The Archaeology of Collapse in Azerbaijan and Eastern Anatolia at During the Iron Age
International Journal of Archaeology
Volume 4, Issue 5, September 2016, Pages: 61-66
Received: Jul. 22, 2016; Accepted: Aug. 2, 2016; Published: Aug. 12, 2016
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Authors
Mohammad Mirzaei, Department of Archaeology, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran
Reza Ataei, Department of Archaeology, University of Tarbiat Modarres, Tehran, Iranda
Nasrin Alizadeh, Department of Art, Islamic Azad University of Ramsar, Ramsar, Iran
Peyman Rahmani, Department of Archaeology, University of Mohagheghe Ardebili, Ardebil, Iran
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Abstract
Knowledge, analysis and review of rise and fall of civilizations are one of the equivocal and tremendous topics with which the experts have dealt. Those factors that may influence in collapse of human communities are as follows: Human, economic, social, cultural and environmental factors. In some cases, natural disasters such as tsunami, earthquake, wide fire, and climatic changes and also on some occasions other factors including military invasion, attacks by barbarian and wild tribes, oppression of owners of power as well as civil revolts and ethnic-tribal problems may lead to civilization collapse. Iron Age covers time period (1500-500BC) in Iranian archeology when human could extract iron metal and use it from more production, the sites in Iron Age have been formed by production of grey potteries and use of iron-made tools. The present essay is intended to give answer to this effective question by means of descriptive- analytical method that at what scale the influential factors have occurred and how collapse and destruction took place in areas of Azerbaijan during Iron Age (Northwest of Iran and Eastern Anatolia). The results of this study show that the large areas such as Hasanlu, Dinkha Tepe, and Bastam and even regions of monarchical government of Urartian Empire in Eastern Turkey (Ayanis, Norshun-Tepe, Kayalıdere, Altıntepe, Yoncatepe and so on) have been demolished due to sudden accident and conflagration during this period and they have been diminished from scene of time.
Keywords
Azerbaijan, Iron Age, Collapse, Fire and Destruction
To cite this article
Mohammad Mirzaei, Reza Ataei, Nasrin Alizadeh, Peyman Rahmani, The Archaeology of Collapse in Azerbaijan and Eastern Anatolia at During the Iron Age, International Journal of Archaeology. Vol. 4, No. 5, 2016, pp. 61-66. doi: 10.11648/j.ija.20160405.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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