Factors Determining the Distribution and Status of the Snow Leopard Population (Panthera uncia) in Western Mongolia
Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 7, Issue 6, November 2019, Pages: 127-132
Received: Oct. 25, 2019; Accepted: Dec. 16, 2019; Published: Jan. 17, 2020
Views 527      Downloads 155
Victor S. Lukarevskiy, Information and Analytical Center for Support of Protected Areas, Moscow, Russia
Munkhnast Dalannast, Bat Research Center of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Svyatoslav Lukarevskiy, Information and Analytical Center for Support of Protected Areas, Moscow, Russia
Erdenechimeg Damdin, Administration of Khar-Us Nuur National Park, Khovd, Mongolia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Studies of the distribution, assessment of the Snow leopard population, as well as the state of the populations of its main prey species, the impact of anthropogenic factors are the basis for the development of long-term and effective action plans and strategies for its conservation. To this end, we have carried out work on three different territories of the Mongolian Altai: Jargalant, Bumbat and Baatar Khairkhan Mountains. All three territories differ in the nature of the location in relation to other parts of the Snow leopard's range, and in the nature of the relief and economic use. The main method of research is the search and registration of traces of life activity of the Snow leopard and its main prey species (Mongolian marmot and Siberian ibex). For this purpose, we have passed 18 research routes with a total length of 197.5 km where we recorded all traces of the Snow leopard, Siberian ibex and Mongolian marmot life activities, as well as the distribution of the number of livestock. Another research method we have used is the application of camera traps. We installed 27 camera traps in total. As a result of their work we have obtained 51 photo location of the Snow leopard and identified at least 3 females, 2-3 adult males, 2-3 young individuals, the sex of which could not be established, including individuals aged about 2 years, 2 cubs. Both methods of research (search for traces of life activities and the application of camera traps) complement each other, and the correct use of camera traps can reduce the subjectivity of the results obtained by the search for traces of life activities. Thus, the reliability of the results is significantly increased. Our studies show that the largest number of traces of Snow leopard activity (the number of scrapes per 1 km of the route) and the largest number of photo locations were recorded in the central part of the Jargalant khairkhan mountain range – the territory that is the most remote and inaccessible for grazing livestock. In this territory, the highest frequency of Snow leopard presence was noted (20-40 scratches/km), and accordingly 5 from 11 identified snow leopards were registered. A similar pattern of distribution of traces of vital activity was registered for the other two territories.
Snow Leopard, Jargalant, Bumbat, Baatar Khairkhan, Population, Photo Location, Scrapes
To cite this article
Victor S. Lukarevskiy, Munkhnast Dalannast, Svyatoslav Lukarevskiy, Erdenechimeg Damdin, Factors Determining the Distribution and Status of the Snow Leopard Population (Panthera uncia) in Western Mongolia, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Vol. 7, No. 6, 2019, pp. 127-132. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20190706.12
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Ahlborn G. G., Jackson R. M., Marking in free-ranging snow leopards in Western Nepal: 1988. Preliminary assessment//Proceedings of the Fifth International Snow Leopard Symposium. P. 25-51.
Augugliaro C, Paniccia C, Janchivlamdan C, Monti IE, Boldbaatar T, Munkhtsog B (2019) Mammal inventory in the Mongolian Gobi, with the southeasternmost documented record of the Snow Leopard, Panthera uncia (Schreber, 1775) in the country. Check List 15 (4): 565– 578. https://doi.org/10.15560/15.4.565
Jackson R. M., Hunter D. O., Snow Leopard Survey and Conservation Handbook. International Snow Leopard Trust. Seattle, 1996. Second Edition. 189 pp.
Karanth K. U. Estimating tiger populations from camera-trap data using capture-recapture models// Biol. Conserv. 1995. Vol. 333-338.
Karanth K. U. and Nichols J. D. Estimation of tiger densities in India using photographic capture and recapturess. Ecology 79. 1998. Pp.: 2852-2862.
Karanth K. U., Kumar N. S. and Nichols J. D. Field surveys: Statistical concepts: estimating absolute densities of tigers using capture-recapture sampling. In Monitoring tigers and their prey. Center Wildlife Studies, India. 2002. P. 139-150.
Kazmi F. A. Ecological impacts of climate change on snow leopard (Panthera uncia) in South Asia. Preprint • August 2019. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/335523911
Li J., Lu Z. Snow leopard poaching and trade in China 2000-2013. Biological Conservation 176 (2014) 207-211. www.elsevier.com/locate/biocon
Lukarevskiy V. S. Leopard (Panthera pardus) na Zapadnom Kopetdage: razmeshcheniye, chislennost', osobennosti ekologii i povedeniya//Zool. zhurn. 1993. T. 72. Vyp. 1. S. 131-141. (In rus.)
Lukarevskiy V. S. Leopard, polosataya giyena i volk v Turkmenistane. M., «Signar» 2001. 128 s. (in rus.)
Lukarevskiy V. S. Kommunikativnoye povedeniye leoparda (Panthera pardus) v Tsentral'noy Azii i na Kavkaze//Povedeniye i povedencheskaya ekologiya mlekopitayushchikh. Mat-ly nauchnoy konferentsii (4-8 oktyabrya 2005 g., Chernogolovka). M., 2005. S. 191-194. (In rus.)
Lukarevskiy V. S., Poyarkov A. D. Sovremennoye sostoyaniye populyatsii irbisa (Uncia uncia, Carnivora) v Rossii//Zool. zhurn. 2008. T. 87, № 1. Str. 114-121. (in rus.)
Lukarevskiy V. S., Umetdbekov A. O sostoyanii nekotorykh gruppirovok irbisa v Kyrgyzstane. Zhurnal Selevinia, 2011, str. 162 – 167. (In rus.)
Lukarevskiy V. S., Purevsuren S. Sostoyaniye gruppirovok irbisa Uncia uncia na okhranyayemykh territoriyakh severo-zapadnoy Mongolii. Zhurnal Selevinia, 2011, str. 167-174. (in rus.)
Lukarevskiy V., Askerov E., Hazaryan Gr. Condition of the Leopard Population in the Caucasus. Beitrage zur Jagd & Wildforshung, Bd. 29. 2004. PP. 303-319.
Matyushkin Ye. N., Koshkarev Ye. P. Sledy snezhnogo barsa//Okhota i okhotn. khoz-vo. 1990. № 2. S. 14-17. (In rus.)
McCarthy, T. M., Ecology and conservation of snow leopards, Gobi bears, and wild Bactrian camels in Mongolia. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Massachusetts Amherst, MA, 2000. p. 133.
McCarthy T., Murray K., Sharma K., ORJAN Johansson O., Preliminary results of a long-term study of snow leopards in South Gobi, Mongolia. Cat News 53, 15-19.
Maheshwari A, Niraj S. K. Monitoring illegal trade in snow leopards: 2003-2014. Global Ecology and Conservation 14 (2018). http://www.elsevier.com/locate/gecco
Schaller G., Crawshaw P. G. (Jr.), Movement patterns of Jaguar. Biotropica, vol. 12, 1980. N 3, p. 161-168.
Watts S. M, McCarthy T. M, Namgail T (2019) Modelling potential habitat for snow leopards (Panthera uncia) in Ladakh, India. PLoS ONE 14 (1): e0211509. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0211509
White K. D. The Snow Leopard and Cultural Landscape in Contemporary Kazakhstan. Society & Animals 26 (2018) 1-23.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186