Epidemiology of Small Ruminant Fasciolosis in Arid Areas of Lower Awash River Basin, Afar Region, Ethiopia
Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 6, November 2017, Pages: 102-107
Received: Apr. 12, 2017; Accepted: May 22, 2017; Published: Nov. 5, 2017
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Authors
Hailegebrael Bedada, College of Veterinary Medicine, Samara University, Semera, Afar, Ethiopia
Fikru Gizaw, College of Veterinary Medicine, Samara University, Semera, Afar, Ethiopia
Wossen Negash, College of Veterinary Medicine, Samara University, Semera, Afar, Ethiopia
Angesom Hadush, College of Veterinary Medicine, Samara University, Semera, Afar, Ethiopia
Ali Wassie, College of Veterinary Medicine, Samara University, Semera, Afar, Ethiopia
Ashenafi Gebregergious, Semera Veterinary Regional Laboratory, Semera, Afar, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Across sectional study was conducted from December 2014 to February 2015 to determine the prevalence of Fasciolosis and associated risk factors of small ruminant in selected districts of Lower Awash River Basin. A total of 295 faecal samples were collected from (166 goat and 129 sheep), kept under pastoral and agro-pastoral area. Out of the total 295 faecal samples examined 32.5% (259) were found positive to Fasciola infection. The result revealed that significantly higher prevalence of Fasciola infection was observed in goats 37.9% (63) than sheep 25.6% (33). The risk of Fasciolosis in goats were 0.477 times higher than sheep (OR=0.477, p<.048). Animals with poor body condition had higher (44.5%) prevalence than animals with good body condition (13.3%). Significantly (OR=3.513, p<0.001) higher prevalence of disease was observed in animals managed under agro-pastoral production system than those kept in pastoral production. Like wise significant variation in prevalence was observed between the flocks contain both species of animal and contain only sheep or goat (OR=0.354, p<0.036). However, the prevalence of Fasciola infection was not significantly different between male and female animals. In the study area animal nutrition and social awareness on the importance of Fasciola infection is generally poor; low productivity in small ruminants is likely to be aggravated by a high prevalence of Fasciola. Hence, urgent and organized control strategies should be designed and implemented as milk of small ruminant is main source of food for pastoralists.
Keywords
Fasciola, Small Ruminants, Prevalence, Lower Awash, Afar
To cite this article
Hailegebrael Bedada, Fikru Gizaw, Wossen Negash, Angesom Hadush, Ali Wassie, Ashenafi Gebregergious, Epidemiology of Small Ruminant Fasciolosis in Arid Areas of Lower Awash River Basin, Afar Region, Ethiopia, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2017, pp. 102-107. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20170506.12
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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