A Survey Study on the Contributions of Almeda Textile Factory for the Surrounding Community in Ethiopia
International Journal of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering
Volume 1, Issue 2, September 2016, Pages: 25-33
Received: Aug. 9, 2016;
Accepted: Aug. 18, 2016;
Published: Sep. 5, 2016
Views 5455 Downloads 194
Berihu Asgele Siyum, Department of Social Science, Adwa College of Teacher Education, Adwa, Ethiopia
Niguse Tamirat Kindeya, Department of Professional Science, Adwa College of Teacher Education, Adwa, Ethiopia
Follow on us
Historically, textile has been one of Ethiopia’s traditional domestic business although it was relied on home grown old age spinning drop wheel. Dire-Dawa Textile Factory is the first modern textile which was established in 1939. The main purpose of this study was to assess the contributions of Almeda textile factory for the surrounding community. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were employed in this study. It was employed questionnaire, interview and document analysis tools to achieve the objectives. Totally, there are 5278 employees in Almeda textile factory. 200 employees have been selected using simple random sampling method for the survey questionnaire. Department heads of the factory and elders of the town residents have been taken purposefully for interview. Moreover, all the necessary documents of the factory are analyzed. Almeda textile factory has positive and negative influence on the surrounding community since its establishment. One of the most prominent contributions of Almeda textile factory is emancipations of women. Currently 67.7% of the employees in the factory are women. Thus, women become source of income for their family. Moreover, Almeda textile factory has contribution to increase income of the government in the form of tax and this income in return comes back to the community as a fund for social infrastructure. The factory has paid a total tax of Birr 53,797,864.61 in the last year. In addition to this, it has supported the surrounding community which has an estimation of Birr 276,080 in kind and Birr 411,734.19 in cash in the last year. Furthermore, it has developed a sense of work independence among the community. However, shortage of supply to the internal market, lack of motivation to the lower employees, environmental pollution, workers unsettlement and lack of producing quality products are among the major problems of the factory. Even though majority of the employees are satisfied by the activities of the factory, there are large numbers of employees who are not satisfied. In general, among the most contributions of Almeda textile factory to the surrounding community are creating job opportunity, supporting by products, encouraging legal associations, source of education to university students, supporting small scale enterprises, supporting to social and political institutions, supporting to targeted groups etc. However, the factory is not brought meaningful change on the surrounding community as it was expected.
Almeda Textile Factory, Community, Contribution, Job Opportunity
To cite this article
Berihu Asgele Siyum,
Niguse Tamirat Kindeya,
A Survey Study on the Contributions of Almeda Textile Factory for the Surrounding Community in Ethiopia, International Journal of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering.
Vol. 1, No. 2,
2016, pp. 25-33.
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Alderin, C. (2014). Made in Ethiopia. Challenges and opportunities in the emerging textile industry in Ethiopia. Kulturgeografiska institutionen. Uppsala: Uppsala Universitet.
Addis Ababa Champer of Commerce and Sectoral Association (2015). An Overview of Ethiopian Manufacturing Sector. Addis Ababa.
Bhatia, D., Sharma, A., & Malhotra, U. (2014). Recycled fibers: An overview. International Journal of Fiber and Textile Research, 4 (4), 77-82.
Bosena, D. T., Bekabil, F., Berhanu, G., & Dirk, H. (2011). Factors Affecting Cotton Supply at the Farm Level in Metema District of Ethiopia. Journal of Agriculture, Biotechnology & Ecology, 4 (1), 41-51.
Gabagambi, D. M. (2013). Post-liberalisation Paradox in Textile Industry: A Comparative Study of Vietnam and Tanzania. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 4 (8), 191-201.
Makinde, D. O., Fajyigbe, M. O., & Ajiboye, O. J. (2015). Nigerian Textile Industry: A Tool for Actualising Economic Stability and National Development. European Journal of Business and Social Sciences, 4 (8), 331-344.
Mezgebo, T. T., Asgedom, H. B., & Desta, A. (2013). Economic Alalysis of Lean Wastes: Case Studies of Textile and Garment Industries in Ethiopia. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 3 (8), 101-128.
Moses, K. C. (2016). A Study on the Performance of Textile Sector in Tanzania-Challenges and ways Forward. International Academic Research Journal of Business and Management, 4 (5), 1-16.
Nordås, H. K. (2004). The Global Textile and Clothing Industry post the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing. World Trade Organization. Geneva: WTO Publications.
Sakolnakorn, T. P., Tham, S. A., & Khamanarong, S. (2009). Management Strategy For Administration Of Textile Industries In A Developing Country: Case Study Thailand. Journal of Business Case Studies, 5 (3), 37-44.
Tafesse, T. B., Yetemegne, A. K., & Kumar, S. (2015). The Physico-Chemical Studies of Wastewater in Hawassa Textile Industry. Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, 2 (4), 1-6.