa, K., A. Witkowski., A.Walanus.,A.Hutorowicza., S.W.Alexandrowicz and J.J Longer., 2006, Palaolimonology of Lake Zeribar. Iranand its climati implication, QuarternaryResach 66: 477-493
[37]
Wasylikowa, K. and A. Witkowski. 2008. "The Palaeoecology of Lake Zeribar and Surrounding Areas, Western Iran, During the Last 48,000 years,"Ruggell: A.R.G. GantnerVerlag K.G.Wasylikowa, K., A. Witkowski, A. Walanus, A. Hutorowicz, S.W. Alexandrowicz, J.J. Langer. 2006. "Palaeolimnology of Lake Zeribar, Iran, and its climatic implications," Quaternary Research 66 (3): 477-493.
[38]
Whitlam, J., H. Ilkhani, A. Bogaard and M. Charles. In press. "The Plant Macrofossil Evidence from Sheikh-e Abad: First Impressions, " In R. Matthews, W. Matthews and Y. Mohammadifar, (eds.), The Earliest Neolithic of Iran: Excavations at Sheikh-e Abad and Jani. Oxford: Oxbow Books and British Institute of Persian Studies.
[39]
Willcox G. 1990. "Charcoal remains from Tepe Abdul Hussein," In J. Pullar, (ed.), Abdul Hussein: A Neolithic site in Western Iran Excavations 1978. BAR International Series 563. Oxford: Archaeopress, 227-233.
[40]
Zeder, M. A., 2005. "A view from the Zagros: new perspectives on livestock domestication
[41]
in the Fertile Crescent," In J.-D. Vigne, J. Peters and D. Helmer, (eds.), First Steps of Animal Domestication. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 125-46.
[42]
Zeder, M.A., 2009. "The Neolithic Macro-(R)evolution: Macroevolutionary theory and the study of culture change,"Journal of Archaeological Research 17: 1-63.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186