A Survey Study on the Contributions of Almeda Textile Factory for the Surrounding Community in Ethiopia
International Journal of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering
Volume 1, Issue 2, September 2016, Pages: 25-33
Received: Aug. 9, 2016; Accepted: Aug. 18, 2016; Published: Sep. 5, 2016
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Berihu Asgele Siyum, Department of Social Science, Adwa College of Teacher Education, Adwa, Ethiopia
Niguse Tamirat Kindeya, Department of Professional Science, Adwa College of Teacher Education, Adwa, Ethiopia
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Historically, textile has been one of Ethiopia’s traditional domestic business although it was relied on home grown old age spinning drop wheel. Dire-Dawa Textile Factory is the first modern textile which was established in 1939. The main purpose of this study was to assess the contributions of Almeda textile factory for the surrounding community. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were employed in this study. It was employed questionnaire, interview and document analysis tools to achieve the objectives. Totally, there are 5278 employees in Almeda textile factory. 200 employees have been selected using simple random sampling method for the survey questionnaire. Department heads of the factory and elders of the town residents have been taken purposefully for interview. Moreover, all the necessary documents of the factory are analyzed. Almeda textile factory has positive and negative influence on the surrounding community since its establishment. One of the most prominent contributions of Almeda textile factory is emancipations of women. Currently 67.7% of the employees in the factory are women. Thus, women become source of income for their family. Moreover, Almeda textile factory has contribution to increase income of the government in the form of tax and this income in return comes back to the community as a fund for social infrastructure. The factory has paid a total tax of Birr 53,797,864.61 in the last year. In addition to this, it has supported the surrounding community which has an estimation of Birr 276,080 in kind and Birr 411,734.19 in cash in the last year. Furthermore, it has developed a sense of work independence among the community. However, shortage of supply to the internal market, lack of motivation to the lower employees, environmental pollution, workers unsettlement and lack of producing quality products are among the major problems of the factory. Even though majority of the employees are satisfied by the activities of the factory, there are large numbers of employees who are not satisfied. In general, among the most contributions of Almeda textile factory to the surrounding community are creating job opportunity, supporting by products, encouraging legal associations, source of education to university students, supporting small scale enterprises, supporting to social and political institutions, supporting to targeted groups etc. However, the factory is not brought meaningful change on the surrounding community as it was expected.
Almeda Textile Factory, Community, Contribution, Job Opportunity
To cite this article
Berihu Asgele Siyum, Niguse Tamirat Kindeya, A Survey Study on the Contributions of Almeda Textile Factory for the Surrounding Community in Ethiopia, International Journal of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering. Vol. 1, No. 2, 2016, pp. 25-33. doi: 10.11648/j.ijimse.20160102.11
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