Thermoluminesence and Radiocarbon Dates in the Brick Structures of GoThap Site in the Lower Mekong Delta Basin
International Journal of Archaeology
Volume 7, Issue 1, June 2019, Pages: 17-23
Received: Jul. 2, 2019;
Accepted: Jul. 23, 2019;
Published: Aug. 8, 2019
Views 252 Downloads 70
Nguyen Quang Mien, Institute of Archaeology, Vietnam Academy of Social Scences, Hanoi, Vietnam
Nguyen Quang Bac, Institute of Science and Technology, VINASA, Vietnam Software and IT Services Association, Hanoi, Vietnam
Bui Van Loat, University of Science, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, Vietnam
Vu Anh Hung, University of Science, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, Vietnam; Faculty of Physical and Chemical Engineering, Military Technical Academy, MOD, Hanoi, Vietnam
The Go Thap site, formerly known as Prasat Pream Loven, is an area of six square kilometers with several small mounds on a dune running from northeast to southwest. It is situated in Thap Muoi district, Dong Thap province, Mekong Delta of Southern Vietnam. French archaeologists first explored the site during the end of the nineteenth and at the beginning of the twentieth century. This paper will establish a preliminary research of the monuments at the Go Thap site. The archaeological excavations during from 2012 to 2014 have discovered these brick monuments. We believe they are architectural foundations made of bricks sturctures. The Radiocarbon dating of the charcoal objects collected from layers of excavation indicates that these objects are from between the ﬁrst late millennium BC and the middle of the ﬁrst millennium AD. These dates are consistent with the time of initial occupation of Go Thap in the first century BC. The thermoluminesene dating of ancient ceramic fragments found at the excavation holes are from 2nd century BC and 1st century AD. These thermoluminescence dates corresponded with the data from Angkor Borei site in Cambodia.
Nguyen Quang Mien,
Nguyen Quang Bac,
Bui Van Loat,
Vu Anh Hung,
Thermoluminesence and Radiocarbon Dates in the Brick Structures of GoThap Site in the Lower Mekong Delta Basin, International Journal of Archaeology.
Vol. 7, No. 1,
2019, pp. 17-23.
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Aitken M. J. 1985. Thermoluminícence dating. Academic press. New York.
Anna Aleksandra Slaczka, 2011. The brick structures of Go Thap - Tombs or Temples. Bulentin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 31: 109-117.
Bishop P, Savid C. W. Sanderson, Miriam T. Stark. 2004. OSL and radiocarbon dating of a pre-Angkorian canal in the Mekong delta, southern Cambodia. Journal of Archaeology Science 31: 319-336.
Bui Thi Hong, Vu Anh Hung, Nguyen Quang Mien, Bui Van Loat. 2018. Study of heating rate effect on thermoluminescence glow curves of LiF: Mg, Cu, P. VNU Journal of Science Mathematics – Physics, Vol. 34, No. 1 (2018): 46-51.
Coedès, G. 1931. Deux inscriptions sanskrites du Fou-nan. Bulletin de l'École française d'Extrême Orient 31: 1-8.
Dao Linh Con. 1998. The Oc Eo burial group recently excavated at Go Thap (Dong Thap Province, Viet Nam). In P. Y. Manguin (ed), Southeast Asian Archaeology 1994: Proceeding of the 5th International Conference of the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists, Volume 1: 111-117, Hull: Centre for Southeast Asian Studies, University of Hull.
Dang Van Thang, Vo Thi Huynh Nhu. 2012. The Religious Centre of Go Thap (Dong Thap), Archaeology, No 2 (2012): 71-90.
Le Xuan Diem, Dao Linh Con, Vo Si Khai. 1995. Oc Eo Culture - Recent discoveries. Social Sciences Publishing House, Hanoi (in Vietnamese).
Le Thi Lien. 2005. Di tich Go Thap va nhung van de cua van hoa Oc Eo [Go Thap site and the problems of Oc Eo culture], Proceeding of the International Conference: One century of Vietnamese Archaeology”, Vol. II: 845-869. Hanoi: Social Sciences Publishing House, Hanoi. (in Vietnamese).
Le Thi Lien, 2006. Excavations at Minh Su Mound, Go Thap site, Dong Thap Province, South Vietnam. In E. Bacus, I. C. Glover, V. C. Piggot (eds.), Uncovering Southeast Asia’s past: Selected papers from the 10th International Conference of the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists: 232-244. Singapore: NUS Press.
Malleret. L, 1959, 1960, 1963. L’Archaeologie du Delta du Mékong, Part 1. L’exploration arche ´ologique et les fouilles d’Oc-Eo. École Française d’Extrême-Orient, Paris.
Miriam T. Stark. 2006. Re-Ankorian settlement trends in Cambodia’s Mekong delta and the Lower mekong Archeological Project. Indo-Pacific prehistory association bullentin, Vol. 26 (2006): 98- 109.
Nguyen Quang Mien, Bui Van Loat 2005. Thermoluminescence properties of the different size quartz grains. Proceeding of the 3rd National Conference on Modern problems in Optics and Spectroscopy: 190-195. Vietnam National University Publishers.
Nguyen Quang Mien, Bui Van Loat 2007. Some thermoluminescence dates of ancient ceramics in Go Thap (DongThap). Proceeding of the International Workshop on Advances in Optics, Photonics, Spectroscopy and Application: 412-417. Vietnam Academic Press. Sciences and Technology Publishers.
Nguyen Quang Mien, Bui Van Loat, Thai Khac Dinh 2009. Dating ceramic samples by thermoluminescence approach in the lab. of the Vietnam institute of Archaeology. Journal of Archaeology: 80-92. Social Sciences Publishing House, Hanoi. (in Vietnamese).
Nguyen Quang Mien, Trinh Nang Chung 2010. Thermoluminescence characteristic of LiF (Mg, Cu, P) after exposing the alpha radiation. Proceeding of the First Academic Conference on Natural Science for master and Ph. D students from Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam. pp. 58-65. Vietnam National University in HCM city Publishing House.
Nguyen Thi Huynh Phuong: Oc Eo Culture: A case study of Oc Eo artifacts in Southern Vietnam. Can Tho University Journal of Science Vol 3 (2016): 133-142.
Sanderson D. C. W, P. Bishop, M. T. Starkc, J. Q. Spencer 2003. Luminescence dating of canal sediments from Angkor Borei, Mekong Delta, Southern Cambodia: Quaternary Science Review 22: 1111-1121. Aitken M. J. 1985. Thermoluminícence dating. Academic press. New York.