Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2019, Pages: 47-53
Received: Aug. 11, 2019;
Accepted: Aug. 22, 2019;
Published: Sep. 5, 2019
Views 421 Downloads 112
Samar Biswas, Department of Horticulture, Sher-e-bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Rasal-Monir, Department of Horticulture, Sher-e-bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mohaiminul Islam, Department of Horticulture, Sher-e-bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Sourav Modak, Department of Horticulture, Sher-e-bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mohammad Humayun Kabir, Department of Horticulture, Sher-e-bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
A pot experiment was conducted in the Net House of “Field Laboratory of Plant Stress Management” in the Horticulture farm of Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, during the period from October 2016 to March 2017. The two factors experiment was laid out in Complete Randomized Design with five replications. Factor A is three tomato varieties viz. V1= Exotic line 1 (Korean), V2= Exotic line 2 (Taiwan) and V3= BARI tomato 14 and factor B is seed priming treatment viz. P0= No priming (Control), P1= Hydropriming (distilled water), P2= NaCl priming (50 mM) and P3= KNO3 priming (200 mM). The total treatment combinations were (4×3) 12 and 8 dS/m fixed salinity maintained for all the pots. The experimental results exhibited that seed priming treatment significantly affected growth, yield and quality parameters of tomato. The highest plant height (137.10 cm), number of fruits per plant (40.92) and fruit yield per plant (585.00 g) were found from V1 under 8 dS/m salinity level. In case of seed priming, the highest plant height (150.10 cm), number of fruits per plant (48.11) and fruit yield per plant (755.80 g) were recorded from P2 mostly at 8 dS/m salinity level. Regarding the combined effect, the highest plant height (187.00 cm), number of fruits per plant (55.00) and fruit yield per plant (829.30 g) were found from V1P2 under 8 dS/m salinity level. So, Exotic line 1 with NaCl priming (50mM) showed better performance for growth, yield and quality of tomato under saline condition.
Mohammad Humayun Kabir,
Induction of Salt Tolerance in Tomato Through Seed Priming, Plant.
Vol. 7, No. 3,
2019, pp. 47-53.
BBS, April, (2017). Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics-2017, 29th Series, Page 301-302.
Petersen, L. and S. Shireen. (2001). Soil and water salinity in the coastal area of Bangladesh. SRDI.
Hussein M.; Nadia.; Gereadly and E. L-Desuki. (2006). Role of Puterscine in Resistance to Salinity of Pea Plants (Pisum sativum L.). Journal of Applied Science Research, 2 (9): 598-604.
Mass E. V. and Poss J. V. (1989). Salt sensitivity of wheat at various stages. Irrig. Sci., 10: 2940.
Rana R. S. (1988). Breeding for salt resistance: concepts and strategy. Int. J. Trop. Agric., 3 (4): 236-254.
Sivritepe HO, Sivritepe N, Eris A, Turhan E. (2005). The effects of NaCl pre-treatments on salt tolerance of melons grown under long-term salinity. Sci Hortic. 106: 568–581.
Cano E. A. Boları´n M. C., Perez-Alfocea F, Caro M. (1991). Effect of NaCl priming on increased salt tolerance in tomato. Journal of Horticultural Science. 66. 621–628.
Boları´n M. C, Perez-Alfocea F., Cano EA, Estan M. T. and Caro M. (1993). Growth, fruit yield, and ion concentration in tomato epotypes after pre- and post-emergence salt treatments. J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci. 118: 655–660.
Cayuela E., Perez-Alfocea F., Caro M., Bolarin M. C. (1996). Priming of seeds with NaCl induces physiological changes on tomato plants grown under salt stress. Physiol Plant. 96: 231–236.
Paparella, S., Araujo, S. S., Rossi, G., Wijayasinghe, M., Carbonera, D., and Balestrazzi, A. (2015). Seed priming: state of the art and new perspectives. Plant Cell Rep. 34, 1281–1293.
Ebrahimi R., M. Ahmadizadeh, P. Rahbarian, (2014). Enhancing stand establishment of tomato cultivars under salt stress condition. South Western Journal of Horticulture, Biology and Environment. 5: 19-42.
Gupta, A., M. Dadlani, M. B. Arun Kumar, M. Roy, M. Naseem, V. K. Choudhary, R. K. Maiti. (2008). Seed priming: the aftermath. Int. J. Agric Environ Biotechnol 1: 199–209.
Parera C., A. and Cantliffe D. J. 1994. Pre-sowing seed priming. Hortic. Rev. 16: 109-141.
Michael, A. (1978) Irrigation and Theory Practice. Vikas Pub. House Pvt. Ltd., New Delihi.
Ponnamperuma, F. N. (1984). Straw as source of nutrients for wetland rice. In Organic Matter and Rice. International Rice Research Institute. Manila, Philippines. pp. 117-136.
Yan M. (2015). Seed priming stimulate germination and early seedling growth of Chinese cabbage. South African journal of Botany. 99: 88-92.
Farooq M., Basra SMA., Khalid M., Tabassum R., Mehmood T. 2006. Nutrient Homeostasis, Reserves Metabolism and Seedling Vigor as Affected by Seed Priming in Coarse rice, Canadian Journal of Botany, 84: 1196–1202.
Neufeld H. S., Chappelka A. H., Somers G. L., Burkey K. O., Davison A. W., and Finkelstein P. L., (2006). Visible foliar injury caused by ozone alters the relationship between SPAD meter readings and chlorophyll concentrations in cutleaf coneflower. Photosynth. Res. 87: 281–286.
Bates LS, Waldren RP, Teare ID (1973). Rapid determination of free proline for water stress studies. Plant and Soil. Vol. 39. pp. 205-207.
Harborne, J. B. (1973). Phytochemical methods: A guide to modern techniques of plant analysis. Chapman and Hall Ltd, London.; Pp. 279.
Sadavarte, K. T and Gupta, P. K. 1963. Effect of seed treatment with plant growth regulators on germination, growth and yield of brinjal. The Punjab Horticultural Journal. 2: 195-199.
Ismailia. 2004. Responses of tomato seeds to hydro- and osmo-priming, and possible relations of some antioxidant enzymes and endogenous polyamine fractions. Egyptian Journal of Biology. 6: 81-93.
Nandapuri, K. S., Surajan, S and Terseen, L. 1973. Studies on genetic variability and correlation of some economic characters in tomato. Jounal of Research. Punjab Agricultural University. 10: 316-321.
Ahmed, S. U., Sasha, H. K and Sharfudddin, A. F. M. 1988. Study of heterosis and correlation in tomato. Thai Journal of Agricultural Science. 21: 117-123.
Hajer A. S.; Malibari A. A.; Al-Zahrani H. S. and Almaghrabi O. A. (2006). Responses of three tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum) cultivars to sea water salinity 1. Effect of salinity on the seedling growth. African Journal of Biotechnology 5 (10): 855-861.
Balibrea M.; Dell'Amico J.; and Bolarín C ((2000)) carbon partitioning and sucrose metabolism in tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum) plants growing under salinity. physiol plant, 110: 503.