Retrospective Study of Reproductive Diseases of Small Ruminants in Northern Barind Tract in Bangladesh
Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2015, Pages: 136-140
Received: Apr. 14, 2015; Accepted: May 13, 2015; Published: Aug. 29, 2015
Views 4765      Downloads 130
Md. Hemayatul Islam, Department of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Md. Jalal Uddin Sarder, Department of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Md. Siddiqur Rahman, Faculty of Veterinary science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensing, Bangladesh
Md. Ariful Haque, Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi-6205, Bangladesh
Md. Akhtarul Islam, Department of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Syed Sarwar Jahan, Department of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Rashida Khaton, Department of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Article Tools
Follow on us
Context: The information of diseases prevalence give useful information on disease pattern and thus can be used in preventing diseases as well as formulating policies for future management to prevent diseases. Aim: This study is therefore aimed at determining the pattern of reproductive diseases encountered at the Barind tract in Bangladesh. Materials and Method: The primary data were collected by randomly selected location in each district of retrospective survey from the veterinary and vaccination camp of the study area. Records of 2667 clinical cases of small ruminants (2394 goats, 273 sheep) questionnaires report under this study, from July 2012 to June 2013 were analyzed to assess the importance of existing diseases. The computer program SPSS were analyzed the study and Chi-square and F test were used for significance test. Results: The small ruminants were significantly suffering from various diseases and disorders. The maximum 816 (30.6%) was affected by infectious diseases and lowest 18 (0.7%) was affected with poisonous diseases in small ruminants. The others diseases highest to lowest rate were 444 (16.6%), 354(13.3%), 345 (12.9%), 231 (8.7%), 162 (6.1%),102 (3.8%), 84 (3.1%),72 (2.7%) and 39 (1.5%) affected with gastrointestinal, respiratory, surgical, female reproductive disorder, deficiency syndrome, Integumentary involvement, diseases of sense organ, musculoskeletal system and disease of male sex organ respectively in small . The highest disease prevalence (89.8%) was observed in goat than in sheep (10.2%) and the total reproductive disease prevalence was 10.2%. The highest & lowest incidence rates of reproductive disorders in relation to sex were 32.5% & 1.9% in anoestrus and postitis. Similarly, the age had significant effect (P<0.05) and highest value were 20.4%, 7.9% & 4.5% observed in anoestrus of young, adult and old ages respectively. The season had significant effect and the overall disease prevalence was higher rainy season 40.4%, but the individual highest value observed in anoestrus 14.7% in winter season. Conclusion: The one tenth portion of disease prevalence got in reproductive related case, but most frequent reproductive diseases and disorder were in found in goat, female animal, young age, rainy season and particularly in anoestrus condition of small ruminants at northern Barind tract in Bangladesh.
Reproductive Diseases, Prevalence, Age, Sex, Seasons
To cite this article
Md. Hemayatul Islam, Md. Jalal Uddin Sarder, Md. Siddiqur Rahman, Md. Ariful Haque, Md. Akhtarul Islam, Syed Sarwar Jahan, Rashida Khaton, Retrospective Study of Reproductive Diseases of Small Ruminants in Northern Barind Tract in Bangladesh, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2015, pp. 136-140. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20150305.13
DLS (2010). Personal communication With Project Director, Animal Health Care, Management and Expansion Project, DLS, Dhaka.
Alice Mbugua (2011) Research Report on Water Scarcity in Northern Bangladesh International volunteer, VSO and GBK staff, Parbatipur, Dinajpur: 1-25.
Radostitis OM, Gay CC, Blood DC and Hinchcliff KW (2007) Veterinary Medicine. A Text book of the diseases of cattle, sheep, pig and horse, Ninth Edition, Bailliere Tindal, London, 1308.
Akerejola OC, Schillhorn VT, Njoku CO (1979) Ovine and Caprine diseases in Nigeria. Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa 27: 65 – 68.
Lamorde AG (1996) The role of veterinarians on a developing economy. Nigerian Veterinary Journal (special edition) 1(1): 106 - 111.
Kumidiaka J, Osori DIK., Ogwu D (1981) Incidence of genital abnormalities and physiological effect of genital pathology in indigenous cows. Nigerian Veterinary Journal 9: 52 - 54.
Smith OS and Somade B (1994) Interaction between nutrition and reproduction in farm animals. IFS (International Foundation for science) Proceedings of a Regional Seminar on Animal Reproduction
Nwanta JA, Hassan MI, and Alli-Balogun JK (2000) Epidemiology of PPR in northern states of Nigeria-An update. Proceedings25th Nigeria Society of Animal Production Annual Conference 19-23rd March 2000, Umudike, Nigeria.
Maynard LA, and LOOSI JK (1969) Animal nutrition, 6th ed. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York. 613pp.
Onwuliri COE, Anosike JC, Nkem CN and Payne U K (1993) The ecology of animal parasitic nematodes in endemic areas of Jos, Nigeria. Applied Parasitology 34: 131-137
Okoli IC, Ebere CS, Uchegbu MC, Udah CA, Ibeawuchi II (2003) A survey of the diversity of plants utilized for small ruminant feeding in south-eastern Nigeria. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 96 (1-3): 147-154.
Kamaruddin KM (2003). Goat farming as a means of poverty alleviation. Proceeding of the BSVER symposium, Goats farming in Bangladesh; Problems and prospects. BAU. Bangladesh society for veterinary education research, BSVER Pub. No. 25 P- 26-34.
FAO (2007). FAO production Year Book, Food and Agricultural organization of the USA, Rome, Italy. Vol 51.
SPSS Inc. Released 2008. SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 17.0. Chicago: SPSS Inc.
Waziri MA, Adamu A and Bukar MM (2006) Analysis of Reproductive cases handeled at the state veterinary clinic Maidugure, Negeria. Negerian Veterinary Journal 27(2): 54-59.
Ali MH, Bhuiyan MKJ and Alam MM (2011) Retrospective epidemiologic study of diseases in in Khagrachari hill tract District of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Veterinary Journal 11(1): 145-153.
Arthur GH, Noakes DE, Pearson H, Parkinson TJ (1998) Veterinary Eproduction and Obstetrics, 7th Edition WB Saunders Co., Philadelphia: 185- 302.
Dryendahl L, Mattson J and Peherson B (1977) Retained Placenta in cattle incidence, clinical data and effects on Postpartum release of fertility. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 24: 529-541.
Bendixen PH, Vilson B, and Ekesbo I (1987) Disease frequencies in dairy cows in Sweden. II. Retained Placenta. Preventative Veterinary Medicine 4:377-387.
Islam MdH, Sarder MdJU, Jahan SS, Rahman M, Zahan M, Kader MdA and Mozaffor Hossain KM (2013) Retained placenta of dairy cows associated with managemental factors in Rajshahi, Bangladesh. Vet World 6(4):180-184, doi: 10.5455/vetworld.2013.180-184.
Khairl MM, Alam1 AKMA, Rahman1 MT, Islam1 A, Azim and Chowdhury EH (2013) Incidence of reproductive and production diseases of cross-breed dairy cattle in Bangladesh. Bangl. J. Vet. Med. 11 (1): 31-36.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186