International Journal of Archaeology
Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2017, Pages: 1-5
Received: Jan. 22, 2017;
Accepted: Feb. 3, 2017;
Published: Mar. 1, 2017
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Hossein Sarhaddi-Dadian, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Department of Archaeology, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran; Arcaeological Research Center, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran
Zohre Oveisi-Keikha, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Department of Architecture, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran
Vahid Purzarghan, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Department of Restoration, University of Zabol, Zabol, Iran
The present article is an attempt to investigate Tis caves in Chabahar city for the first time. Chabahar is located in the on the southern edge of Sistan-Baluchestan province near the Gulf of Oman. Historically, this region is one of the most important centers of human settlement and serves as a bridge connecting South East Iran to other civilizations, including the southern Persian Gulf and Oman Sea. The rich culture of this region served as an incentive for addressing various aspects of the history of this region. In this study, the authors study 3 caves carved into the hillside of Shahnaz. These caves are located about 25 meters above the road on the north side of the Tis village and are investigated from two perspectives. A) The structure of triple caves b) the application of these caves according to cultural materials and other cultural works available around them. Two out of the three caves in this region (the central and eastern caves) are accessible and the western cave is blocked due to landslide and can’t currently be investigated. The Central cave has plastered walls and the graves inside this gave show that it was used for burials. The Western Cave that has plastered walls as well, includes no grave, and was probably more of a pilgrimage. However, according to the anthropological studies and considering that the western cave overlooks the sea and includes some graves, this cave has been more of a holy place that is carved into the hillside by the people and belongs to the late Islamic period. For the final decision about the areas we need to do more archaeological excavation in these caves.
Introducing Troglodyte Architecture at Chabahar City in South-east of Iran, International Journal of Archaeology.
Vol. 5, No. 1,
2017, pp. 1-5.
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