Performance Evaluation and Response of Yield Components and Yield of Bread Wheat to NPK Fertilizers at Hidebu Abote District of North Shewa Zone, Oromia
Plant
Volume 8, Issue 2, June 2020, Pages: 31-36
Received: May 20, 2020; Accepted: Jun. 1, 2020; Published: Jun. 23, 2020
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Authors
Abreham Feyisa, Fitche Agricultural Research Center, Oromia, Ethiopia
Abera Donis, Fitche Agricultural Research Center, Oromia, Ethiopia
Dereje Girma, Fitche Agricultural Research Center, Oromia, Ethiopia
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Abstract
A field experiment was carried out on nitisols of Hidebu Abote district, North Shewa Zone, Oromia where wheat production is severely constrained by lack of an appropriate rate and types of fertilizer recommendation to evaluate wheat crop response to NPK fertilizer application. Fifteen NPK nutrients levels were considered and applied as treatments along with control (no fertilizer) at yaya Deka Bora peasant association were arranged in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications at two farmers field. The ANOVA result indicated that plant height (PH), above ground biomass yield (AGBMY), straw yield (SY), Thousand grain weight (TGW), grain yield (GY) and harvest index (HI) of bread wheat showed significant (P ≤ 0.05) response to the NPK fertilizer application at both sites. The highest AGBMY (13.61 and 12.46 tons ha-1), SY (8.13 and 7.33 tons ha-1) and GY (5475.00 and 5414.33 kg ha-1) were recorded with the application of 69:30:20 NPK fertilizer combination at (site 1 and site 2) respectively and the lowest were recorded on control treatments. However the highest PH (103.8 and 97.27 cm) at site 1 and site 2 was recorded respectively with the application of 92:10:20 NPK nutrients combinations. Both the statically and economical analysis showed that 69:30:20 NPK kg ha-1 of fertilizer application results in higher yield and economically profitable for bread wheat production in the study area. However further research experiment with multi locations, cropping seasons and different bread wheat cultivar have to be required in order to give best conclusive recommendation for the farmers.
Keywords
Bread Wheat, NPK Fertilizer, Nitisols, Grain Yield and Economic Benefit
To cite this article
Abreham Feyisa, Abera Donis, Dereje Girma, Performance Evaluation and Response of Yield Components and Yield of Bread Wheat to NPK Fertilizers at Hidebu Abote District of North Shewa Zone, Oromia, Plant. Vol. 8, No. 2, 2020, pp. 31-36. doi: 10.11648/j.plant.20200802.12
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Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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