Evidence of the Greek Goddess (Tyche?) in the Underground Troglodytic Handmade Architectural Complex of Samen in Malayer, Western Iran
International Journal of Archaeology
Volume 4, Issue 2-1, March 2016, Pages: 1-6
Received: Jul. 27, 2015; Accepted: Aug. 7, 2015; Published: Feb. 23, 2016
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Authors
Esmail Hemati Azandaryani, Department of Archaeology, University of Bu-Ali Sina, Hamadan, Iran
Ali Khaksar, The Cultural Heritage Organization of Hamadan Province, Hamadan, Iran
Yadollah Heydari BabaKamal, Department of Archaeology, University of Bu-Ali Sina, Hamadan, Iran
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Abstract
The underground troglodytic handmade architectural complex of Sāmen is located 90 km away from the southeast part of Hamadan and 15 km away from the southwest part of Malayer. It is located in the western part of Iran. The complex was created under Sāmen residential area and within the context of granitic rocks (cotton granite). Four research programs (identification, documentation, clearing and archeological excavations) were conducted on this complex from 2007 to 2011 under Ali Khaksar's supervision; these attempts led to conspicuous results such as discovering human burials and valuable Cultural data such as a seal with a red agate. In this paper, the authors attempt to study these seals are visible. Studies show this seal is of Hellenistic culture and the motif on the seal is related to the goddess of chance and fortune (the goddess of Tyche).
Keywords
Iran, Malayer, Sāmen, Seal, Tyche? Hellenistic
To cite this article
Esmail Hemati Azandaryani, Ali Khaksar, Yadollah Heydari BabaKamal, Evidence of the Greek Goddess (Tyche?) in the Underground Troglodytic Handmade Architectural Complex of Samen in Malayer, Western Iran, International Journal of Archaeology. Special Issue: Rock Art, Handmade Architecture, Historical Archaeology. Vol. 4, No. 2-1, 2016, pp. 1-6. doi: 10.11648/j.ija.s.2016040201.11
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